Difference Between HRM and HRD (With Table)

An organisation have an enormous number of people working for in different field and environments. It is an essential and challenging task to manage these many people. That is why every organisation has a department called human resources or HR. the management done by this department is called human resource management. It has various fields, one of which is human resource development.

HRM stands for human resource management and is responsible for ensuring that a particular organisation’s employees work enthusiastically and adequately for the organisation. It works to make sure an employee’s work performance is maximised. The HRM people have to manage employee’s various activities since they are responsible for the production and development of all products of that organisation. The concept of HRM started in the 18th century.

HRD stands for human resource development. The sole focus of this department is on the training and development management of an organisation’s employees. It focuses on tasks such as employee training, mentoring, performance and career development, etc. HRD comes under HRM.

The difference between HRM and HRD is that HRM is a management department, whereas HRD is a development department. The functions and goals of these two departments are different. The management of all the activities comes under HRM, whereas HRD only concentrates on an employee’s training and development. 

Comparison Table Between HRM and HRD

Parameters of comparisonHRMHRD
DefinitionIt stands for human resource management.It stands for human resource development.
FunctionIt is a management department that ensures that a particular organization’s employees give their best to achieve the result. It manages the training and development of the employees.
ProcessIt is an occasional process.It is a continuous process.
Department typeManagementDevelopment
StructureIndependentinter-dependent

What is HRM?

HRM stands for human resource management. It is a management department whose responsibility is to ensure that a particular organisation’s employees give their best to achieve the results. It works to make sure an employee’s work performance is maximised. HR or human resources are generally responsible for managing various tasks for the employees such as their recruitment, training, implementation, reward and pay management, etc.

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HRM is essential to maintain the goodwill of any organisation. Human resources provide a full time professional human resources person for every 100 employees. This HRM person has to manage various activities of these 100 employees. Human beings are responsible for the production and development of all the new things in this world, and so it is vital to make sure they are doing it with full dedication. This management is in the hands of HRM.

The human resource development field started in the 18th century by Robert Owen and Charles Babbage, who believed that the employees’ well-being leads to excellent work. To make a career in HRM, one has to study the program of human resources. This program is provided by various business colleges worldwide. The first-ever college to provide thus program is the school of industrial and labour relations at Cornell University. Human resource management includes many fields and many people who work in different these fields such as chief human resource officer, director, recruiter etc.

What is HRD?

HRD stands for human resource development, and it is a part of human resource management that solely focuses on the training and development management other employees od an organization. Every employee who has been recruited by an organization has to first go through a training program before starting work there. Once they start working, they must learn new skills, leading to their development. HRD manages these tasks.

Leonard Nadler introduced the concept of HRD in 1969. he thought that human resource development would bring out the personal and organizational skill changes in the employees. HRD includes responsibilities such as employee training, performance and career development, mentoring, etc. HRD is required by every and any organization for better growth and success in this fast-changing environment.

It emphasizes the best utilization of each employee’s skills and capabilities and promotes team spirit among them. Development is a process that can never end, and it can continue for a long time because there is always something new to learn. Human resource development also helps make people more component and makes their attitude better and helpful for the organization. It creates a good relationship between the whole staff of that organization.

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Main Differences Between HRM and HRD

  1. HRM stands for human resource management. in comparison, HRD stands for human resource development.
  2. HRM is a management department whose responsibility is to ensure that a particular organization’s employees give their best to achieve the result. In contrast, HRD manages the training and development of the employees.
  3. HRM processes are carried out when required, whereas HRD processes are not occasional, they continue as long a person work in an organization.
  4. HRM works on the management of various tasks, whereas HRD works specifically on development.
  5. The HRM structure is independent, whereas the HRD structure is inter-dependent.

Conclusion

HRM stands for human resource management, and it ensures that a particular organisation’s employees work to help in the success of an organisation. It is a management department. In contrast, HRD stands for human resource development, and its sole focus is on the training and development management of an organisation’s employees. It is a development department. HRD comes under HRM, which makes it an interdependent department.

RM manages all employee activities such as recruitment, training, implementation, reward and pays management, etc. In contrast, the HRD department’s responsibilities include employee training, performance and career development, mentoring, etc.

The concept of HRM started in the 18th century Robert Owen and Charles Babbage since they thought it is essential to ensure employees’ well-being for better work. However, Leonard Nadler introduced the concept of HRD in 1969 as he felt that the employees should keep getting better and more creative in their work. HRM is a management department, whereas HRD is a development department.

References

  1. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1534484312450868
  2. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13678860121778