Difference Between Baroque Art and Renaissance (with Table)

During history lessons, one of the most interesting subjects that can be discussed is art. Art gives students a way of showcasing their creativity and artistic talents. Aside from this, it also shows when and how some of the great artists painted their masterpieces that still are unchanged and are appreciated by art students and art enthusiasts. 

Baroque Art vs Renaissance

The difference between Baroque Art And Renaissance is that Baroque art is generally characterized by ornate details whereas Renaissance art is characterized by the fusion of Christianity and science which creates realism through art. 

Baroque and Renaissance are two distinct periods in the history of mankind that stands out the most when teaching about art and great masters. The paintings and masterpieces created in these time periods were similar when first seen but were very different from each other with distinct differences between them. 

Till today, there have been many debates about which time period created better art than the other. Supporters of each time period have their own arguments as to why one art is better than the other.

Comparison Table Between Baroque Art and Renaissance

Parameters of ComparisonBaroque ArtRenaissance Art
DefinitionBaroque art is a form of a art which emerged in the country Europe in the late 16th century.Renaissance art is a form of art which emerged in the country Europe in the 14th century.
Time periodThe time period of the production of the Baroque art was from the late 16th century to the mid 18th century.The time period of the production of the Renaissance art was from the 14th century to the 17th century.
Key featuresThe key features of the Baroque art is it’s ornate details and it focuses on showing human emotions.The key features of the Renaissance art is it’s fusion of science and Christianity that gives a touch of realism to it.
Symmetry and use of colourBaroque art is asymmetric and has more dramatic use of colours.Renaissance art is symmetric and has less dramatic use of colours.
Famous artistsBernini and Caravaggio are one of the famous artists of the baroque art.Leonardo Da Vinci and Michelangelo are one of the famous artists of the renaissance art.

What is Baroque Art?

The word Baroque was derived from the Portuguese word barocco which means flawed pearl. The production of the Baroque art was in between the late 16th century and the mid 18th century. It developed after the creation and the production of the renaissance art. The Baroque paintings featured ornate details.

Features like exaggerated lighting and intense emotions were a common thing in the art of that period. Even though it has a kind of artistic sensationalism to it, it still did not truly depict the style of people living in the Baroque art period. Another interesting thing in these arts are the encouragement of construction of colonades, domes and other color effects by the Baroque architecture.

There are four very important characteristics of the Baroque art. These are realism, light, naturalism, time and lines. Tenebrism, a source of light is the only one source which baroque art boasted about.

What is Renaissance Art?

The word Renaissance is derived from the Italian word which means rebirth. The Renaissance art style focuses more on learning. One of the greatest and the most well known artists of the Renaissance period was Leonardo Da Vinci. This period was in between the 14th century and the 17th century in the country of Europe. The most important part of the Renaissance art form was perception. 

It is a concept used in drawing that gave the art piece a three dimensional look. A common thing one could notice in these paintings was artists tend to draw buildings with the same vanishing point. One other important characteristic of the Renaissance art is the incorporation of Sfumato which is a technique that helps the artists to create a contrast between the dark and light portions of their paintings.

One of the famous examples of this technique and the renaissance art is the painting ‘Mona Lisa’, which was created by Leonardo Da Vinci. This technique adapted by the renaissance period artists would create an illusion that will make an object seem smaller than it actually was.

Main Differences Between Baroque Art and Renaissance

  1. Baroque art is a form of a art which emerged in the country Europe in the late 16th century whereas Renaissance art is a form of art which emerged in the country Europe in the 14th century.
  2. The time period of the production of the Baroque art was from the late 16th century to the mid 18th century while the time period of the production of the Renaissance art was from the 14th century to the 17th century.
  3. Baroque art is asymmetric and has more dramatic use of colours whereas Renaissance art is symmetric and has less dramatic use of colours.
  4. The key features of the Baroque art is it’s ornate details and it focuses on showing human emotions whereas the key features of the Renaissance art is it’s fusion of science and Christianity that gives a touch of realism to it.
  5. Bernini and Caravaggio who are one of the famous artists of Baroque art are less famous than Leonardo Da Vinci and Michelangelo who are one of the famous artists of Renaissance art.

Conclusion

Both the Baroque art And the Renaissance art emerged in the country Europe. Renaissance art developed before the Baroque art. Baroque art developed in between the late 16th century and the mid 18th century while Renaissance art developed in between the 14th century and the 17th century. 

The Renaissance period artists used perception in their art pieces. The Baroque period artists used exaggerated lighting and intense emotions in their art pieces. Renaissance art was more symmetric than the baroque art and also had less dramatic use of colours in it.

References

  1. https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamaneurology/article-abstract/588447
  2. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/9781118391488
x
2D vs 3D video