Difference Between Kerosene and Diesel (With Table)

Vehicles run with different types of fuels. Several kinds of Fuels are coming from the earth. Man-kind dig several fuels by using pieces of equipment. Kerosene and Diesel are the kinds of liquids available to run vehicles and household products.  

Kerosene vs Diesel  

The difference between kerosene fuel and Diesel is that Kerosene is one of the kinds of fuel used for vehicles and, it had available after the extraction of petroleum. Diesel is one of the kinds of fuel used for Diesel engines. Kerosene consists of ten different hydrocarbons, where each molecule contains ten to sixteen carbon atoms. Chemical Composition of the Diesel requires 75 % of saturated hydrocarbons and 25 % of aromatic hydrocarbons.  

Kerosene, known as paraffin, is a burnable hydrocarbon had extracted from petroleum. Kerosene is one of the kinds of fuel used for burning purposes and aviation. Kerosene liquid had used in kerosene lamps, domestic furnaces, jet engines and solvent from greases, insecticides. Kerosene consists of ten different hydrocarbons, where each molecule contains ten to sixteen carbon atoms. Kerosene is a distillate from petroleum that includes the fractions with boiling points between 150 degrees to 300 degrees Celsius.   

Diesel is one of the kinds of fuel that had used for vehicles. Several kinds of vehicle engines are running with the help of diesel fuel. Diesel comes out as fuel without any spark after the compression of the air mixture. Diesel Fuel requires a better compression inflammation characteristic. Chemical Composition of the Diesel requires 75 % of saturated hydrocarbons and 25 % of aromatic hydrocarbons. Paraffins, Cycloparaffins are the saturated hydrocarbons and Naphthalene’s, Alkylbenzenes are the aromatic hydrocarbons.  

Comparison Table Between Kerosene and Diesel  

Parameters of Comparison    Kerosene  Diesel  
Meaning    Kerosene is one of the kinds of fuel derived from petroleum.  Diesel is one of the kinds of fuel compressed from an air mixture.  
Consists       Kerosene consists of ten different types of hydrocarbons. Diesel consists of 75 % of saturated hydrocarbons and 25 % of aromatic hydrocarbons. 
Difference       Kerosene contains fewer numbers of hydrocarbons and a low boiling point. Diesel requires a high boiling point and consists of several hydrocarbons.  
Extraction    Kerosene had extracted primarily from petroleum.  Diesel had derived after the extraction of Kerosene fuel immediately.  
Uses    Kerosene liquid had used in kerosene lamps, domestic furnaces and household purposes.  Diesel fuel had used in diesel engines for transportation purpose and military purposes.  

What is Kerosene?  

Kerosene is of the kinds of fuel. Kerosene fuel is also known as paraffin. Kerosene is extracted from petroleum after it had dug from the earth. Kerosene had used for several household purposes and aviation. kerosene lamps, domestic furnaces, jet engines and solvent from greases, insecticides are runs on kerosene fuel. Kerosene consists of ten different kinds of hydrocarbons where these are the few hydrocarbons contained by the fuel. Each molecule in the Kerosene consists of six to ten hydrocarbons. Kerosene is a distillate from petroleum that includes the fractions with boiling points between 150 degrees to 300 degrees Celsius.  

The chemical formula of the kerosene fuel is that C12H26-C15H32. The weight of the kerosene fuel is that 800 kg per cubic meter and, the density of the kerosene fuel is that 800 kg/m^3. In the imperial customary measurement system, the solidity of the kerosene fuel is 49.9 pound per cubic foot. The colour of the kerosene fuel is pale yellow and sometimes colourless.

The odour of the kerosene fuel is pleasant. Kerosene works effectively in lightning and for campfires. Kerosene is not poisonous. If individual swallow kerosene leads to lung disease. Kerosene had banned in 2003 for free import because kerosene fuel is an adulterant of diesel fuel.  

What is Diesel?  

Diesel is a liquid fuel generally used in diesel engines. Diesel comes out as fuel without any spark after the compression of the air mixture. Diesel Fuel requires a better compression inflammation characteristic. Chemical Composition of the Diesel requires 75 % of saturated hydrocarbons and 25 % of aromatic hydrocarbons. 

Paraffins, Cycloparaffins are the saturated hydrocarbons and Naphthalene’s, Alkylbenzenes are the aromatic hydrocarbons. At 32 degrees of Fahrenheit, the diesel liquid had extracted. The weight of the diesel fuel is 7.1 pounds at 16-degree Fahrenheit and 6.8 grams at 106-degrees Fahrenheit.  

The molecules of the diesel liquid consist of more hydrocarbons compared with kerosene fuel. Diesel fuel had extracted lately compared to kerosene fuel. Diesel Engines are used for road constructions, digging foundations, drilling wells and military tanks. 

Diesel fuel is less flammable and less unstable compared with other fuels. C12H23 is the chemical formula of Diesel fuel. Diesel engines are high range in performance and great energy. The safety measures of diesel engines are high in diesel fuel. Diesel fuel had distilled from crude oil. Diesel fuel available in white, red, green, blue in colours.  

Main Differences Between Kerosene and Diesel  

  1. Kerosene had derived from petroleum, where Diesel liquid had extracted and distilled from crude oil.  
  2. Kerosene consists of fewer hydrocarbons and boiling point, where Diesel fuel consists of a high number of hydrocarbons.  
  3. Kerosene had extracted primarily, and, later, the Diesel liquid had derived after the Kerosene fuel. 
  4. The chemical formula of the Kerosene is C12H26-C15H32, where the Chemical formula of the Diesel is C12H23.  
  5. Kerosene had used for cooking and aviation purposes. On the other hand, Diesel fuel had used for diesel engines.  

Conclusion  

Kerosene, known as paraffin, is a burnable hydrocarbon extracted from petroleum. Kerosene is one of the kinds of fuel used for burning purposes and aviation. C12H26-C15H32 is the chemical formula of kerosene fuel. Kerosene fuel had used in kerosene lamps, domestic furnaces, jet engine and solvent from greases, insecticides.  

Diesel is a liquid fuel generally used in diesel engines. Diesel comes out as fuel without any spark after the compression of the air mixture. Diesel Fuel requires a better compression inflammation characteristic. The chemical formula of the Diesel fuel is that C12H23. Diesel Engines had used in road constructions, digging foundations, drilling wells and military tanks. 

References

  1. https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlehtml/2002/cp/b110787a
  2. https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlehtml/2009/cp/b815400g
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