Difference between OCD and OCPD (With Table)

Despite the fact that OCD and OCPD are often quite comparable and have almost identical full-forms, they are not the same. Both conditions, on the other hand, have a distinct capacity to cause discomfort since they interfere with a person’s ideas, emotions, and behaviors.

Learning the features and distinctions between OCPD and OCD might assist someone with one of these illnesses to help us understand their situation. A person can locate the greatest therapies accessible with this knowledge. As a result, this page employs a comparison table and different points to highlight the minor but significant distinctions between the two diseases.

OCD vs OCPD

The difference between OCD and OCPD is that OCD stands for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and it is a singular symptomatic disorder, meaning; it can be classified and treated with some precisely particular medical steps. OCD is more like a phobia and less like a psychological complexity. Whereas, OCPD aka Obsessive Compulsive Disorder deals with two disorders occurring simultaneously, the general OCD and Personality disorder. OCPD is far more complex and difficult to treat when compared to traditional OCD which differs from different points of intensities.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a form of anxiety. It’s an anxiety condition in which a person has a recurring fixation and urge. An individual with OCD becomes stuck in a cycle of thoughts and is concerned with painful and meaningless actions that are difficult to escape. If OCD is not addressed, it can have a negative impact on a patient’s ability to function in his everyday life.

OCD was always thought to be an uncommon condition, but according to a survey performed by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), two percent of the total population is afflicted. It’s on par with other mental disorders like schizophrenia or bipolar disorder in terms of prevalence.

OCPD on the other hand stands for Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. It is a psychiatric syndrome in which a person has a strong desire for order, completeness, and mental and social control.
People suffering from the disorder have a compulsive urge to obey guidelines and restrictions, as well as a moral or ethical standard from which they might not stray. To put it another way, they believe they are always correct.

Having OCPD might make it difficult for a person to relate to others. While people with this illness may frequently create positive change if they seek therapy, they seldom realize they have a problem, therefore it goes untreated.

Comparison table Between OCD and OCPD

Parameters of ComparisonOCDOCPD
Full Form Obsessive Compulsive DisorderObsessive Compulsive personality Disorder
SymptomsCompulsive urges and immense obsession towards frequently normal tasks like washing hands, cleaning floors and writing on walls etc.The nature and personality of the patient revolves around strictness, punctuality and obsessions towards perfection.
Ratio and StatsApproximately 2% of the total world population are affected by OCD.Between 5-7% of the total world population has OCPD.
Age Group8-12 years of age usually starts emitting the onset of OCD.Early 20s to late 50s usually shows the symptoms of OCPD
TreatmentMedical assistance and psychological therapies.Psychological treatment and therapies.

What is OCD?

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental illness in which patients experience recurrent, unwelcome feelings, ideas, or impulses (obsessions) that make individuals feel compelled to do something again and over again (compulsions). Washing hands, Germophobia, checking on items, and cleaning are examples of repeated habits that can severely disrupt a person’s everyday tasks and human activities.

Many individuals who do not have OCD have disturbing thoughts or actions. These habits and attitudes often mess with the patient’s social life and hence, it affects their lifestyle and living indirectly. OCD patients are sometimes hard to deal with and therefore professional care is always recommended. Not engaging in the actions creates a lot of grief.

Many OCD patients come to realize tat the urges and compulsiveness they hold is unrealistic, yet recovering from the subconscious habits is a very difficult process. Individuals with OCD have trouble disconnecting from intrusive thoughts or ceasing compulsive tendencies, even when they are aware that their preoccupations are unrealistic.

Preoccupations and obsessions are difficult to manage. For instance, a person may be obsessed with the idea that his hands are unclean and that he’ll have to wash himself every time this thought flashed in his brain. As a result of the preoccupation, the individual engages in compulsions, which are recurrent actions. Cleansing, measuring, checking, rehearsing, and collecting are all frequent impulses that an early OCD patient often practices.

What is OCPD?

Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder is a compulsively intense psychological disorder. It’s a behavioral condition characterized by a preoccupation with rules, structure, and perfectionism. When a person’s habits become chronic and debilitating, OCPD might be diagnosed. When an individual with OCPD loses control, he is frequently agitated.

In certain cases, the individual feels enraged or emotionally withdraws. For those with OCPD, expressing their feelings might be challenging. Fixations are unwanted urges, thoughts, ideas, or pictures. Compulsions are repetitive actions that a person feels compelled to engage in. Asking, cleansing, analyzing, and symmetry are all frequent compulsions.

People with OCPD might sometimes find it tough to interact with others, and their obsession with perfectionism and strict control can create difficulties to operate. Obsessive-compulsive disorder is not at all like OCPD. OCD is classified in its group of psychological illnesses termed “Overly obsessed and Associated Disorders” in the “Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5).”

Hereditary, ecological, and dynamic variables all have a role in the development of OCPD. These variable elements include the subconsciously chosen approach of the person to deal with their unique blend of genetic characteristics and familial environment. And, hence pinpointing a definite source or root of this disorder is difficult in some cases.

Main Differences between OCD and OCPD

  1. OCD stands for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder whereas OCPD stands for Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder.
  2. Obsessiveness and compulsive urges are symptoms of OCD but in OCPD, the patient has none of these symptoms, instead, he/she thinks about perfection and flawlessness every time.
  3. OCD symptoms can reduce from long treatment regimes whereas OCPD starts affecting the patient’s personality permanently which is usually irreversible even with treatment.
  4. OCD can be cured using medical treatments whereas OCPD can never be cured but it can be minimized by psychological therapy and routine confession chamber visits.
  5. OCD can sometimes be minute and affects the person’s psychological health whereas OCPD physically and mentally tires down the patient along with permanent degradation in logical thinking abilities.

Conclusion

Even if they are unable to regulate their behaviors or thoughts, people with OCD frequently feel troubled by them. Individuals with OCPD, on the other hand, frequently think that their activities have meaning. As a result, people suffering from OCPD may be hesitant to seek medical help.

In certain cases, the characteristics of OCPD can even lead to success—for example, someone that is extremely committed to their profession and meticulous around every detail may experience advantages at business, even if they are failing in other aspects of their life. Both the disorders, however, require medical attention and professional help to help gain their normal social lives back.

References

  1. https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/ocd/what-is-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
  2. https://www.chegg.com/flashcards/psych-exam-4-3f6d40cf-9a44-45dd-ab44-a403acf90245/deck
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