Difference Between Priest and Levite

According to ancient Israel culture, the priest helps people connect to god and acts as a messenger between people on earth and god in heaven.

Levite is a tribe of the community of men who are educated and devotees of God. Levite is usually a man according to the ancient Israel culture. They perform different duties in the service of God.

Comparison Table Between Priest and Levite

Parameters of ComparisonPriestLevite
PositionHe occupies a higher position than the Levite. He occupies a lower position than the priest.
PermissionHe has the permission of entering any holy place without any restriction. He does not have the permission of entering a holy place.
Sacrifices He is one responsible for making sacrifices for all the people and himself.He does not perform any such sacrifice on behalf of the people.
CriteriaCertain criteria need to be fulfilled in order to become a priest.It is more of an inborn status one can possess.
Religious Activities He performs all the activities inside the temple.They are responsible for the functioning of the temple

What is Priest?

A priest is a man who helps people reach and contact god. A priest existed and played a role in god’s worship since ancient times.

The priest is chosen from all the Levite men existing in the tribe. According to the ancient laws, men were only given the authority of being priests.

He must also be able to perform all the religious duties so as to connect people to the mighty lord. Priest among all the Levite is considered to be the purest and is only permitted to enter the holy place.

There also exists a high priest under whom all the other priests work. However, after the death of Crist, many people asked for stopping the priesthood of Levi as they believe no other sacrifices were needed after that of Christ.

Also, the practice of priesthood gained a lot of controversies as people believed one could directly contact god, and no Levi messenger was needed for that.

What is Levite?

Levites are generally men who have descended from the Levi tribe. It was an official tribe chosen for serving the god by the laws itself. The Levi tribe is responsible for all duties needed to be performed in God’s temple of Israel.

They also perform teachings to all other tribes about the principles of god. Before Levite started serving the god, the elder sons of all twelve tribes were responsible for the duty at the tabernacle.

But, the first son of all the other tribes helped in the execution of the tabernacle financially as they provided money for any practice to be undertaken at the temple.

The Levites also help with construction, maintenance, and execution at the tabernacle. Choosing a priest among themselves who is the best devotee of God comes under one of their important duties.

Main Differences Between Priest and Levite

  1. Anyone who is a man and comes under the Levi tribe can be a Levite, whereas being chosen as a priest requires much more than that.
  2. A priest performs sacrifices on behalf of the people, whereas a Levite is not permitted to do that.

Conclusion

One can say that both priests and Levites are responsible for religious activities. However, it is important to know that a priest always comes from a Levi community, but not every Levite gets an opportunity to become a priest.

References

  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=0HWtAwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA5&dq=priesthood+of+israel&ots=cBhyrlsWCs&sig=S00LOF7clUhdJUhtn-AfecqPH2Y
  2. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0146107909354705
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