Difference Between Metro and Train

Metro and Train are the two-mode of transportation that is used by the public for migrating from one place to another. A Metro is a new model concept in which people travel for a short distance in less time, while Trains are, used for long-distance traveling.


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Trains generally have higher seating capacity than the metros.

Metro vs Train

The difference between Metro and Train is in their traveling capacity and time duration taken for the journey. Metro is a faster mode of travel for a shorter distance. On the other hand, trains are the mode of travel for long distances which usually takes more time than the metro journey.

Metro vs Train

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The concept of the Metro was introduced to tackle the traffic on roads which is increasing day by day and making it hard to travel for short distances. It was also introduced to reduce the pollution produced by vehicles.

Metro is an eco-friendly train that runs on electricity. It is the fastest way to travel for short distances in any city.

Trains are, for the most part, utilized for long-distance journeys. It has both the choice of seating as well as sleeper class for the travelers.

Normally, for completing 200 to 300km, it requires six to seven hours. The speed of trains is normally in the range of 120 to 150 km/h, thus increasing the time of traveling.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonMetro Train
Speed Speed is generally higher. Trains have a lower speed compared to the Metros. 
CapacityMetro is having a low capacity to transport people. Trains that have a higher capacity to transport people.
Ticket FareTicket fare is generally less.Trains have a higher ticket fare for long-distance journeys.
Power Metros are powered by electricity which makes them eco-friendly to nature.Trains are mainly powered by diesel engines as well as electric-powered engines.
Noise Pollution Metros, while running does, not make any sound that makes them free to create noise pollution.Trains while running make a lot of noise which creates noise pollution.

What is Metro?

Metro trains are the new era concept developed by many countries to tackle the pollution created by vehicles and traffic caused by them. It is one of the fastest ways to travel within the city for a short distance.

Metro trains are generally high-speed trains that are powered by the electricity grid. A usual metro train will have four to five coaches, and all the coaches are air-conditioned. 

As the coaches are air-conditioned, therefore people prefer metros during the harsh summer climate.

The fare price is generally affordable for any person. Usually, these trains have a different segment of routes which can go up to 50-60km within a city.

Metros have the stations after every three to four minutes. Thus, the no of stations increases concerning the distance covered.

All the metro trains have only the seating capacity with modern lighting and power switches inside a train. These trains run over the bridge that is purely constructed for the metro operation.

The route map is planned in such a way that it connects almost all the parts of the city with the center one. For example, to connect the different parts of cities to the center one, it will usually have four to five routes.

What is Train?

A train is an older mode of transport used by people to travel from one place to another. It is used by the public for the long-distance journey from one city to the other. 

As the technology is updating day by day, thus as of today trains also have various versions like Bullet trains, High-Speed Rail, etc.

A casual train will run at the speed of 120-150km/h, which is considered a slow speed. Thus, it takes more time to cover a distance. 

One of the foremost advantages of trains is that it has more power to migrate people from one place to another as compared to the metros.

It can have seating as well as sleeper class depending upon how far is the destination. While traveling via train, the passenger has the option to choose the food.

These trains have one pantry car where the fresh food is baked for the passengers.

The length of these trains is generally long as it can have the coaches from 15 to 20 in a single train. Thus for boarding and departure, the train needs a longer platform.

The ticket fare is calculated on the no of kilometers the passenger is traveling. But for the most time, it is higher than the metro fare.

Main Differences Between Metro and Train

  1. A metro is used by people for short-distance traveling within a city, whereas trains are used for long-distance journeys from one place to another.
  2. The fare price is generally low in the metros as, compared to the trains which have a higher price for the journey, as the duration of the journey is much higher in trains.
  3. The number of coaches that are connected in the Metro is up to 5 to 6 coaches, while the train has 15-20 coaches.
  4. Metro is eco-friendly to nature as it does not create any pollution to the environment, whereas trains powered by diesel engines create massive air pollution.
  5. Metro does not create any noise pollution while they are operating, whereas trains running on either diesel or electricity produce a lot of noise while they are running.
  6. A metro train has all the air-conditioned coaches, while the train consists of a mixed combination, i.e., some coaches will be air-conditioned, and some will be not.
Metro vs Train – Difference Between Metro and Train
  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0967070X15300822
  2. http://www.clg-roquepertuse.ac-aix-marseille.fr/spip/sites/www.clg-roquepertuse/spip/IMG/pdf/different_trains_steve_reich-2.pdf
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