Difference Between Hindu and Buddhist Meditation

Meditation is a technique meant for the resting of the mind and achieving a state of consciousness which is completely different from the regular walking state. Through mediation, the mind gets clear, relaxed, and inwardly focused.

The process of meditation sounds simple but it makes one more than that. It requires discipline and the mind along with the body to be calm.

Two different types of meditation that are practiced worldwide are hindu meditation and buddhist meditation.

The purpose behind meditation in hindu mythology is much more towards the spiritual aspect rather than religion. The purpose can vary from person to person such as physical wellbeing, mental peace, and growth, and spiritual enhancement.

Whereas in buddhist meditation they consider meditation a key part of their religion. They meditated to achieve nirvana.

Hindu vs Buddhist Meditation

The main difference between hindu and buddhist meditation is majorly their techniques. As hindu meditation, the techniques are quite difficult and it takes a person years to master the art however in the case of buddhist meditation the processes are way simpler and they do not require that amount of time and practice to build them.

Hindu vs Buddhist meditation

Comparison Table Between Hindu and Buddhist Meditation

Parameter of ComparisonHindu MeditationBuddhist Meditation
FounderIt was not founded by a single personFounded by  Gautam Buddha
FollowerMajorly in IndiaIt has its followers in East and South East Asia
FocusFocuses on religious beliefFocuses on Ethical behavior
WorshipWorships many idolsBelieves in the idea of god but does not follow it
IdeologySpiritual ideologyImportant part of the region
TechniqueThe techniques are quite difficultSimpler techniques

What is Hindu Mediation?

Meditation had initially originated in India and since then evolved with Hinduism (sanatana dharma). In hindu meditation, the goal is to achieve oneness with the soul or mind (atman) along with getting in touch with Brahman (the almighty) and achieving the state of moksha (nirvana).

It is an exclusive as well as an inclusive process as one withdraws their mind and sense from all the distractions occurring in the world and aims upon one particular idea of concentration.

According to the hindu scripture, there is a certain posture that helps to attain the meditation state. The posture is known as yoga.

There are several references found about yoga and meditation in Vedas and Upanishads.

Hindu meditation is also known as “dhyana”. Dhyana is a Sanskrit word where “dhi” means a receptacle or the mind and “yana” means moving or going.

Hence dhyana means a journey or movement of the mind. It is a mental activity of the mind.

What is Buddhist Meditation?

Buddhist meditation is closely linked with religion and philosophy. In Buddhism, it is known as bhavana which means development, and jhana or dhyana meaning mental training resulting in a calm and luminous mind.

The buddhist practice of meditation is a part of looking forward to liberation, awakening, and nirvana. The buddhist meditation involves various techniques such as shamatha (mindfulness) which focuses on the development of calm, clarity, and equanimity within a person, metta or loving-kindness, and contemplative meditation focuses on contemplative manners.

Buddhist meditation principles have been practiced by people for several years to affect mundane and worldly benefit. They help one develop concentration, clarity, emotional positivity, and calmness by precisely looking at things.

According to Gautam Buddha buddhist meditation has the quality of serenity and tranquility that helps to compose and concentrate any mind and gives an insight of the world, it allows sentiments such as matter, perception, and consciousness.

Main Differences Between Hindu and Buddhist Meditation

  1. The hindu meditation was not founded y a single person whereas the buddhist meditation was founded particularly by Gautam Buddha.
  2. The followers of hindu meditation majorly reside in India whereas the followers of buddhist meditation are found in East and South East Asia.
  3. The hindu meditation mainly focuses on religious belief whereas buddhist meditation focuses on the ethical behavior of a person.
  4. In hindu meditation, they believe and worship many idols but in buddhist mediation, they believe in the idea of god but they do not usually follow it.
  5. The hindu meditation focuses on spiritual ideologies whereas the buddhist meditation focuses on the important parts of mediation.
  6. The techniques of the hindu meditation are quite difficult and they take years to master whereas in the case of buddhist mediation the techniques are comparatively easier and they do not take much practice to be mastered.
Difference Between Hindu and Buddhist Meditation


Mediation is a technique that is practiced worldwide by people for resting of mind and calmness.  With the help of meditation, the mind gets clear, relaxed, and inwardly focused.

Even though the process of mediation might sound similar but it is quite difficult and requires regular practice to master.

Meditation can be further classified under two types based on where they have originated from namely Hindu meditation and buddhist meditation. They can be also differentiated based on the founder, follower, focus, worship, ideology, and technique.

Hindu meditation is mainly associated with a spiritual ideology more than religion. Three aspects of humanity are approached namely physical, mental, and spiritual.

They believe that the extreme stage of mediation is reaching out to the almighty or paramatma. The techniques of hindu mediation are quite difficult and it takes years to master them.

Buddhist mythology on the other hand focuses more on ethical behavior. They believe in the concept of God but do not follow it.

They consider meditation as a religious practice and the main motive is to reach nirvana. It is considered that the methods and techniques of buddhist meditation are comparatively easier and they do not take much practice to master them.


  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=OxD1SYaelLAC&oi=fnd&pg=PR5&dq=hindu+meditation&ots=t2V9uOvJvy&sig=7Uek9Eg673B5L797zcqgM-SlEt0
  2. https://www.mindfulnessinbiz.org.hk/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/Meditation_Intro.pdf
  3. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=zWtGXSqon54C&oi=fnd&pg=PA8&dq=buddhist+meditation&ots=2kh49AQbYE&sig=uBWBkhDZ0uOinSYd3ASFFCv_yPo
  4. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/08964289.1990.9934596
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