Difference Between Interest Rate and Annual Percentage Rate (APR) (With Table)

You may see an Annual Percentage Rate (APR) next to the note rate while searching for a new mortgage loan. The inclusion of an APR is required by federal law in order to provide borrowers with a consistent benchmark by which to compare the total cost of each loan.

Interest Rate vs Annual Percentage Rate (APR)

The difference between Interest Rate and Annual Percentage Rate (APR) is that the cost of taking something is the principal amount in the interest rate. the APR is the most effective rate to examine because It includes not just the loan’s interest but also the fees and other costs connected with getting the loan.

The interest rate currently charged on mortgage loans is furthermore calculated by a purchaser’s credit score and commanding rates–i.e., the overall interest rate currently required by moneylenders on mortgage loans. interest rate is typically determined by your credit score, which means the greater your credit score, the more reliable it is.

the lender sets APR, which includes loan fees and other additional charges that are different from one lender to another. It equips borrowers with a more detailed view of the cost of a loan. The Annual Percentage Rate has nothing to do with the recurrent payment, which is determined solely based on the interest rate.

Comparison Table Between Interest Rate and Annual Percentage Rate (APR)

Parameters of ComparisonInterest RateAnnual Percentage Rate (APR)
DefinitionYour annual interest rate is a straightforward estimate of the interest you pay on a mortgage loan.Many expenditures and fees that aren’t incorporated into the interest rate are taken into account by the APR.
CalculationInterest rates provide a basic calculation.APR allows you to compare mortgage providers.  
Main interestInterest rates are measure to focus on.APR prevents lenders from withholding information about certain costs.
Flexibilitya rate of interest Fixed, and lockable options are all available.Only if the borrower intends to live in the house.
The total cost of the loanthe rate of interest Doesn’t provide you a true picture of how much a loan will cost in total.A lower transaction cost may not always imply a lower APR.

What is Interest Rate?

Your yearly interest rate is a simple calculation of the interest you’re paying on a mortgage loan, excluding any additional expenses. Interest rates are generally a few tenths of a percentage point lower than the APR. The majority of consumers browse for lenders and evaluate loan offers based on the interest rate.  Although interest rates are frequently expressed as annual rates.

You will have the lowest monthly mortgage payment if you obtain the lowest interest rate. Compare the APR rates given to you if you want to know the cumulative price of the mortgage loan. The best annual percentage rate might not be the lowest rate or payment, but it will be the least expensive throughout the loan’s life.

The Federal Reserve, often known as the Fed, sets the federal funds rate, which has an impact on investment rates. The general reserves rate is the overnight rate at which banks give savings dividends to other banks. in a recession, for example, the Fed would generally lower the federal funds rate to encourage people to spend.

During periods of strong economic development, the Federal Reserve would usually boost interest rates over time in order to promote greater savings and balance cash flow.

What is Annual Percentage Rate (APR)?

APR stands for annual percentage rate which is calculated on loan. This is the total amount you’ll pay over a year, including interest, lender fees, origination costs, and other expenses. When borrowing money, the lower the APR, the less expensive it will be over time; nevertheless, this does not guarantee the lowest monthly payment.

Annual percentage rates provide a more accurate picture of how much you’re paying on your loan. Depending on whether or not points are added, the APR might be greater or lower. Lenders frequently promote low APR rates that are artificially low due to the payment of discount points.

The APR refers to the overall interest rate from the mortgage loan as well as any additional costs spent in the loan’s acquisition. The APR usually includes both the lender’s and appraisal costs, however, the lender’s expenses are sometimes included when the appraisal charge isn’t.

Simply put, it refers to the overall cost of borrowing over a year. It’s a better tool for comparing financial goods than the interest rate since it’s more complete. It is a reliable indicator of the overall cost of the loan. It is regarded as an important guiding factor when it comes to borrowing.

Main Differences Between Interest Rate and Annual Percentage Rate (APR)

  1. Interest rates are a great indicator of what your monthly payment will look like whereas APR Accounts for many of the costs and fees are not factored into the interest rate.
  2. Interest rates provide Standard calculation whereas APR Provides a realistic comparison of different mortgage lenders and products.
  3. Interest rates are measure to focus on. Whereas APR Prevents lenders from not disclosing certain fees.
  4. Interest rate does not provide an accurate picture of the total cost of a loan whereas A lower APR does not necessarily translate into a better deal.
  5. Interest rate Can be fixed, or locked whereas APR can be Optimized only if the borrower plans to stay in the property throughout the entire mortgage.


Other “hidden” charges, such as closing costs or “points” paid on a mortgage, must be paid by the borrower. These charges vary by lender and even among the same lender’s multiple loan choices.

Interest rates and annual percentage rates are not the same things, and they should not be used interchangeably. An interest rate is a useful tool for calculating how much it costs to borrow the principal on a house loan and for predicting how much a monthly mortgage payment will cost. An annual percentage rate (APR), on the other hand, allows borrowers to estimate the total cost of a mortgage.


  1. https://heinonline.org/hol-cgi-bin/get_pdf.cgi?handle=hein.journals/hsnfnrv5&section=16
  2. https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/02652320210419689/full/html
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