Jewellery is a decorative item that is used for aesthetic purposes and personal use. It can be worn on the body or can be attached to the clothes. Jewellery includes necklaces, earrings, pendants, bracelets, brooches, rings, and cufflinks. Jewellery can be of any kind ranging from metals to gold to shells to gemstones. For thousands of years, jewellery has been worn and used by mankind. The oldest known jewellery was dated back to 1 lakh years ago, made up of Nassarius shells. Polki and Kundan are the traditional jewellery of India which signifies royalty and beauty.
Polki vs Kundan
The difference between Polki and Kundan is that Polki is a piece of jewellery that is made up of uncut diamonds. It is not so polished and shiny as Kundan jewellery. Kundan is a piece of bridal and traditional jewellery consisting of many precious stones. Polki does not require much craftsmanship. But Kundan jewellery needs to be finished of premium quality.
Polki Jewellery is used in its natural form. It is made from unfinished and uncut diamonds without any changes done to the stone-like polishing or further craftsmanship. Uncut diamonds used in polki is given a basic cut and little polish. The content of gold and diamond is higher in Polki jewellery because not much of it is cut. So its price is higher than the Kundan jewellery. It is very heavy jewellery to be worn because of the weight of diamonds and gold.
Kundan Jewellery is created using the refined gold of 24 carats. It also consists of different types of gemstones and glass. It takes a lot of time to make Kundan jewellery because the process is very intense and hard. Kundan jewellery is very elaborative, as one can find layers underneath. Both semi-precious and precious stones can be used in Kundan jewellery. A lot of artificial Kundan jewellery is also available that won’t be so expensive.
Comparison Table Between Polki and Kundan
|Parameters of Comparison||Polki||Kundan|
|Composition||Uncut diamonds||Glass and gemstones|
|Price||More expensive||Less expensive|
|Making||Gold foils are used||Gold stripes are used|
|Content||Gold and Diamond is higher||Gold and Diamond is lower.|
What is Polki?
Polki is natural jewellery where diamonds are used in their pure and raw form. They are created from unfinished diamonds. No lab or chemical treatment is done on Polkis. Because if it is done, then it would look like any other shiny jewellery. The colour of Polki jewellery is rustic because of no chemical process. They are created using gold foils, and the uncut diamond is placed inside the foil. The design of Polki is very intricate at the back.
Because of uncut diamonds, gold and diamond content is higher in Polki as compared to Kundan jewellery. Polkis can be referred to as the old charm where other bright stones go very well with it. Polki jewellery plays an important role as it is passed down to the generations. It becomes an heirloom for the family. Polki Jewellery is a piece of traditional Indian jewellery that signifies royalty since time immemorial.
It has various designs and goes with the trend. If you want to buy authentic Polki jewellery, then it can be purchased at Rajasthan and in Gujarat. It is very difficult to find artificial Polki jewellery. Polki jewellery had a great demand in the market. It is also very heavier and expensive than Kundan jewellery. It can take up to 2-3 months to complete Polki jewellery.
What is Kundan?
Kundan is made from glass stones. It is very famous for bridal jewellery. It is also traditional jewellery of Rajasthan. Diamonds are not used in making Kundan jewellery, whether it is uncut or cut. Gemstones and glass stones are used, which is then placed in gold or silver. Because of this, Kundan jewellery looks very much similar to Polkis and Jadau. Precious Metals are used in the making of Kundan.
A lot of intricate work is done in Kundan jewellery. So it takes a lot of time to make it. Kundan jewellery has always been one of the most popular choices of brides to be in India. It is not very expensive as Polki jewellery. The weight of Kundan jewellery is very much lighter in comparison with Polki. The word ‘Kundan means that it is pure and made up of 24 K refined gold. Gold is beaten to give it any desirable shape according to its stone setting and design.
Gold stripes are used in the making of Kundan, so the amount or content of gold is very minimal. It is one of the oldest forms of jewellery. It was brought to India by Persians and Mughals. Kundan got its prominence as Mughals flourished. Then it was brought on by royal families, and since then, it has poured down into different sections of the society. The three most important steps in making Kundan are Paadh or Gadhayi, Khudyai and Meenakari. These three processes are done using 22k gold. 24K gold is used in Jadayi and Chillai.
Main Differences Between Polki and Kundan
- Polki is made from natural, uncut diamonds that is pure and raw. It is slightly polished. Kundan is made up of glass stones and gemstones, including rubies, emeralds, sapphires etc.
- Polki is more expensive than Kundan jewellery. Kundan is less expensive than Polki jewellery.
- Gold foils are used at the back of Polki. It is not treated with any chemicals. Gold stripes are used to shape the stone according to a desirable shape. Heat is also used.
- The content of Gold and Diamond is higher in Polki. The content of Gold and Diamond is lower.
- The weight of Polki is heavier. The weight of Kundan is lighter than Polki.
- Polki has a lustrous shine. Kundan has a polished shine.
- The demand for polki is higher in the market in comparison with Kundan.
Both Poli and Kundan are traditional jewellery and symbolizes royalty as it was brought by the Mughals. Both are most commonly found in Rajasthan and Gujarat as it is a hub of these two. Both the pieces of jewellery are very popular among the brides as it is bridal jewellery. Both have the same manufacturing process, but the ned product is different. It is very easy to find original and artificial Kundan jewellery in the market. But artificial Polki jewellery is very difficult to find as it is made from uncut diamonds. Both the jewellery can be found in the latest designs and patterns according to the trend. It completely depends upon the brides to be to choose any of them.