Difference Between Indian and Hindu

Indian means numerous things in numerous specific circumstances. Generally, the term Indian alludes predominantly to individuals living inside the limit of the Indian sub-landmass. Hindu, then again, implies anyone, who regardless of his/her citizenship or spot of home trusts in Hinduism and enjoys and supports Hindu conventional traditions.

Indian vs Hindu

The main difference between Indian and Hindu is that Indian means any individual who is a resident of India and minor offspring of such people whereas a  Hindu is an individual who follows Hinduism and should have a name prevailed by a Hindu title.

Indian Vs Hindu

Each individual who was at the beginning of the Constitution (26 January 1950) domiciled in the domain of India, and who was brought into the world in India, or both of whose guardians were brought into the world in India or who has been usually occupant in India for at the very least five years, turned into a resident of India. 

Hindus are people who view themselves socially, ethnically or strictly sticking to parts of Hinduism. Truly, the term has additionally been utilized in the past as a topographical, social, and later strict identifier for individuals living in the Indian subcontinent.

Comparison Table Between Indian and Hindu

Parameters of ComparisonIndianHindu
MeaningIndian means any individual who is a resident of India and minor offspring of such people. A Hindu is an individual who follows Hinduism and should have a name prevailed by a Hindu title.
ConceptIndian is bound to a country.Hindu is bound to religion.
Historical differenceThe term Indian is a generally more current idea and became well known during the counter settler development during the mid-nineteenth century.The term Hindu discovers no reference in the antiquated Hindu writing.
Political UndertoneIndian does not have a strong political undertoneHindu has a strong political undertone.
DonationWho was given birth in India or either of whose blood parents were given birth in India.Who follow the rules and rituals of Hinduism.

What is Indian?

Indian means any individual who is a resident of India and minor offspring of such people. All the more definitely an individual is called an Indian if s/he has been given democratic right or will be deliberated casting ballot rights with the accomplishment of the greater part, by the constitution of India. India is a mainstream majority rules system and the constitution of India sees religion as an issue of individual decision. 

Hence anyone regardless of his/her strict alliance is named as an Indian gave s/he satisfies different models for being Indian as hypothesized by the Constitution. A particularly Indian can be a Hindu, or a Christian, Buddhist, Sikh, Muslim, Jew. 

The rise of sovereign India changed the definition and made it more centered around Indian as a political notwithstanding social personality. All things considered, political India is a lot more youthful than social India. In the present setting, the term alludes to a mixture of individuals, who are residents by birth, residents by marriage, residents by privileged citizenship, and residents by political thought by the public authority, with no thought to the strict confidentiality of the individual.

What is Hindu?

Hindu suggests anybody, who paid little heed to his/her citizenship or spot of home trusts in Hinduism and appreciates and upholds Hindu ordinary practices. 

Hinduism, however the greatest coordinated non-Abrahamic and most seasoned religion of the world, was never institutionally coordinated and controlled religion like Judaism, Christianity, Buddhism, and Islam. 

Hinduism is somewhat a way of thinking of life dependent on the idea of “Truth wins”. The way of thinking was filled in India and was drilled by individuals living in India for over 5000 years before any coordinated religion appeared. It’s undeniably true that before the Muslim trespassers from Mongolia and Persia established domains in India, individuals of India were 100% Hindus. It additionally amazes that regardless of 800 years of Muslim guidelines followed by 200 years of British imperialism, starting today 85% of the Indian populace is authoritatively Hindu.

This is the motivation behind why truly Indian and Hindu are seen as interchangeable. Yet, there exist a few contrasts between an Indian and a Hindu. This article is an endeavor to feature a portion of the significant contrasts between the two.

An individual need not be an Indian to be a Hindu or in an alternate manner, an individual with non-Indian first language can be known as a Hindu if s/he is brought into the world to Hindu guardians or picks Hinduism as a religion of confidence, however, brought into the world to non-Hindu guardians.

Main Differences Between Indian and Hindu

  1. A person living in India is an Indian whereas a person following Hinduism is a Hindu.
  2. Indian is conceptually related to India as a country where as Hindu is conceptually related to Hinduism as a religion.
  3. Indian is a new term where as comparatively Hindu is an older term.
  4. Indian is has relatively weak political connotation while Hindu has a strong political connotation. 
  5. To be an Indian you need to be a certified citizen of India whereas to be a Hindu there is no such certificate, you just have to follow the religion.


India was never joined as a country, and the idea of Indian personality was no place in the socio-political scene. Individuals of various realms recognized themselves as residents of their particular realms. Indian National Congress drove by nationalistic pioneers like Bal Gangadhar Tilak and B. C. Buddy initiated the counter British development and the idea of political Indian as an individual from an assembled India was conceived. 

Hindu was begotten either by Alexander, the incomparable Greek intruder or someone from his power, to mean individuals living alongside the waterway Sindhu, as an issue of comfort in elocution. From that time till the start of the eighteenth century the term Hindu was utilized to mean any individual living in the Indian subcontinent with no mention of religion.


  1. https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/9781400877799/html
  2. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/07481187.2010.518420
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