Difference Between Cornmeal and Corn flour (With Table)

Cornmeal and corn flour are derived from the vegetable called corn. It is a starchy vegetable that is eaten in different ways. The difference between cornmeal and corn flour is that they differ in their texture. They are also used for different purposes. Both differ in their nutritional values, nutrients and carbohydrates.

Cornmeal vs Corn Flour

The difference between Cornmeal and corn flour is that they differ in their textures. They are taken from the same corn vegetable and are used for various cooking purposes. Corn flour is generally used to thicken soups and various dishes as it is a starch element. Cornmeal is very coarse as it is from the dried corn. 

Cornmeal is procured from the dried corn. It is eaten as a meal.it is also a staple food. People belonging to various cultures use cornmeal to make porridge. This cornmeal is called Polenta in Italy and Sadza in Zimbabwe. In Mexico, the cornmeal which is finely ground is called corn flour.

Corn flour has also been referred to as corn starch and maize starch. The endosperm present in the Kernel is where the starch is. Corn flour is used to thicken soups and sauces. It is a very common ingredient in the kitchen. It is also used to make corn syrup and various other sugars.

Comparison Table Between Cornmeal and Corn flour 

Parameters of ComparisonCornmealCornflour
CaloriesA hundred grams of cornmeal consumed has calories of 370A hundred grams of cornmeal consumed has calories of 381
Potassium For a hundred grams of cornmeal consumed, it has 142 milligrams of potassium.For every hundred grams of cornflour consumed it has 3 milligrams of potassium.
SodiumFor a hundred grams of cornmeal consumed, it has 7 milligrams of potassium.For every hundred grams of cornflour consumed it has 9 milligrams of sodium.
OriginIt is made from grounding the dried yellow corn.It is derived from the endosperm of the kernel.
Mostly used forCornmeal is mostly used to make porridge.Cornflour is used to thicken soups and sauces.

What is Cornmeal?

The yellow dried corn is ground to get cornmeal. It is grounded in coarse or medium and fine consistency, based on whatever you require. The cornmeal which is boiled is called Polenta in Italy. In Romania, this is a traditional dish and it is also used as a substitute for bread. 

The same cornmeal when grounded finely and obtained from maize is soaked in an alkaline solution such as lime water. This process is called nixtamalization. This is used to make areas, tortillas and tamales. This is also called “masa harina.” There are also various types of cornmeal.

From the blue corn, blue cornmeal is derived. It is violet or light blue. It has a sweet flavour to it. The yellow colour cornmeal which is steel ground is widely used in the United States. White cornmeal is used in Africa. In the Southern United States, white cornmeal is used to make cornbread.

Cornmeal is widely used in Jamaica as a break porridge. In East Asia, this porridge is consumed with pickles. Cornmeal is a good source of fiber and protein. It is rich in complex carbohydrates.

What is Corn flour?

Cornflour is the starch that is derived from corn or Maize. This starch is present in the endosperm of the Kernel. Cornflour is also called cornstarch and maize starch. It is not just a food ingredient but is used in industries such as adhesives and textile manufacturing.

It is used in paper products as an anti-sticking agent. It is used in the medical industry as well. For people who have glycogen storage disease, cornflour is used to supply glucose. Corn starch is in the consistency of a powder. It has protein, fats, potassium, vitamin A, and carbohydrates.

Corn starch is used as a thickening agent in the culinary industry such as soups, gravies and much more. In powdered sugar, it is used as an anticaking agent. It is also added to yoghurt and cheese in varying amounts. For non-culinary purposes, cornstarch is also included in baby powders.

The steeping process takes place from thirty to forty-eight hours. The corn is steeped which helps it to ferment. Here the starch will be separated from corn steep liquor and dried. This is called wet milling.

Main Differences Between Cornmeal and Corn flour

  1. Cornmeal and corn flour differ in their texture. Cornmeal is grounded coarsely or finely. Corn flour is more of a powdered consistency that is mixed with water to make a thick paste. Cornmeal is also finely grounded but it does not become starch like corn flour. Both the cornmeal and corn flour consistency also is different.
  2. Cornmeal is obtained from the dried corn. It is grounded according to the consistency of the dish’s requirements. It is also soaked in lime water and then it is utilized to make tortillas, tamales etc. Cornstarch is obtained from the starch of the Kernel present in corn. Because of its starchy ability, it is primarily used as a thickening agent.
  3. Cornmeal and cornstarch differ in their nutritional values and carbs. For a hundred grams of cornmeal, it is 370 calories and for a hundred grams of cornstarch, it is 381 calories. Cornmeal porridge is rich in fiber, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin and iron.
  4. Cornstarch is used for culinary purposes to thicken sauces and in non-culinary purposes as adhesive. But cornmeal is only a culinary ingredient.
  5. Cornstarch is used in medical fields but cornmeal is not utilized there.

Conclusion

Cornmeal and cornstarch are procured from the same vegetable, corn. Both have different purposes and are also utilized differently. Cornmeal is a staple food and it is widely used in the United States. Cornmeal can be found Coarse and gritty whereas cornstarch is a fine powder. Polenta and Grits are famous dishes made with cornmeal.

Cornstarch makes the dishes smooth and thick. It is used in gravies, soups, like deodorants, dry shampoo, matte nail polish, help prevent athlete’s foot and so much more. Cornmeal can be used to make cornbread, cornmeal pancakes, cornbread scones and so much more. Both these ingredients, cornmeal and cornstarch, are versatile and are utilized for an array of purposes.

References

  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc4260129/
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc4260132/
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