Pizza vs Pasta – What are the differences?

Italian cuisine is very famous in the world. There is a list of Italian dishes that are very popular. Italian cuisine comes from the Mediterranean region. It consists of various kinds of ingredients, recipes, cooking techniques that have been used in Italy since the ancient time of Rome.

With Italian dishes consisting of tomatoes, capsicum, maize, potatoes, beet, etc., it spread to the whole world. The speciality of Italian cuisine is that it is known for its simple ingredients and great taste. It has affected several cuisines in the world, especially in America. Pizza and Pasta are a part of Italian cuisine.

Pizza vs Pasta

The main difference between Pizza and Pasta is the ingredients used to prepare them. Pizza consists of ingredients like cheese, sauce, dough, vegetables etc. On the other hand, Pasta consists of ingredients like Drum wheat flour, rice flour, eggs, beans etc. Pizza comes under the category of flatbread. While Pasta is a staple food that can become an ingredient in many types of food.

Pizza and Pasta

Pizza comes from Italian cuisine. It belongs to the region of Campania (Naples). Pizza is of round shape that is a type of flatbread. Its base layer is made up of wheat flour dough, and then toppings of various vegetables like tomatoes, cheese, mushrooms, olives, onions, olives, meat, pineapple, anchovies etc., is added. Then it is cooked at a very high temperature. Traditionally pizzas were cooked in a wooden-brick oven. In Italy, Pizza is served without cutting it into pieces. It is eaten with knives and forks.

Pasta also belongs to Italian cuisine. It consists of wheat flour that is mixed with water, eggs or instead of wheat flour, rice flour can also be used. The shape of Pasta is very different, like twisted, straight etc. Pasta is cooked in boiling water or baked in an oven. It is a staple food of Italy. To make it more interesting, it comes in different flavours and tastes. It has an alternative of gluten-free as well. Pasta is made from a machine that makes it cost-effective.

Comparison Table Between Pizza and Pasta

Parameters of ComparisonPizzaPasta
TypeFlatbreadStaple Food
IngredientsDough, tomatoes, mushrooms, cheese, sauce, meat, etc.Wheat Flour, eggs, water, etc.
ShapeRoundVarious kinds
VariationCalzone, stromboli, panzerotti.Rice flour pasta, egg pasta, legume pasta.
Preparation Time25-30 minutes10-15 minutes
Shelf LifeFresh or Frozen1 year
Nutritional ValueHigher in carbs, Fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals, etc.Lesser in fat, potassium, iron, zinc, calcium, and sodium

What is Pizza?

The term ‘Pizza’ first appeared in 997 AD in Byzantine Empire. Various foods that are the same, like Pizza, has been prepared by the people since Neolithic Age. Modern-day Pizza evolved from Naples, a region in Italy in the 18th or 19th century. The most popular pizza, i.e. Margherita, was invented in 1889. Pizzas spread quickly around the globe. It was brought to the United States by an Italian immigrant in the 19th century. Pizza is sold fresh. It takes a lot of time to prepare it. Because dough needs to be kneaded 12 hours before.

It is also sold frozen. In Italy, it is served as whole without unsliced. It is served in portions as well as it is easy to eat them with hands. Traditionally Pizzas are prepared in the fire brick ovens. But now it is being prepared in an electric oven or conveyor belt. The bottom of the Pizza is called Crust, varies from thin to thick to hand-tossed to filled with cheese.

The cheese used in Pizza is mostly Mozarella. Varieties of Pizza include Hawaiin Pizza, Clam Pie, Pizza capricciosa, Pizza marinara, seafood Pizza etc. Styles of Pizza include Calzone, Deep-fried Pizza, Chicago-style Pizza, Greek, New York-style, Jumbo, Pizzetta etc. A person who makes Pizza is called pizzaiolo.

What is Pasta? 

Pasta is of Italian origin. It has been made there since the 13th and 14th centuries. Pasta became very famous in Italy in the 15th century because it was very easy to store them. The pasta was carried away in the sea with the sailors who went for the exploration of the New World. In the 16th century, Pasta was introduced to the world. Tomatoes were added to the pasta in Italy during the 17th and 18th centuries. Then Italy became the hub for manufacturing Pasta. Kneading machines were brought that made pasta making easier and cheaper.

The first factory of Pasta was also established in Venice. In the modern era, Pasta making has become an art. A lot of dedication, hard work and devotion was given to make it what we have now. Pasta is so much eaten in Italy that it is produced more than wheat. In the whole world, Italians consume pasta averagely of 27 kg in a year. Basic Pasta consists of wheat flour or semolina. Variations include rice flour, gluten-free, adding vegetable purees such as spinach or tomato, mushrooms, cheeses, herbs, spices and other seasonings etc.

Pasta is available in different shapes and sizes i.e. long pasta, short pasta, fresh pasta, twisted pasta, egg pasta, baked pasta etc. It is divided into two types one is dried, and the other is fresh. Fresh Pasta is made from local ingredients. Dried Pasta is made commercially in the factories. Both have more than 310 variants. Pasta is usually served with sauce like white or red sauce.

Main Differences Between Pizza and Pasta

  1. Pizza is a type of Flatbread. Pasta is a staple food.
  2. Ingredients used in Pizza are Dough, tomatoes, mushrooms, cheese, sauce, meat etc. Ingredients included in Pasta are Wheat Flour, eggs, water etc.
  3. Pizza comes in a round shape. Pasta has various shapes and sizes.
  4. Variations of Pizza include Calzone, panzerotti, stromboli, Greek Pizza, Jumbo Pizza etc. Variations of Pasta include Rice flour pasta, legume pasta, egg pasta, short pasta etc.
  5. The preparation time for Pizza is 25 to 30 minutes. The dough of the Pizza should be kneaded at least 12-24 hours before. The preparation time for Pasta is very quick i.e. 10 to 12 minutes.
  6. The shelf Life of Pizza depends upon the type, whether it is fresh or frozen. Fresh has to be consumed within a day. Frozen Pizzas can survive for 2-3 months. Shelf Life of Pasta is very long i.e. at least for one year.
  7. The nutritional value of Pizza is that it is high in calories, carbs, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals etc. The nutritional value of Pasta is that it is less in fat, potassium, iron, zinc, calcium and sodium.

Conclusion

Both Pizza and Pasta belong to Italian cuisine. Both are very famous all over the world. Both are served with sauces, i.e., Pizza sauce and Pasta sauce. Pizza is cooked at a high temperature in the oven. While Pasta is boiled in water. Pasta is made from a pasta machine. Pizza is prepared from the dough. Pasta is easy to prepare and takes less time. Pasta is very cheaper compared to Pizza. Pasta is more versatile than Pizza.

Pizza is rich in calories, proteins and fats. Depending upon the number of toppings, it can become much more unhealthy. Pizza is a customizable dish meaning that it can be made in a homemade style to make it more healthy. It is included in the keto diet. Both Pizza and Pasta can be included in a vegan diet. Gluten-free Pasta and Pizza can be used as an alternative.

References

  1. https://journals.physiology.org/doi/abs/10.1152/advan.00044.2005
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308521X1000034X
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