Difference Between Bullet Train and Normal Train

Trains have been a famous method of transportation for a long time. The primitive steam train to normal train and then to the Bullet Trains. The primary function of trains is to migrate people from one place to another in a dedicated time. Normal Trains are most popularly used by the people as compared to the Bullet trains.

Bullet Train vs Normal Train

The main difference between Bullet Trains and Normal trains is about their speed. Usually, the normal trains run at 120-160Km/hr, whereas Bullet Trains are usually high-speed trains that run on 250-280Km/hr. Bullet trains are more luxurious and costlier than Normal Trains. There are very few countries where Bullet Trains are in operations currently.

Bullet Train and Normal Train

Trains that move at a speed of 250 Kmph or above are referred to as Bullet Trains. Usually, these trains have a design like an aerodynamic to cut the air when they move at high speed, which is essential for high-speed trains. Bullet Trains are luxurious and costly and can cover a large distance in a very short time.

The trains that run on the normal tracks and have a speed of around 160 Kmph, and for some situations, a speed of 180kmph is referred to as the Normal Trains. These trains are widely used in every country as their main transportation for large distances. They are cheap as compared to the Bullet Trains.

Comparison Table Between Bullet Train and Normal Train

Parameters of ComparisionBullet TrainNormal Train
Speed 250 to 280 Kmph150 to 180 Kmph
Ticket PriceCostly Cheaper
Length They are small with 4-5 CoachesThey are long with 20-25 Coaches
Infrastructure Only Seating with Chair car Both Seating and Sleeper
StoppagesNormally 1 to 2 stops only Stops can range from 15-20 depending on the distance how far the train is traveling

What is Bullet Train?

Bullet Trains sometimes referred to as the High-Speed Rail, is a sort of rail transport that runs altogether quicker than other rail traffic.

These trains run on a highly specialized track known as high-speed tracks, which are only preferred for trains speeding up to 250+ Kmphr.

Bullet trains are highly advanced technology. They get their name from their design like a bullet which is basically an aerodynamic design that is preferred for high speed.

These trains have two engines, one at the front and the other at the backward. Once the train reaches the station, there is no changing of engines. To move in the opposite direction, the driver sits in the back engine, which moves the train in the opposite direction.

Bullet Trains are usually preferred for long distances as they can cover a large distance in a small time frame. Due to its advanced technology, the price of the fare is usually high as compared to the Normal Trains.

Bullet Trains are not functioning in all the countries as they require a different track as compared to the Normal Trains. These trains have luxurious seating chairs which provide the customers a relief when the train is running at its high speed. The trains usually have a belt on every seat, like an airplane which is used to buckle the person when it is starting as it gives a small jerk once it starts.

What is Normal Train?

Normal Trains are usually in use for a long time since the trains running on Steam Engines have stopped. Almost all the countries in the world have this type of transportation for their people.

These trains run at a speed of 150-180Kmph, hence as their low speed, it takes more time as compared to the Bullet Trains for covering the distance.

Normal Trains uses a normal track for running, which is called a broad gauge. These tracks are not preferable for speeds like 250Kmphr. These trains have a moderate infrastructure. Also, they have a sleeper class and chair car both for traveling as compared to the Bullet trains, which have only chair cars.

Traveling in these trains is usually tough, as only some coaches have the AC facility whereas the other coaches are window one. Normal Trains at a time can migrate 1000+ people at a time to different places.

As these trains run at a slow speed because it has many stations, If the distance is very long, it can have 15-20 stations which increase the time for traveling. Engines in these trains get power from either Diesel or Electric, depending on the area where the train is departing.

Main Differences Between Bullet Train and Normal Train

  1. Bullet Trains run at a speed of 250+Kmphr whereas Normal trains are usually slow and run at a speed of 150Kmphr
  2. Normal Trains are equipped with both Sleeper and Chair Car classes, whereas Bullet Trains, due to their high speed, are equipped only with Chair Car.
  3. Bullet Trains are fully air-conditioned as compared to the Normal Trains in a while. Only a few coaches are air-conditioned.
  4. The fare price of Bullet Trains is way high as compared to the Normal Trains.
  5. At a time, Bullet Train can migrate fewer people as compared to the Normal Trains as Bullet Trains have fewer coaches (4-5) than to Normal Trains, which has 20-25 coaches at a time.


Each day as traveling by air is becoming less expensive due to which airlines are crowded and thus the second mode of travel trains. 

When coming to trains, it can be Normal or Bullet Trains depending on the distance and fare how much it is charged. Bullet trains always travel for a long distance as they have the power of running at high speed, which is usually 250+ Kmphr, whereas Normal Trains can also travel for long distances, but they usually run at low-speed 15kmphr with many stoppages in between.

This gives the idea about the fare that Bullet trains have high fare as compared to the Normal trains. Also, Bullet trains are equipped only with the chair car as compared to the Normal trains equipped with both sleeper and chair car.


  1. https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/mono/10.4324/9780203180389/shinkansen-christopher-hood
  2. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/4381563/
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