India vs UAE: Difference and Comparison

Every country has its own unique lifestyle. And all the country’s representatives strive hard to give its citizens the best quality of life.

Bilateral relations between India and UAE are at an all-time high. While India is located in a country in Southeast Asia, UAE is a country in Western Asia.

Both countries have paved their history that is quite interesting, and a lifetime would not suffice to explore every corner of these places.

Key Takeaways

  1. India is a democratic republic with a diverse population, while the UAE is a federation of seven emirates governed by hereditary rulers.
  2. India’s economy is larger and more diverse, while the UAE heavily depends on oil and gas production.
  3. India has a tropical monsoon climate, while the UAE has an arid desert climate with extremely high temperatures.

India Vs UAE

India is located in South Asia and is bordered by Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar. India has a mixed economy and is one of the fastest-growing major economies in the world. The UAE is located in the Middle East and is bordered by Oman and Saudi Arabia.

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India is a large South Asian country with a diversified landscape ranging from Himalayan peaks to the Indian Ocean coastline and a five-millennia-old history.

The Red Fort complex in Delhi, the gigantic Jama Masjid mosque in Agra, and the Taj Mahal mausoleum in Agra are all Mughal Empire icons in the north.

In Varanasi, pilgrims bathe in the Ganges, while Rishikesh is a yoga centre and a starting point for Himalayan hiking.

The United Arab Emirates is a Middle Eastern country. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) comprises seven emirates with a special peace treaty with the United Kingdom.

This is why they were known as the Trucial States in the past. Dubai is the most well-known and popular city in the UAE, and the word Dubai has become synonymous with the country.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonIndiaUAE
Located atSoutheast AsiaWestern Asia
Population 138 crores (as of 2020)98.9 lakhs (as of 2020)
Capital CityDelhiAbu Dhabi
Official Language HindiArabic
Official CurrencyIndian RupeesUAE Dirham

What is India?

India-Based History And Geography

India was once a part of ancient Gondwanaland when Laurasia met Gondwanaland. It split from Gondwanaland and migrated northward.

The Himalayas were formed when the Indian tectonic plate clashed with the Eurasian tectonic plate.

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India’s flora and wildlife are diverse, featuring animals such as the Royal Bengal Tiger, Gir Lions, Asiatic Elephant, Olive Ridley Turtles, Sea Cows, and more.

The North East Region and the Western Ghats are two of the world’s 14 biodiversity hotspots, and both are located in India.

In Meghalaya, living tree roots are used to construct bridges.

Indian History And Culture

Harappan civilization (2800 BC-1750 BC) was the world’s first planned urban civilization, with planned cities, subterranean drainage, flushed toilets, and other amenities.

The lost-wax process, commonly known as investment casting, was invented in India – Invented during the Harappan Civilization, investment casting is a sophisticated manufacturing method.

The world’s first major religion, Buddhism, was born in India.

Diversity- India is home to all of the world’s main religions; it has 22 official languages and numerous dialects; more than 200 ethnic groups; and a wide range of clothing, cuisine, music, dance, and festivals.

Few Interesting Facts About India

  • More than 1.7 billion people inhabit the Indian subcontinent, and India is their way of life.
  • In the last 2000 years, India has been the world’s greatest economy for more than 1100 years.
  • Despite all of the obstacles, India’s newest form, the Republic of India, is the world’s largest functional democracy. It is also the largest economy in the world that is growing at the fastest rate.
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What is the UAE?

The United Arab Emirates is divided into two major Emirates (Abu Dhabi and Dubai) and five minor Emirates (Ajman, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah, and Umm al-Quwain).

More than 65 percent of the UAE’s population and nearly 95 percent of its area are accounted for by the Big Two. 

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) was established in 1971 after the United Kingdom withdrew its sovereignty over the Emirates’ borders.

During maritime operations near the Tund Islands, Iran’s military display also aided the union.

The economy of the United Arab Emirates is not solely based on its oil reserves. 

The UAE government has been investing heavily in tourism infrastructure, transforming this desert country into one of the world’s top five international tourist destinations. 

Every year, more than ten million people visit the Emirates. The United Arab Emirates is known for having the most exquisite and even extravagant hotels and resorts. 

Such amazing constructions as the Burj Khalifa and the Palm Islands can blow anyone’s mind who has seen them.

The Federal Supreme Council, which is made up of seven emirs, governs the United Arab Emirates. The hereditary President of the Emirates is the ruler of the emirate of Abu Dhabi. 

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Dubai’s emir always served as prime minister. Political parties are not allowed to operate in the UAE. 

International experts consider the UAE to be one of the least suited places on Earth for a free press. Sharia law is enshrined in the country’s constitution.

The United Arab Emirates is a country that blends a contemporary economy with an antiquated judicial system.


Main Differences Between India And UAE

  1. Freedom Level: The level of political and civil rights enjoyed by the people of a particular country or territory determines the freedom level.
  • In 2018 India was categorized as a free country, whereas UAE has been branded as not a free country.
  1. Gender Gap: The gap that reflects between men and women in social, political, or economics.
  • India has ranked 140th among 150 countries as per the 2021 Global Gender Gap Report, and UAE has ranked 78th among 150 countries.
  1. In terms of richness:
  • Indians are becoming richer with each passing day, but it takes time to become a high-income country, while UAE is 9 times bigger than India in terms of richness.
  1. Happiness Report:
  • India is ranked 139 globally according to the Happiness Index of the World Happiness Report. UAE is ranked 11th globally.
  1. Human Development Index: Overall Development
  • India is categorized as having a medium level of development. The UAE has a better basic infrastructure, high literacy levels, and life expectancy reflected in the human development index. 
Difference Between India And UAE

Last Updated : 13 July, 2023

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14 thoughts on “India vs UAE: Difference and Comparison”

  1. The social and political indicators of India and the UAE provide fascinating insights into the unique dynamics of their respective societies, offering valuable lessons for global governance.

  2. The geopolitical and cultural influences of India and the UAE on regional and international affairs are profound, reflecting their historical legacies and contemporary roles in the global arena.

    • Indeed, the impact of these two countries on global affairs is significant and complex, contributing to the evolving dynamics of world politics.

    • The diplomatic relations and strategic partnerships between India and the UAE play a crucial role in shaping regional stability and international cooperation.

  3. The environmental and climatic differences between India and the UAE are crucial aspects of their identities, shaping their ecosystems and human interactions.

  4. The geographical and ecological diversity between India and the UAE is vast, and it’s remarkable to see how these countries both contribute to global biodiversity.

    • Absolutely, the natural landscapes and wildlife in India and UAE are unique and essential to the conservation of our planet.

  5. The historical and cultural significance of India and the UAE is incredibly rich and diverse, showcasing the beautiful tapestry of human civilization.

  6. The economic and political landscapes of India and the UAE are complex and multifaceted, reflecting the diversity and resilience of their societies.

  7. The historical contributions of India and UAE to human civilization are awe-inspiring, exemplifying the richness and diversity of our global heritage.

  8. The historic and cultural tie between India and UAE is fascinating, cementing the ties and ensuring their bilateral relationship remains strong.

    • The economic differences between India and UAE are significant, and it’s interesting to see how they contribute to their overall development.


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