Difference Between Tibet and China

There have been countries and little Reigns with conflict. Big units like countries try to expand their areas by including small units. Such attempts usually result in a dispute.

China and Tibet are two such examples where Tibet does not want any Chinese rule over its parts while China constantly claims Tibet as its state.

Tibet vs China

The main difference between Tibet and China is that Tibet is an autonomous region of China while China is an independent republic. China is a country that claims its occupation over Tibet while Tibet claims itself as an independent state which has been illegally occupied by China. The relationship between Tibet and China has always been conflicted.

Tibet vs China

Tibet is considered to be an autonomous region of China. The geographical location of Tibet is in the northern part of the Himalayas on the Tibetan plateau.

The autonomous region Tibet is nicknamed the ‘Roof of the World’ because it has many towering peaks. Tibet is known as an independent state under illegal occupation.

China is a country located in the Asia continent. To the north of China, magnolia shares its border. Vietnam and Laos are located in the South of China. East and Southeastern border is surrounded by North Korea and Russia respectively.

The western border is connected to Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Muammar, Tibet, and India and the eastern West border is covered by Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Pakistan.

Comparison Table Between Tibet and China

Parameters Of ComparisonTibetChina
IntroductionTibet, also known as the Roof of the World, is located in the world’s highest reign near the Himalayas Mountains. China, also known as the People’s Republic of China, is the most populated country in the world.
CapitalThe capital of the Roof of the world, Tibet is Lhasa. The capital of the People’s Republic of China is Beijing.
Official languageTabetic or Bodic which is spoken by the Tibeto-Burman group is used as the main language in Tibet. Chinese people use Mandarin as their official language.
ClimateThe climate of Tibet is dominated by dry seasons. But both snow and rain are also received by Tibet annually.The climate found in China is mostly either dry or wet monsoons. Snow falls in some parts of China.
Type of GovernmentThe type of government in Tibet is a dual system government where temporal rulers work with spiritual authorities. The type of government in China is a one-party state. The Communist Party controls the states of China.

What is Tibet?

Tibet is a conflicted reign that is under illegal occupation of China. Tibet is also a part of East Asia. The traditional capital of Tibet is known to be Lhasa which is also the capital of Tibetan reign claimed by China.

China claims Tibet as its province-level entity. By the Tibetan government, it has been claimed as an independent state while China claims it as an integral part of the nation.

The part of Tibet known as ‘Greater Tibet’ is claimed by exiled Tibetan groups. Tibetan languages are classified as Tibeto-Burman languages. Also, the various regional dialect of the language is found in Tibet.

Tibet is located on the highest reign of the earth. The origin points of Indus and Brahmaputra are located in western Tibet are near Lake Mapam Yumco.

Mount Kailash also spans the Tibetan reign. Tibet consists of around 800 settlements. Tibet has a dry climate that lasts for 9 months.

There are also some months when snowfalls in some parts of Tibet. The two world’s most prestigious heritage sites known as Norbulingka and Potala Palace are located in Tibet.

These sites are the residence of the Dalai Lama. The government in Tibet is led by a chairman. The chairman must be an ethnic Tibetan and subordinate to the secretary of the Chinese Communist Party.

What is China?

China is the world’s highest populated country situated in the East of the Asia continent. Officially it is known as the People’s Republic of China. Beijing is the capital of China.

The dialing code that applies to China is +86. Mandarin is the official language of China and the currency used in China is known as the Renminbi.

The largest city of China is Shanghai and it is also considered to be the financial center of the country. The other city Shenzhen is known to be the technological hub.

The official script used by Chinese people for writing is simplified Chinese. The legislature of China is known as the National People’s Congress.

The borders of China are attached to 14 different countries.

The majority of Chinese citizens have no religion at all while there are few percentages of people who follow Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity. According to history, the Xia dynasty was the first dynasty that ruled over China around 2100 BCE.

The ruling system based on the hereditary monarchy was intrigued by the Xia dynasty in China. China was divided and reunited many times during and after the Xia dynasty.

The credit of the firm reunion of China goes to the Qin dynasty who later established the first empire in China.

Main Differences Between Tibet and China

  1. Tibet is a formerly independent nation and has been a part of China since 1965 while China has always been an independent nation.
  2. Dalai Lama is the highest title worn by the political and spiritual leader of Tibet while in China president is the highest position.
  3. The capital of Tibet is Lhasa. On the other hand, the capital city of China is Beijing and Shanghai is the largest city of China.
  4. The government form applied in Tibet is a dual government system while the government form in China is the one-party rule and that party is Communist Party.
  5. The official language used in Tibet is Bodic or Tibet. On the other hand, Mandarin is the official language spoken by Chinese people.
Difference Between Tibet and China


There is no lie in this that China is one of the strongest countries among other nations. Whether it is an economical position or political China’s feet are strong.

The people’s republic of China claims a century-old claim on Tibet to be one of its states like Hong Kong and Macau.

Tibet is a very beautiful place that lies in the northern part of the Himalayas. There are countless temples and pilgrims. Dalai Lama is the political leader of Tibet.

Many Tibetan people see Dalai Lama as a living God. Both Tibet and China have beautiful history and magnificent locations. Only the issue of governance messes things up.


  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=La1CWinaDR4C&oi=fnd&pg=PP2&dq=Tibet&ots=d2yusVMu7z&sig=8eZRgjO0rhfzVfjOOh2FDeOxx_8
  2. https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/9780822389903/html
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