Difference Between Primary Group and Secondary Group (With Table)

Different types of social groups help people communicate and help each other in society. Social groups are useful in developing personal relations, engage in social activities, working on individual goals. The Primary group and Secondary group are the social groups having some minor differences formed by the people.  

Primary Group vs Secondary Group  

The difference between the Primary group and the Secondary group is that the Primary group is a small social group initiated by the families. In Contrast, a Secondary group is a large social group that engages in social activities. The Primary group had categorized as the relationship development group in the social group. The secondary group aims are to reach their goals.  

The Primary group is one of the social groups formed by the family members. A primary group is a small group where family members engage and share personal issues. The Primary group had categorized as a small group that develops relationships. Relationships between close people and friends may also form the Primary groups. The primary group plays a vital role in a child’s life that progress the communication between people and, the child comes to known the social awareness.   

A Secondary group is one of the social groups formed by the people. People with the same activity and same goals shape the secondary groups. A secondary group is a large group that helps an individual to reach their goals. The people in the Secondary group share their achievements and activities and do not engage in their relationships. 

Comparison Table Between Primary Group and Secondary Group  

Parameters of Comparison    Primary Group  Secondary Group   
  
Meaning    The primary group is a small social group formed by the families, Neighbours, classmates to share their personals and develop relationships.  A secondary group is a large social group formed by the people whose goals and activities are equal.  
Engage      Members in the primary group engage in personal relations. Members in the secondary group engage in social activities.   
 
Group    
  
The primary group is the first group categorized into the relationship development between people.  The secondary group is the inferior group in the social groups where people focus on their goals.  
Characteristics    Small in size, Physical proximity, stability of the people, familiar background, self-interest, the intensity of shared interests are the characteristics of the primary group.  Short period, a large number of people, lack of rapport between members, impersonal, formal relationships, and specific aims for formation are the characteristics of the secondary group.  
Examples      Share the views with the family members, sharing personal things with classmates, being free with close friends, and many others. Allocate the basketball game views, share thoughts about the exams, and work on specific goals.  

What is Primary Group?  

The primary group is one of the groups in social groups. The primary group had categorized as the relationship development group in the social group. It had a small social group formed by families, friends, classmates, neighbors, and close people. In the primary group, people like to share their personal views, interests, and adjacent things. People form the primary groups to engage with others and spend time happily. The primary group plays a vital role in a child’s life that develops the communication between people and, the child comes to known the social awareness.  

Physical proximity, stability of the people, familiar background, an individual self-interest, intensity of shared interests, small size are the characteristics of the Primary group. Small in number can engage with each other unboundedly. The communication between the people in the primary group helps refresh an individual mind and leads to good health. Examples are sharing views with family members, sharing personal things with classmates, being free with close friends, and many others.  

What is Secondary Group?  

The secondary group is the inferior group of the social groups. The secondary group had categorized as the goal gain group in the social group. It had a large number of people whose goals and activities are equal. The People with same aims forms these group and share the views and information about the achievements and activities. An individual did not like to share their thoughts and feelings in the secondary group. The secondary group aims to reach its goals.  

Short period, a large number of people, lack of rapport between members, impersonal, formal relationships, and specific aims for formation are the characteristics of the secondary group. Secondary groups are temporary groups and may end at a particular time. Examples are, sharing views about the basketball game, sharing thoughts about the exams, and working on specific goals. Secondary groups are the team-based groups compared to primary groups.  

Main Differences Between Primary Group and Secondary Group  

  1. Primary groups had the initial groups formed in social organization groups, where secondary groups are the inferior groups.  
  2. Primary groups are small groups and long-lasting groups. In Contrast, secondary groups are the large groups and temporary groups.  
  3. Primary groups had categorized as the relationship development batch, where Secondary groups are the goal-based groups.  
  4. Personal activities and close things had shared in the primary groups. On the other hand, people with similar goals share their thoughts in the secondary group.  
  5. Physical proximity, stability of the people, familiar background, self-interest are the characteristics of the primary group where short period, lack of rapport between members, impersonal, formal relationships, and specific aims for formation are the characteristics of the secondary group.  

Conclusion  

Different types of social groups help people communicate and help each other in society. The primary group is one of the social groups formed by the family members. A primary group is a small group where family members engage and share personal issues. The primary group is categorized as a small group that develops relationships.  

The Secondary group is the inferior group of the social groups. The secondary group had categorized as the goal gain group in the social group. It had a large number of people whose goals and activities are equal. The People with similar aims forms these group and share the views and information about the aims and activities.  

References

  1. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1288/00005537-198905000-00004
  2. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1368430215572266

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