Mammoth vs Mastodon: Difference and Comparison

Mammoths and Mastodons are two different species that belong to the Proboscidean family.

Although both species lived together in the ice age before the extinction of the mastodons, they have significantly distinct traits, which assure that they are not the same species.

Mammoths and Mastodons are different on several grounds, such as physical characteristics, height, weight, family of origin, habitat and the like. 

Key Takeaways

  1. Mammoths had a more slender build and long, curved tusks, while mastodons had a stockier build and straighter, more robust tusks.
  2. Mammoths lived in grasslands and tundras, while mastodons inhabited forests and wetlands.
  3. Mastodons had cone-shaped teeth for crushing vegetation, while mammoths had flat, ridged teeth for grinding grass.

Mammoth vs Mastodon 

Mammoths were large, woolly elephants that lived during the Ice Age. Mammoths had long, curved tusks that pointed upward, and their tusks could grow up to 15 feet long in some cases. Mastodons were also large prehistoric elephants but differed from mammoths in several ways. Mastodons had shorter, straighter tusks that pointed downward, and their tusks could grow up to 8 feet long in some cases.

Mammoth vs Mastodon
/10

Science Quiz

Test your knowledge about topics related to science

1 / 10

The hardest substance available on earth is

2 / 10

Potassium Permanganate is used for purifying drinking water, because

3 / 10

What is the PH of H2O?

4 / 10

Washing soda is the common name for

5 / 10

What is the scientific name of humans?

6 / 10

Which of the following gland is present in the human mouth?

7 / 10

After a chemical reaction, the properties of the products are __________.

8 / 10

Galvanised iron sheets have a coating of

9 / 10

Non-stick cooking utensils are coated with

10 / 10

What is the other name of Newton's first law of motion?

Your score is

0%

Mammoth refers to a species of the extinct genus Mammuthus. They belong to the family of Elephantidae.

A mammoth has long, curvy tusks, a short tail, large ears, and a high, peaked head;

The weight of a mammoth ranges from 5.4 to 13 tons, with a height of 8 to 12ft. In addition, mammoths were grazers with molars specially adapted for eating grass. 

Mastodons refer to a species of the extinct genus Mammut, belonging to the family of Mammutidae. A mastodon has long, curvy tusks, a long, hairy tail, small ears, and a low head.

The weight of a mastodon ranges from 5 to 8 tons, with a height of 7 to 8ft. In addition, mastodons were wood browsers with molars specially adapted for eating woody browse. 

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonMammothMastodon
Definition Mammoth refers to a species of the now-extinct genus Mammuthus.Mastodons refers to a species of the  now-extinct genus Mammut.
Lifespan60-80 years 60 years 
Weight5400 to 11790 kg 4535 to 7260 kg 
Height2.4 to 3.6 metres2.1 to 2.4 metres 
Tailshort long, hairy 
Earslargesmall
Headhigh, peaked long, low 
HabitatThe mammoth habitat was the Mammoth steppe, a landscape with rich herb and grass vegetationThe habitat of mastodons was a Forest dwelling, wherein the mastodon fed on sylvan vegetation. 
FamilyElephantidaeMammutidae

What is Mammoth?

Mammoth refers to a species of the extinct genus Mammuthus, first encountered in Africa about 5.1 million years ago. They belong to the family of Elephantidae.

A Mammoth, along with long, curvy tusks, a short tail, large ears, and a high, peaked head, had sparse to woolly fur. The weight of a mammoth range from 5.4 to 13 tons, with a height of 8 to 12ft.

In addition, mammoths were grazers with molars specially adapted for eating grass. 

The habitat of a mammoth is the Mammoth steppe, which is a periglacial landscape with grass vegetation and rich herb.

Mammoths, primarily inhabiting the northern, ice-covered regions, possessed fatty humps on their backs that endowed them with essential nutrients to survive in cold conditions.

They lived from the Pliocene epoch to the Holocene period on Earth. 

Mammoths had a life of 60-80 years. They first came into being discovered in Africa, Europe, Asia, and North America.

This species of organisms perished about 10,000 years ago. In addition, mammoths stand closer to present-day elephants in their appearance and constitution.

mammoth

What is Mastodon? 

Mastodons refer to a species of the extinct genus Mammut, discovered on the planet about 27 to 30 million years ago.

A mastodon with long, curvy tusks, a long, hairy tail, small ears, and a low, long head belongs to the family of Mammutidae.

The weight of a mastodon ranges from 5 to 8 tons, with a height of 7 to 8ft. In addition, mastodons were wood browsers with molars specially adapted for eating woody browse. 

The mastodons were native to North and Central America. The habitat of a mastodon is forest-dwelling, with mastodons feeding on sylvan vegetation.

They lived from the late Miocene to the Pleistocene period on Earth. Mastodons were shorter and stockier than mammoths.

Their name coincided with the shape of their teeth. Mastodon originates from Masto, that is, breast in Greek, and Odon is teeth in Greek. 

 Mastodons perished about 10,000 years ago. There are several reasons for their extinction.

However, the most significant reason was the mastodon’s inability to cope with the increasing temperatures. Hunting of these animal species was another reason for their extinction. 

mastodon

Main Differences Between Mammoth and Mastodon

  1. Mammoths refer to a species of the extinct genus Mammuthus. On the other hand, mastodons refer to a species of the extinct genus Mammut. 
  2. Mammoths belong to the family Elephantidae; mastodons belong to the family Mammutidae. 
  3.  A mammoth has a short tail, large ears, and a high, peaked head. In contrast, a mastodon has a long hairy tail, small ears, and a low, heightened head.
  4. The mammoth had a weight of 5.4 to 13 tons and a height of 8 to 12 ft. The mastodon had a weight of 5 to 8 tons and a height of 7 to 8ft. 
  5. Mammoths arose about 5.1 million years ago in Africa. In contrast, mastodons came into existence about 27 to 30 million years ago.
  6. The mammoth habitat is a Mammoth steppe-periglacial landscape with rich herb and grass vegetation. On the other hand, the habitat of a mastodon is a forest-dwelling, with mastodons feeding on sylvan vegetation.
Difference Between Mammoth and Mastodon
References
  1. https://www.ucpress.edu/book/9780520253193/mammoths 
  2. http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/bitstream/handle/2246/7179/guideleaflet043.pdf?sequence=1 

Last Updated : 04 August, 2023

dot 1
One request?

I’ve put so much effort writing this blog post to provide value to you. It’ll be very helpful for me, if you consider sharing it on social media or with your friends/family. SHARING IS ♥️

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Want to save this article for later? Click the heart in the bottom right corner to save to your own articles box!