OGG vs MP3
There are many types of files such as audio files, video files, image files, document files, etc. Each of these files have a different format like audio can be in WAV, MPP3, OGG, AIFF, etc. OGG and MP3 formats are lossy audio formats since they use the lossy technique to filter the audio ranges that the human ear cannot hear.
OGG Vorbis is an open source audio format with a better sound quality, it supports open audio encoding. One of the most important advantages of it is that the developers claim that it is not bound by the patent done by developers.
MP3 is also an open source lossy audio format, it is an open source format but, in some cases,, the developers charge royalties for using this format. It is a proprietary audio media encoding format.
The difference between OGG Vorbis and MP3 format is that OGG is an open source format that supports two to 256 channels with a better sound quality and smaller compressed file while MP3 is an open source format that can support two discrete channels, it also supports joint stereo, however, is has inferior sound quality.
Comparison Table Between OGG and MP3
|Parameter of Comparison||OGG||MP3|
|Support||OGG Vorbis supports a minimum of two channels and a maximum of 256 channels.||MP3 supports two discrete channels, it also supports joint stereo.|
|Sound quality||OGG Vorbis has better sound quality.||MP3 has an inferior sound quality than OGG.|
|Compressed file||The compressed file of the OGG Vorbis format is smaller in size.||The compressed file of the MP3 format is larger than that of the OGG format.|
|Compression bit rate||The bit rate of compression in OGG Vorbis is variable, it changes according to the need of the file.||The bit rate of compression in the MP3 format is always constant.|
|Source||OGG Vorbis is an open source format.||MP3 format is also an open source format, however, sometimes it is in constraint because of the patent.|
What is the OGG format?
One of the formats of audio files is the OGG format. OGG format was developed and maintained by the Xiph.Org foundation. The word OGG is derived from the word “ogging” which was taken from the game Netrek which means doing things forcefully without taking into consideration the future resources.
OGG is a lossy audio format, therefore, some data from the original file gets lost. OGG Vorbis format supports two to 256 channels, the compressed file of the OGG format is smaller in size and therefore it is easier to share them through channels that have a certain limit of sharing files. The bit rate of compression in OGG Vorbis format varies according to the requirement of the file.
Encoding in OGG format has a speed of 192kbps. It is a kind of container format that is free of cost for everyone. It has a container for Vorbis, Theora, Speex, Opus, etc. It has a better quality of sound as compared to the MP3 format. It has extensions .Ogg, .ogv, .oga, .ogx, .opus, etc.
The OGG format began as a simple audio compression format. The initial OGG format was meant only for coding and decoding of multimedia content, however, later it was made free of cost to use by anyone.
What is the MP3 format?
A format for coding digital audios is an MP3 format. It stands for MPEG-1 Audio Layer lll, a successor of MPEG-1, was referred to as a third audio format of it. The MP3 format was developed by Thompson Multimedia and Fraunhofer Gesellschaft.
MP3 is a lossy audio format, that is, some of the data which is inaudible to the human ear is lost during filtering. It is capable of supporting two discrete channels, it also supports joint stereos. The compressed file in MP3 format is larger than the one in OGG format and therefore it is difficult to share. The bit rate of compression in MP3 format is fixed or contact, that is, it does not vary according to the file.
Encoding in MP3 format takes place with a speed of 128kbps. It supports .mp3, and .bit( before 1995) extensions. It has a very normal sound quality which is inferior to the sound of OGG format. MP3 claims that it is an open source format, however, sometimes it is chargeable. MP3 despite its large file size is the more preferred format, it is a commonly used format for general files.
Main Differences Between OGG and MP3
- Xiph.org foundation developed the OGG Vorbis format while Thompson Multimedia and Fraunhofer Gesellschaft developed the MP3 format.
- Both are open source formats but MP3 is sometimes bound by the parent of the developers.
- OGG is a format that supports open audio encoding while MP3 is a proprietary encoding format.
- Encoding in OGG Vorbis format takes place with a speed of 192kbps while in MP3 format encoding speed is 128kbps, therefore on the encoding front OGG is better than MP3.
- OGG Vorbis supports a minimum of two channels and a maximum of 256 channels while MP3 format supports two discrete channels, it also supports joint stereo.
- OGG Vorbis has better sound quality than MP3.
- The compressed file in OGG Vorbis format is smaller than the compressed file of the MP3 format.
- The bit rate of compression in OGG format varies according to the requirement of the file while the bit rate of compression is constant in MP3 format.
- MP3 is a more popular and more widely used format than OGG.
Both formats have their advantages and disadvantages, however, the use of MP3 format is recommended over OGG format. MP3 being more popular than OGG is widely used in audio players while nowadays, the game industry prefers OGG format.