Religion and belief are one of the most sensitive topics all over the world. Christianity is the largest followed belief all over the world, with over 2 billion followers. Christianity has been further divided into forms of many churches or denominations. Two such denominations that exist are lutheran and presbyterian. They have quite a few similarities and differences on which they stand strong.
The follower of a German monk and old theologian Martin Luther is known as lutherans. Lutheran is one of the most vital denominations of the christen religion all over the world. The presbyterian is influenced by the teaching of Calvin. It is a church or denomination within a fold.
Lutheran vs Presbyterian
The difference between lutheran and presbyterian is that lutherans believe that accepting of holy communions states that one is accepting the real holy body of Christ himself, whereas the presbyterian belief in the fact that it is just a mere symbol of blood and bond of Christ.
Comparison Table Between Lutheran and Presbyterian
|Parameter of Comparison||Lutheran||Presbyterian|
|Follower||Lutherans are followers of a German monk and theologian Martin Luther.||Presbyterian is the followers of John Calvin.|
|Approach||They believe that Jesus died on the cross for everyone.||They believe that Jesus died for only a few chosen ones.|
|Belief||They believe in the fact of salvation by god.||They do not believe in the fact of salvation by god.|
|Faith||The lutherans have faith that only if you have faith in God you will be saved by him.||The presbyterian believe that God has already decided whom he wants to save rest will be damned.|
|Knowledge||Scriptures are used by the lutherans for the pure source of doctrine.||The presbyterian use scripture, as well as they, consider human reasons.|
What is Lutheran?
The follower of a German monk and theologian Martin Luther is known as lutherans. Martin Luther is also considered as the “father of the reformation”. Lutherans believe that the reason for Jesus to sacrifice his life on the cross, it was for forgiveness for all the sins people have committed. The sacrifice was for all the followers who have faith and belief towards him, also for all the people who will never have faith in him.
They preach about the unconditional love and unselfishness that God has towards all the people in the world, even for those who do not deliver his love. Lutherans believe that God has already chosen whom he wants he wants to save and whom he wants to allow to spend eternity. The lutherans believe that the sole way of interpreting and understanding the hold bible is through the gospel. It is believed by them that it is the heart of scripture.
Martin Luther was a catholic, he was annoyed by the beliefs and faiths in Christianity. He on the contrary believed on the holy bible. He stood against the practices preached by the roman catholic church.
What is Presbyterian?
The presbyterian is influenced by the thought of John Calvin. It is a church or a denotation with a fold. The term “presbyterian” is derived from the Greek presbyteros meaning “having elders ruling”, as the only form of church government that has a god. The current modern-day presbyterian church has its roots back to the 16th century during the protestant reformation with John Calvin being the most influential figure. The father figure of theology from France.
Presbyterian church teaches their members of the church that the sacrifices that have been made by Jesus at the cross were limited. According to presbyterian his death was only for the sins of the few chosen ones. They believe people who are destined to have faith in Christ and believe him are the sole ones to spend their eternity with him in heaven, the rest will be damned.
The presbyterian preach in the church about “double predestination” which states gods predestined everyone a justified place, regardless of the faith and belief. Whereas some are destined to be eternal by him and some are destined to be damned by him. According to the presbyterian everything is already predicated from beforehand. Man cannot do anything to save himself from what has already been predicted.
Main Differences Between Lutheran and Presbyterian
- The lutherans are the followers of a German monk and theologian Martin Luther. Whereas the presbyterian are the followers of John Calvin.
- The lutherans believe that Jesus died on the cross for all, he sacrificed his life for the sins of the people that they have committed it was for the follower as well as the people who did not follow him. However the presbyterian believe that Jesus sacrificed his life on the cross for few only chosen ones.
- The lutherans believe in the fact of salvation by god himself while presbyterian do not believe in the fact of salvation by god himself.
- The lutherans believe in the fact that only if you are a follower of God and believe in his ideologies he will only save you. While on the contrary the presbyterian believe that it has already been decided whom God wants to have his mercy on and whom he wants to punish so nothing now will lead to any changes to it.
- Scriptures are used by the lutherans for the pure source of doctrine whereas the presbyterian use scripture, as well as they, consider human reasons as their knowledge.
Two Christian beliefs have been contradicted a lot. Their beliefs and ideologies are quite contrary namely lutheran and presbyterian. They can be distinguished based on several parameters such as their followers, approach, belief, faith, and knowledge. They are two very different ideologies.
The followers of a German monk and theologian Martin Luther are known as lutheran. They believe in the theory that Jesus Christ sacrificed his life on the cross for all the sins of all human beings. The followers of John Calvin are known as presbyterian. They believe in the fact that Jesus sacrificed his life for only a few chosen ones. According to them, God has already decided on whom he wants to have mercy on and whom he wants to damn on and nothing can change that.
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