Difference Between Nepal and Tibet (With Table)

Tibet and Nepal are two great Himalayan tourist attractions. They are both landlocked and next to one other. They have numerous similarities as a result of their close proximity. Geographically, they share a large section of the western Himalayas, which includes the spectacular Mt. Everest, the world’s highest peak. They have certain cultural and historical similarities as well.

Nepal vs Tibet 

The difference between Nepal and Tibet is that the landscape in their respective location is different in both countries. Nepal is known for its highest peak Mt. Everest and the birthplace of Gautam Buddha in Lumbini. Tibet is famous for its title roof of the world or The Third Pole or The home of the mountains.

Nepal is a landlocked South Asian nation. It is located in the Himalayas, but also contains portions of the Indo-Gangetic Plain, and borders Tibet, China, to the north, and India to the south, east, and west, with the Siliguri Corridor separating it from Bangladesh, and the Indian state of Sikkim separating it from Bhutan.

Tibet is a territory in East Asia that encompasses much of the Tibetan Plateau and spans around 2,500,000 square kilometres (970,000 sq mi). Tibet is the world’s highest province, with an average altitude of 4,380 metres (14,000 ft). Mount Everest, the world’s tallest peak, rises 8,848 metres (29,029 feet) above sea level in Tibet, which is situated in the Himalayas.

Comparison Table Between Nepal and Tibet 

 Parameters of Comparison  Nepal  Tibet
SpecificationIndependent CountryProvince under China
ReligionHinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, Jainism, SikhismBuddhism, Islam, Christianity
Famous AttractionMt. Everest, Birthplace of Gautam Buddha, MonasteriesMt. Everest, Sacred Lakes
Official LanguageNepaliTibetic or Bordic
Literacy rate67.9 per cent33.11 per cent

What is Nepal? 

Nepal is classified as a nation in South Asia. It is close to India and the Himalayan Mountains. Tibet is part of China, thus it is close to the Chinese. Nepal has the worlds highest mountains in the world. Nepal’s landscape is varied, with fertile lands, subalpine wooded hills, and eight of the world’s ten highest peaks, including Mount Everest, the world’s highest peak. It is used as a campsite for mountain treks, particularly those including the ascent of Mount Everest.

Hinduism is the major religion in Nepal. Although Buddhism is a huge influence in Nepal, this religion has infiltrated the country’s societal framework. As a result, you’ll see Hindu and Buddhist temples coexisting in Nepal.

Nepali culture is a unique mix of more than three thousand years of Tibeto-Mongolian and Indian (Indo-Aryan) traditions. The outcome of a vast and diverse history of trading, migrations, and invasion has resulted in these effects. Over the ages, India has had a far greater impact on Nepal than China since there is a substantial Buddhist population in the higher mountains, the majority of the nation is Hindu.

Peak and low seasons do exist in Nepal, and they are determined by the activities you choose to partake in. Trekking seasons are April to May and late September to the end of October, whereas the tourist industry in the south of the nation is mostly concentrated between November and March. Summer in much of the nation is monsoon season, which makes travel more difficult and is typically avoided since the Southwest Monsoon may be strong.

What is Tibet?

Tibet is a province in East Asia that covers about 2,500,000 square kilometres and includes much of the Tibetan Plateau (970,000 sq mi). Tibet is the world’s highest province, with an average altitude of 4,380 metres (14,000 feet). Tibet, like Taiwan and Hong Kong, is both an independent territory and a province of China.

Tibet’s culture and way of life are intimately tied to its Buddhist religion, and religious practise is an important component of the everyday life of the typical Tibetan. The high-altitude plateau topography, as well as various influencing factors from India, Nepal, Mongolia, and China, have all contributed to Tibet’s culture, which has evolved during the region’s more than a thousand years of Buddhism.

When Buddhism was brought to the plateau in the 7th and 8th centuries, it had the greatest impact on Tibetan culture, and it has evolved, according to geographic and climatic variations. On the other hand, Tibet is completely different. Independent travel to Tibet is prohibited due to Chinese restrictions. To travel to Tibet, tourists must schedule a pre-approved tour with a licenced tour operator.

Travelling throughout the region is likewise restricted, and visitors must get permits for various locations that can only be obtained through a tour operator. For all trips within Tibet, they will also require a private guide and car.

Main Differences Between Nepal and Tibet 

  1. Nepal is an independent country, while Tibet is a territory partially ruled by China.
  2. Nepal has a population of 29,136,808, but Tibet has a population of 3,648,100.
  3. The official language of Nepal is Nepali, whereas the official language of Tibet is Tibetic or Bordic. 
  4. The literacy rate is high in Nepal, but Tibet has a low literacy rate. 
  5. Travelling is allowed openly in Nepal, but Tibet has travel restrictions imposed by the Chinese government. 
  6. Nepal is famous for Buddhist monasteries, while Tibet is famous for its sacred lakes. 


While there are numerous similarities between Nepal and Tibet, there are also significant differences between these neighbours. These close locations are radically separate from one other, like chalk and cheese, partly due to the barrier of the Himalayas and partly due to the major impact of India on Nepal and China on Tibet.

Nepal and Tibet both consume Mt. Everest and it is a pride for them. Nepal is easy to travel for tourists along many base camps are set in Nepal for trekking and camping. On the other hand, Tibet has travel restrictions due to the Chinese government. Nepal is the birthplace of Buddha and many monasteries are home to many tourists.


  1. https://www.tibettour.org/nepal-tibet/tibet-vs-nepal.html
  2. https://www.greattibettour.com/tibet-travel-tips/tibet-and-nepal.html
  3. https://www.tibettravel.org/nepal-tour/are-tibet-and-nepal-same.html
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