Tibet vs China: Difference and Comparison

There have been countries and little Reigns with conflict. Big units like countries try to expand their areas by including small units. Such attempts result in a dispute.

China and Tibet are two such examples where Tibet does not want any Chinese rule over its parts while China constantly claims Tibet as its state.

Key Takeaways

  1. Tibet is a historical region in Asia, while China is a vast country encompassing various regions, including Tibet.
  2. Tibetan culture, language, and religion differ significantly from mainland China’s.
  3. The Chinese government claims sovereignty over Tibet, but many Tibetans seek greater autonomy or independence.

Tibet vs China

Tibet is the Asian region that covers the maximum area of the Tibetan Plateau and is located between the Himalayas to the north and the Kunlun Mountains to the south. China is the world’s most populous country, that has a long history and rich culture that can be traced back thousands of years.

Tibet vs China

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Tibet is considered to be an autonomous region of China. The geographical location of Tibet is in the northern part of the Himalayas on the Tibetan plateau.

The autonomous region Tibet is nicknamed the ‘Roof of the World’ because it has many towering peaks. Tibet is known as an independent state under illegal occupation.

China is a country located in the Asia continent. To the north of China, Magnolia shares its border. Vietnam and Laos are located in the South of China. The East and Southeastern border is surrounded by North Korea and Russia, respectively.

The western border is connected to Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Muammar, Tibet, and India, and Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Pakistan cover the eastern West border.

Comparison Table

Parameters Of ComparisonTibetChina
IntroductionTibet, also known as the Roof of the World, is located in the world’s highest reign near the Himalayas Mountains. China, also known as the People’s Republic of China, is the most populated country in the world.
CapitalThe capital of the Roof of the world, Tibet is Lhasa. The capital of the People’s Republic of China is Beijing.
Official languageTabetic or Bodic which is spoken by the Tibeto-Burman group is used as the main language in Tibet. Chinese people use Mandarin as their official language.
ClimateThe climate of Tibet is dominated by dry seasons. But both snow and rain are also received by Tibet annually.The climate found in China is mostly either dry or wet monsoons. Snow falls in some parts of China.
Type of GovernmentThe type of government in Tibet is a dual system government where temporal rulers work with spiritual authorities. The type of government in China is a one-party state. The Communist Party controls the states of China.

What is Tibet?

Tibet is a conflicted reign that is under the illegal occupation of China. Tibet is also a part of East Asia. The traditional capital of Tibet is known to be Lhasa which is also the capital of Tibetan reign claimed by China.

China claims Tibet as its province-level entity. The Tibetan government claims it as an independent state, while China claims it as an integral part of the nation.

The part of Tibet known as ‘Greater Tibet’ is claimed by exiled Tibetan groups. Tibetan languages are classified as Tibeto-Burman languages. Also, the various regional dialect of the language is found in Tibet.

Tibet is located on the highest reign of the earth. The origin points of the Indus and Brahmaputra are located in western Tibet near Lake Mapam Yumco.

Mount Kailash also spans the Tibetan reign. Tibet consists of around 800 settlements. Tibet has a dry climate that lasts for 9 months.

There are also some months when snow falls in some parts of Tibet. The two world’s most prestigious heritage sites, Norbulingka and Potala Palace, are in Tibet.

These sites are the residence of the Dalai Lama. A chairman leads the government in Tibet. The chairman must be an ethnic Tibetan and subordinate to the secretary of the Chinese Communist Party.


What is China?

China is the world’s highest populated country, situated in the East of the Asia continent. Officially it is known as the People’s Republic of China. Beijing is the capital of China.

The dialing code that applies to China is +86. Mandarin is the official language of China, and the currency used in China is known as the Renminbi.

The largest city in China is Shanghai, also considered the country’s financial center. The other city Shenzhen is known to be the technological hub.

The official script used by Chinese people for writing is simplified Chinese. The legislature of China is known as the National People’s Congress.

The borders of China are attached to 14 different countries.

The majority of Chinese citizens have no religion at all, while there are few percentages of people who follow Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity. According to history, the Xia dynasty was the first dynasty that ruled over China around 2100 BCE.

The Xia dynasty in China intrigued the ruling system based on the hereditary monarchy. China was divided and reunited many times during and after the Xia dynasty.

The credit of the firm reunion of China goes to the Qin dynasty, who later established the first empire in China.


Main Differences Between Tibet and China

  1. Tibet is a formerly independent nation and has been a part of China since 1965, while China has always been independent.
  2. Dalai Lama is the highest title worn by Tibet’s political and spiritual leader, while in China, the president is the highest position.
  3. The capital of Tibet is Lhasa. On the other hand, China’s capital city is Beijing, and Shanghai is the largest city in China.
  4. The government form applied in Tibet is a dual government system, while the government form in China is the one-party rule, and that party is Communist Party.
  5. The official language used in Tibet is Bodic or Tibet. On the other hand, Mandarin is the official language spoken by Chinese people.
Difference Between Tibet and China
  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=La1CWinaDR4C&oi=fnd&pg=PP2&dq=Tibet&ots=d2yusVMu7z&sig=8eZRgjO0rhfzVfjOOh2FDeOxx_8
  2. https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/9780822389903/html

Last Updated : 13 July, 2023

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