LS1 vs LT1: Difference and Comparison

LS1 and LT1 are small-block engines created by General Motors. They are deemed popular among automotive enthusiasts for their reliability and power.

LT-1 Chevrolet First Generation small block was the progeny of TURBO-FIRE small block V8. It had a Holley four-barrel carburetor and a power output of 255-370hp @ 5,600 RPM.

After that, the LT1 GM Second Generation small block was introduced in 1992. This engine had 350hp @ 5,700 RPM, a batch-fire fuel injection configuration, and features like reverse-flow cooling.

Key Takeaways

  1. LS1 and LT1 are both General Motors (GM) V8 engines, with the LS1 introduced in 1997 and the LT1 in 1992.
  2. The LS1 engine features an aluminium block and heads, providing lighter weight and improved heat dissipation compared to the LT1’s cast iron design.
  3. The LS1 utilizes a more advanced coil-on-plug ignition system, contributing to better performance and fuel efficiency than the LT1’s Opti-Spark ignition.

LS1 vs LT1

LS1 engine, designed of aluminum, features more advanced technology, including an electronic throttle control system, sequential fuel injection, and a more sophisticated engine control module (ECM), and is famous for better performance. LT1 engines are designed of an iron cast which ensures durability, makes the build heavier, and is not fuel efficient.

LS1 vs LT1

Due to its build, the LS1 engine is lightweight and thus has a better performance compared to LT-1. LS1 initially had a power output of 257-345hp and a torque output of 335-365 ft. /lb. after which it was upgraded to 390-400hp and 400 ft./lb.

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Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonLS1LT1
IntroducedLS1 was introduced in 1997 by General Motors.LT-1 first-generation small-block was introduced in 1970.
Horsepower ratingThe first-generation engine had 257-345 horsepower.LT-1 engine had a power output of 255-370 horsepower.
Torque rating335-365 ft. /lb.330 ft. /lb.
MaterialAluminum cylinder block (except for the truck engines built with cast iron).Cast iron cylinder block with aluminum cylinder heads.
Engine capacity5.7 liters5.665 liters
PerformanceLighter weight and better performance.Heavier build and lower performance when compared to LS1.
Fuel EfficiencyMore fuel-efficient than LT-1 as when there is not enough air to burn, the fuel fed to the engine will reduce.Lower fuel efficiency than LS1 as the fuel being fed always remains the same; the fuel that does not burn gets wasted.
PowerMore power than LT-1.Less power than LS1.
PriceMore expensive than LT-1 but cost-efficient.Cheaper than LS1.


What is LS1?

LS1 is a small block that was introduced by General Motors in 1997. The engine was an advanced version of its predecessor – LT1. The machine was made out of aluminum and had 6 bolt mains.

LS1 had a power output of 257-345hp and a crank fire distributor less ignition system with one coil per cylinder. Due to its build, the machine was light in weight and thus performed well.

Over the years, General Motors introduced newer versions of the LS1 small-block named LS2, LS3, LS4, LS5, LS6, LS7, LS8, and LS9. The newest version of the engine is LSA.

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It has a horsepower rate of 556. Other features include a compact 1.9-liter supercharger, hypereutectic pistons, and a different charge cooler design than its predecessor LS9.

Talking about the price, LS1 is more expensive than LT-1, but the performance is worth the cost. The small block is lighter, stronger, and has more power and better heat dissipation than the latter.


What is LT1?

LT1 was the first-generation small block with a power output of 225-370hp and a torque output of 330 ft./lb. The machine was made out of cast iron and had aluminum heads. This ensured strength, durability, and reliability. 

The engine featured a reverse-flow cooling system that its predecessor lacked. This system cooled the heads of the machine first, which in turn allowed a higher compression ratio and thus increased the engine’s power output.

Other features included four-bolt main caps, a forged aluminum piston, a baffled oil pan for reduced windage, a high-rise aluminum intake manifold, high-volume oil, fuel pumps, and a transistorized ignition system.

The latest of these engines is the General Motors Fifth Generation LT1, with an engine capacity of 6.2 liters. It features a cast-aluminum block, oil-spray piston cooling, and redesigned main caps.

Main Differences Between LS1 and LT1

  1. LS1 engines produce more power than LT1 engines.
  2. LS1 engines are more expensive than LT1 engines.

Last Updated : 11 June, 2023

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