Difference Between Idaho and Russet Potatoes

More than 200 different potato types are available across the world, each falling into one of seven categories: russet, red, white, golden, fingerling, blue/purple, and petite. According to The Spruce Eats, while picking a potato for a meal, you should examine whether it’s a sugary, waxy, or even all potato because the answer will eventually impact the overall outcome of the dish.

Well, in this article the differences between two primary types of potatoes Idaho and russet are stated to magnify their features and differences as well.

Idaho Potatoes vs Russet Potatoes

The main difference between Idaho and russet potatoes is that Idaho potatoes are cultivated in precise Idaho State in the USA but russets can be grown anywhere. Idaho potatoes are distinguished from potatoes cultivated in other states by their perfect growth circumstances, which include rich, igneous soil, weather, and irrigation. Russet potatoes are grown in many states.

Idaho vs Russet Potatoes

Idaho potatoes are potatoes cultivated in the county of Idaho in the United States. The “Idaho potato” and “Grown in Idaho” seals are nationally authorized trademarks. The Idaho Potato Commission (IPC) owns these trademarks or marks. There are far more than 30 distinct potato types cultivated in Idaho, however, there is no such thing as an “Idaho potato.” It’s more like a collective term for many other species of potatoes grown in the state of Idaho.

Russet potatoes on the other hand are cultivated in many places around the United States, but Idaho produces the most well-known Russet. It is the most prevalent potato variety in the United States. They’re frequently known as Burbank or Russet Burbank potatoes. Luther Burbank accidentally created Russet in the 1870s in Lunenburg, Massachusetts. If we consider the appearance of a russet potato, it is large, with dark brown skin and few eyes.

Comparison Table Between Idaho Potatoes and Russet Potatoes

Parameters of ComparisonIdaho PotatoesRusset Potatoes
LocationIdaho potatoes are grown in the state of Idaho, USA. Idaho also grows more than 25 additional potato types, namely Yukon Golds, Reds, and Fingerlings.Russet potatoes are also grown in Idaho but are not limited to that. They are very famous in other states of the USA too.
ClimateThe majority of Idaho’s tubers are cultivated in the norther-eastern part of the state, at elevations of 4500 to 5000 feet. The temperature drops to the low 40s in the evenings and rises to 80s in the daytime. The optimal temperature for Russet’s plant vegetative growth is 24°C, whereas the optimal temperature for tuber’s maturation is 20°C.
Also Known AsIdaho potatoes are used generally for all the potatoes whose growth is distinctively limited to Idoha, USA.It is also known as Burbank or Russet Burbank potatoes.
Ideal Cooking MethodsBaked and mashed Idoha potatoes are preferred over cooked and fried preparations.Russet potatoes are preferred ,mashed and fried but are not recommended for baking purposes because of its sweeter taste.
AppearanceMedium to small in size and have a bumpier skin. The skin is easily removable too.It is large, with dark brown skin and few eyes and has a smooth textured skin.

What are Idaho Potatoes?

Idaho potatoes are potatoes cultivated in the state of Idaho. The Idaho Potato Commission has trademarked the phrase (together with “Grown in Idaho”), which is applied to Idaho potatoes that are transported all over the world. Every year, the state harvests 13 billion pounds of potatoes, with a few sold fresh and others used for frozen meals, french fries, and dewatering. Because 97 percent of Americans eat potatoes as well as the typical person consumes 111 pounds per year, Idaho potatoes are in high demand.

Idaho potatoes come in a variety of shapes and sizes, but they’re still boiled. A russet potato’s skin is thin, brown, and delicious. When fried or roasted, it may be crunchy, although it’s often left out of dishes like boiled potatoes. Russet types are ideal for baking whole and top with your favorite toppings. Scrub the potato’s exterior well, dry it, then pierce it a few times with a fork.

There is no such thing as an “Idaho” variation. Although Idaho potatoes are a prominent and well-known type of Idaho-grown potatoes that are cultivated all over the planet. Idaho potatoes are famous all over the world. The temperature, molten material, and drainage contribute to distinguishing the Idaho tuber from tubers produced in other states, which helps to distinguish the flavor of the Idaho potato.

What are Russet Potatoes?

Russet potatoes are grown in Idaho state too and are considered amongst Idaho breeds only, they do not require any specific place particularly unlike the Idaho potatoes (namely). They are considered one of the most famous and public-preferred potato breeds throughout the world. The most common Norkotah one will see in the market is the Russet Norkotah. It has nearly overtaken the Russet Burbank due to its more known volume, which markets and restaurants like.

The skin of a Russet potato is net-like and kind of rough, also it is russet-colored or brown in hue. Vitamin B6, vitamin C, and carbs or starch are all abundant in these foods. The sugar level is considerable, and there are 3-4 grams of dietary fiber. They are low in salt, calcium, and vegetable oils, and have 120-135 calories per ordinary potato.

These potatoes are mainly used by fast-food restaurants like McDonald‘s. Russet potatoes are used in restaurants like McDonald’s because of their size, which produces lengthy slices perfect for french fries.

According to the 2009’S report, McDonald’s top tuber was the russet. Because it uses more water and takes longer to develop, the russet Burbank is more expensive than other potatoes. Also, it needs a lot of pesticides to prevent it from infestation. Potatoes with a high starch content, such as russets, are ideal for baking and mashing.

Main Differences Between Idaho Potatoes and Russet Potatoes

  1. Idaho potatoes are a collective breed of potatoes whereas russet potatoes are a particular breed of potato.
  2. Idaho potatoes are strictly grown in the state of Idaho but russets can be grown anywhere with familiar environmental conditions.
  3. Idaho potatoes are good for baking but russet potatoes are ideal for mashing and frying.
  4. Idaho potato is a trademark put up by the Idaho Potato Commission whereas russets are also grown in Idaho but are a separate breed.
  5. The Idaho potatoes require lots of conditions for growth and are costlier than the russets, which can be grown in intermediate conditions and can be purchased at a cheaper rate.


Both the potatoes are rich in nutrients and incur a very good palate for potato lovers, but they have their specialties. Many states grow Russet potatoes, but Idaho potatoes can only be cultivated in Idaho. Idaho grows more than 25 different potato types, including Yukon Golds, Reds, and Fingerlings, in addition to the well-known russet.

The IPC makes sure to safeguard these copyrights and, as a result, the purity of the “Idaho potato” brand, which is widely recognized as the superior potato across the world. Russets on the other hand are also grown in Idaho but are much cheaper and industry-friendly. In other words, Idaho potato is a luxurious brand of potatoes whereas russets are easier to cultivate and yet are comparable to the former in terms of quality and taste.


  1. https://www.thespruceeats.com/what-are-idaho-potatoes-995722
  2. https://www.recipetips.com/glossary-term/t–35083/russet-potato.asp
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