Recruitment vs Selection: Difference and Comparison

Both terms are related to the process of hiring. Any organisation take the help of these two methods to obtain applicants and then consequently the employees.

The two processes are very different from each other and, thus, not very difficult to trace. Everyone has to encounter recruitment, but not all candidates get the chance to reach the selection.

Key Takeaways

  1. Recruitment is finding and attracting qualified candidates for a job, while selection involves choosing the best candidate from a pool of applicants.
  2. Recruitment is focused on creating a pool of potential candidates, while selection is focused on evaluating and comparing candidates.
  3. Recruitment is the initial stage of the hiring process, while selection occurs after the recruitment process is complete.

Recruitment vs Selection

Recruitment involves attracting and identifying potential candidates for a job vacancy. Recruitment aims to generate a pool of qualified candidates who meet the job requirements. Selection is the process of evaluating and choosing the best candidate from the pool of applicants.

Recruitment vs Selection

To find employees for hiring, companies have to go through many processes, and one of them is recruitment. This is the first stage of hiring, and selection is followed by it.

Anyone with sufficient qualifications can be a part of this process.

The selection is the ultimate process of hiring. Here the eligible candidates get invited to join the company as employees.

To reach this stage, candidates need to go through screening processes and interviews. Not all applicants can reach this final stage.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonRecruitmentSelection
Meaning It is a process that is performed to fetch applications from the people to hire.It is a process where applicants get finalized to hire.
LevelIn the process of hiring, recruitment comes first.In the process of hiring, the selection comes last.
ApplicantsAnyone who is qualified comes under this process.Among all the applicants, only shortlisted people come under this process.
MethodRecruitment includes advertising and interview rounds.Selection includes shortlisting and hiring.
PurposeFetching potential candidates.Hiring the fittest candidates.

What is Recruitment?

Recruitment is a process that companies undertake to find future employees. Companies advertise their vacancy and accept applications in this process.

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Anyone who fulfils the requirements and qualifications of the job profile is welcome to be a part of this stage.

In order to reach the selection stage, one has to go through this stage. It is the first stage of hiring. Mainly it is performed by Human Resource managers.

It is a searching method, and it is a long one.

Going through the applicants and shortlisting them for the interview, everything comes under this, and the ultimate result of it is the selection stage.

Recruitment can be done in two ways one is internal, and the other is external. Internal recruitment is done by promotion, and external recruitment is done by campus recruitment, advertisement and other methods.


What is Selection?

Many prospective people apply for a job profile. After recruitment, many methods are taken up by the recruiters to find the right person for the responsibility.

Selection is the stage where applicants get shortlisted or rejected, and the best-fitted candidates get chosen.

Screening of the candidates, a chain of interviews, tests everything helps recruiters in the process of selection. The main objective of selection is to identify suitable employees based on qualifications and skills.

From the pool of eligible candidates, only a few get to this stage of hiring.

Both recruiters and candidates need to put effort into this procedure.

The recruiter has to keep an eye on finding a suitable employee, and the applicants also need to prove themselves in order to get selected.

With every round passed, the least preferable candidates get eliminated, and ultimately the surviving candidates get selected for doing the job and filling the vacancy.


Main Differences Between Recruitment and Selection

  1. Recruitment is a process that is undertaken by companies and organizations in order to find candidates who are available for employment. On the other hand, selection is a process where some of those candidates get finalized to get hired.
  2. Recruitment is the first step of hiring for any company as well as for the candidates who aspire to get employed, whereas selection is the last step.
  3. Anyone who matches the organisation’s requirements can be a part of its recruitment programme, but not all of them can reach the last step, selection.
  4. The purpose behind the recruitment is to collect CVs from people who are interested in the job profile, and the purpose behind the selection is to fill the vacant employee seats.
  5. Recruitment encourages as many people as possible to take part, but selection is a process that subtracts people by rejecting them for the job role.
  6. Recruitment as a process gets used for the identification of potential employees, and selection is the method that identifies the right candidate to hire for the vacancy.
Difference Between Recruitment and Selection
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Last Updated : 13 July, 2023

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13 thoughts on “Recruitment vs Selection: Difference and Comparison”

  1. The post does an excellent job in highlighting the differences between recruitment and selection. It’s very useful.


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