Difference Between Renaissance World View and Enlightenment World View

Renaissance World View founded in the Renaissance period that took place after the crisis of the late middle ages, which lead to major changes in art, architecture, literature, and poetry field.

Enlightenment World View or known as the Age of Reason, is the period followed by the Renaissance World View with the main focus on reason, progress, and scientific use.

Comparison Table Between Renaissance World View and Enlightenment World View

Parameters of ComparisonRenaissance World ViewEnlightenment World View
Began InIt began in the 14th century first in Italy and then in Europe.It began around the end of the 17th century and the 18th century in Europe.
Main FocusThe main focus was arts, literature, and poetry.The main focus was intellectual reasoning and science
ContributionIn Areas of architecture, drama, and music.In the field of science, rationality, and industrialization.
Significant OutcomesProtestant ReformationFrench and American Revolution
Notable PersonalitiesLeonardo Da Vinci, Sandro Botticelli etc.Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Adam Smith, Immanuel Kant etc.

What is Renaissance World View?

The period of the Renaissance is important as it made many contributions and even led to the Enlightenment Period in Europe. It has its roots in Italy and then spread to Europe.

The Renaissance worldview is said to be the Humanistic World view as this period value humanity, literacy, and education. Later on, these became the main factors for the discovery of the world.

The following factors led to the end of the Renaissance:

  1. Numerous wars taking place in the Italian Peninsula
  2. Spanish, German and French invaders causing Instability
  3. Changes in the economic trade routes

What is Enlightenment World View?

After the Renaissance, comes the Enlightenment worldview, which was mainly focused on and flourished the field such as science, mathematics, and technology the most.

Following changes and steps were taken during this period:

  1. Science was established as the main source of knowledge, logical reasoning and thinking were given priority.
  2. Human rights were defended, promoting liberty, progress, tolerance, fraternity.
  3. Terminated the superstitions and blind faith, books and scripts were written the most during this period.

There were three main concepts of the Enlightenment World View:

  1. Reason
  2. Scientific Method
  3. Progress

It is believed that both American and French revolutions were the outcomes of the Enlightenment Worldview.

Impact on Society: modern society is the result of the Enlightenment Period, scientific methods were established, and thinking towards church and religion took a turn and eventually changed.

Main Differences Between Renaissance World View and Enlightenment World View

  1. Personalities of the Renaissance Period include Leonardo Da Vinci and Niccolò Machiavelli and the Enlightenment Period includes Adam Smith, Voltaire, and John Locke.
  2. Renaissance is more considered a Religious Revolution, whereas Enlightenment is considered an Intellectual Revolution.

Conclusion 

Enlightenment was followed and happened after the Renaissance Period. Although both of the periods were their importance and outcomes, major both of these periods are responsible for all the art and science development in Europe.

Both of these periods are considered important historical events as these led to major changes in the societies, which not only include art or science but also the way how people think and believe.

After these two periods, superstition and blind faith were not in practice. People started reasoning, enjoying poetry, art, drama, etc. they started giving more importance to the logical facts.

References

  1. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1558/jate.v6i1.69
  2. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=bWjUf040CJ0C&oi=fnd&pg=PA21&dq=renaissance+worldview&ots=Xmng8pQh6O&sig=uLVzerDOFQP-X1OZTSlF2roW_iI
  3. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=yjCdDwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PR8&dq=enlightenment+period&ots=rO220xgDP3&sig=LnhRLT84pqHIO2YBc9ENFhlgivc

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