Punjabi vs Gujarati: Difference and Comparison

India is home to several cultures, religions, and traditions. The Indian subcontinent comprises 28 beautiful states that differ based on religion, food habits, lifestyle, and beliefs.

Key Takeaways

  1. Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in Punjab (India and Pakistan), whereas Gujarati is spoken in the Indian state of Gujarat.
  2. Punjabi uses the Gurmukhi script in India and the Shahmukhi script in Pakistan, while Gujarati uses the Gujarati script.
  3. Punjabi cuisine is known for its rich, buttery flavors, and dishes like butter chicken and makki di roti. In contrast, Gujarati cuisine features a mix of sweet, salty, and spicy flavors, with dishes like dhokla and khandvi.

Punjabi vs Gujarati

Punjabi is a language spoken in the northern Indian state of Punjab and in parts of Pakistan. Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language and is one of the official languages of India. Gujarati is another official language of India, but it is spoken in the western Indian state of Gujarat and other regions.

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Punjabis, as a matter of fact, belong to Punjab and speak the Punjabi language. The traditional food or cuisine of this region is also known as Punjabi.

On the other hand, Gujaratis belong to Gujarat and speak Gujarati. Gujarati food is their traditional cuisine, which is very different from Punjabi.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonPunjabiGujarati
RegionPunjabis are the inhabitants of Punjab. Gujaratis are the inhabitants of Gujarat.
GeographyPunjab is a part of north-western India. Gujarat is a part of western India.
ReligionMost people follow Sikhism here. Most people follow Hinduism here.
Language Punjabi is the native language of this region. Gujarati is the native language.
FoodThe cuisine is also named Punjabi, which has vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes. The cuisine is Gujarati, which has vegetarian dishes mostly.
AttireTurbans are considered to be the traditional symbol. Gujarati style saree is famous here.
Folk DanceBhangra, Gidha and Jhumas are popular folk dances. Garba and Dandiya are popular here.
FestivalMany festivals are celebrated, out of which Baisakhi and Lohri are famous. Makar Sankranti and Navratri are very famous here.

What is Punjabi?

Punjabi is defined as the basis for everything in the state of Punjab. The inhabitants of this state, their cultural practices, as well as their traditional food are all termed Punjabi.

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The history of Punjab dates back to the time of the India-Pakistan partition. Several parts of the state got distributed between India and Pakistan.

It is stereobelieved that Punjabis are highly enthusiastic and celebration-loving people. Several festivals, like Lohri, Baisakhi, Holi, Basant, etc., are celebrated by the people of Punjab.

Punjabis believe in visiting the Gurudwara to worship Guru Nanak Ji. Although they are merely 3 percent of India’s total population, Punjab culture, and lifestyle are popular all over the country.


What is Gujarati?

‘Gujarati’ is the term used to refer to the inhabitants, traditional food, and cultural practices of the state of Gujarat. It is located in western India.

A Greek book has all the things listed about the history of Gujarat in it. Ahmedabad is known to be the most popular and largest city in Gujarat.

Gujaratis are highly dedicated to trading and business. Most of them rely on their family businesses as their primary profession. It is because they are really witty and make good businessmen.

Most people in Gujarat follow Hinduism. They love eating sweet and savory dishes like Dhokla, Dabeli, Dal Wada, Jalebi, Gulab Jamun, Basundi, etc.


Main Differences Between Punjabi and Gujarati

  1. Bhangra is the most popular folk dance of Punjab, while that of Gujarat is Garba.
  2. Baisakhi and Lohri are the most popular festivals in Punjab, while Makar Sankranti and Navratri are the ones in Gujarat.
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  1. https://jech.bmj.com/content/41/3/233.short
  2. https://www.jstor.org/stable/45103601

Last Updated : 20 July, 2023

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24 thoughts on “Punjabi vs Gujarati: Difference and Comparison”

    • It’s interesting to note how these historical events have shaped the culture and identity of the regions.

  1. This article does a great job at highlighting the differences between Punjabi and Gujarat. It’s fascinating to see the variety in culture, language, and food.

  2. This article is a comprehensive guide for understanding the cultural and regional distinctions between Punjabi and Gujarati. It provides insightful information.

  3. This article serves as an illuminating guide to understanding the socio-cultural differences and nuances between Punjabi and Gujarati.

  4. The details regarding the geography and traditions of the states are quite informative. It really helps in understanding their uniqueness.

  5. The article offers a compelling comparison of the rich traditions and cultural aspects of Punjabi and Gujarati. It’s a well-researched piece.

    • The depth of information provided in this article has greatly enhanced my understanding of the cultural contexts.

  6. The article brilliantly conveys the cultural richness of both Punjabi and Gujarati, offering a profound exploration of their unique attributes.

    • I especially found the section on the traditional food and cuisine very engaging. It provides valuable insights into the gastronomic diversity of the regions.

  7. The article aptly captures the essence of Punjabi and Gujarati culture. The details provided are both engaging and educational.

    • I found the section on the significance of festivals very interesting. The importance of these celebrations in shaping cultural identity is intriguing.

  8. The extensive details on the cultural and regional specifics of Punjabi and Gujarati shed light on their unique characteristics.


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