Difference Between HRM and IHRM

Human resource management includes marketing, production, human resource management, strategic, financial, operations, information, service, and technology, as well as international human resource management in the case of companies that hire expatriates.


The main difference between HRM and IHRM is that HRM refers to the management study which focuses on human resources in a particular country. However, International Human Resource Management focuses on human beings all over the world, and not until a specific physical boundary. IHRM is a comparatively higher specialised course with more scopes than HRM.


That is, it only searches for HR in the domestic country. HRM is bound to follow all the rules and regulations made by the country where the company’s headquarters are located.

IHRM stands for International Human Resource Management. This study deals with a broader view of IHRM. IHRM follows the regulations enacted by many countries throughout the world.

Comparison Table Between HRM and IHRM

Parameters of ComparisonHRMIHRM
Full formHuman Resource ManagementInternational Human Resource Management.
LawsAdheres to the law of a particular country.Adheres to all universal laws.
PoliciesStandard policies are made, and it is the same for everyone.In the lives of the employees, interference happens.
CulturePeople belonging to only one culture can work efficiently.People from various cultures work together.
Risk factors involvementMinimal risks.High risks involved, such as terrorism and crisis.
AdjustmentAdaptation to the culture is easy.A company’s culture gets affected by different cultures.
Employer-Employee RelationshipThe employer or the superior treats all the workers of the company equally.Due to difference in culture, Employer deals with every employee differently.

What is HRM?

The acronym of HRM is Human Resource Management. HRM is known for its high reputation for dealing with a very narrow perspective and a limited viewpoint.

HRM adheres to the rules and regulations of the nation where the firm’s headquarters is located. HRM personnel have an easier time adapting and adjusting to the culture.

Standard policies for all employees are developed in HRM, and they are applied uniformly across the country. Only citizens of a given nation are permitted to work in HRM. HRM carries a low risk.


What is IHRM?

The acronym IHRM stands for “International Human Resource Management.” This research in IHRM takes a broader view. Various people have different attitudes when it comes to IHRM.

People from different cultures collaborate in the instance of IHRM. Risks such as crises and terrorism are involved with IHRM.


Main Differences Between HRM and IHRM

  1. Adaptation and adjusting to the culture is easy in between the employees of HRM. However, in IHRM, the organisation or the company’s culture gets affected by different cultures.
  2. In HRM, the attitude of the seniors or superiors the the the the same as all the workers in the company. However, in case of IHRM, different people’ attitude is different.


HRM and IHRM are two types of Human Resources recruitment studies. HRM generally work for management, recruitment and sometimes enhancing the skills of employees.

IHRM focuses on the same management and recruitment work, but this involves those people who belong to other countries.

Although, both show almost the same functions when personnel management is considered. But, IHRM also deals with the orientation and training of the workers with various religions, ethics and cultural values.

This property is lacked by HRM. HRM is unaffected by external factors. Only internal factors can affect it. However, both external and internal factors affect IHRM.


  1. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09585199700000049
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