Difference Between Egyptian Art and Greek Art (With Table)

Art opens an extraordinary sphere for us. In our busy life, art offers a gust of fresh air. We all enjoy art, but not all of us know the difference between various art forms. Egyptian art and Greek art both are extraordinarily aesthetic and yet so diverse from each other. Their characteristics make them distinct and unique.

Egyptian Art vs Greek Art

The difference between Egyptian art and Greek art is that Egyptian art had many restrictions to follow, but Greek art did not have this issue. Egyptian art embodied larger than life sculptures, but Greek are were very realistic with humans and human emotions as topics. Egyptian art chose religion as the topic of its art.

Egyptian art carries different notions of religion. It was interested neither in humans and nor in realism. Egyptian art does not try to reflect reality through its artworks. They were limited and organized, and there was no place for experiments in style. Mythology could never be a part of this art form.

Greek art is known to be modern liberal art. Its subject, context as well as movements were very realistic and natural. Human figures were largely used in this form. Greek art was extraordinary to exhibit movement. Life with all its glory and sorrow acted as a primary theme in this art form.

Comparison Table Between Egyptian Art and Greek Art

Parameters of ComparisonEgyptian ArtGreek Art
Based on Egyptian art was centred around religion.Greek art was centred around the philosophy.
MythologyEgyptian art was not inclined towards mythology.Greek art was inclined towards mythology.
EmotionEgyptian art did not showcase any kind of emotions in its statues. Greek art was very realistic and it portrait emotions in their statues.
Form of artEgyptian art was regulated by the Pharaohs. Artists did not have much liberation while creating.Greek art was very liberal, it was not subjected to any rules.
Human figure In Egyptian art, humans and human figures were not primary subjects.In Greek art, humans were a primary subject of the art form.
StatuesThe statues in Egyptian art are very large with large figures. The statues of Greek art are not larger than the reality.

What is Egyptian Art?

Egyptian art was never independent to express itself. It was rather thriving under strict restrictions. Egyptian art mainly got its inspiration from religion. The influence of religion could be seen in the royal hieroglyphs and incantations written on the Great Pyramids. The Egyptians used to believe their kings to be divine beings. Kings were God sent to them, and this is why they used to abide by the stylistic laws made by the Pharaohs.

This form of art never used humans and human attributes much. The statues are massive and capture no movement. The statues have huge heads combined with plump faces. They are expressionless as well. Realistic emotions never emerge from the statues.

The use of stone in Egyptian architecture was very common. Strong ornamental stones were used to adorn the structures of the art.

What is Greek Art?

Greek art used to depict the creative revolution without any inhibition. Greek art was influenced largely by philosophy. We can see this in their moral preaching rather than depicting religion. It drew a lot from mythology as well. Greek art can be tagged as modern.

Greek sculptures and statues show expressions. They bear the touch of realism, unlike Egyptian art. This liberal form of art let the artists experiment with different styles and methods. Greek sculptures and paintings also seem to grasp movements of the action.

Humans get a place in the realm of Greek art. Greek statues represent human anatomy. The combination of muscles and expressions make them very realistic. They are not at all static. The flawless reflection of various human organs would definitely leave anyone with awe.

Main Differences Between Egyptian Art and Greek Art

  1. Egyptian art was centred around religion. It was created mostly based on religion and its different aspects, whereas Greek art was pivoting the philosophy of life.
  2. Egyptian art includes gigantic statues portraying larger than life figures, while Greek art statues were realistic yet striking.
  3. Egyptian art did not uphold any kind of expressions and emotions in its statues. However, Greek art was advocating realistic statues with vivid expression as well as emotions. It is not unknown to the connoisseurs of this art form.
  4. Egyptian art was not very liberated. It was bounded by strict laws and regulations. These restrictions were put on the artists by the Pharaohs. Artists were not allowed to be allowed to give expression to their artistic pursuits. On the other hand, Greek art was very liberating. It was not restricted by any rules. Artists were entitled to manifest their artistic pursuits.
  5. Humans could never find a place in the field of Egyptian art, whereas, in Greek art, humans always have been a primary topic to create art.

Conclusion

Both Egyptian and Greek were two advanced civilisations. Their architecture, sculpture, everything bears a touch of art. These two civilisations have a glorious history, and the credit of it goes to their art and creation. As we have seen, the difference between the two is very vivid and yet few similarities can be seen here and there. Such a similarity is the use of nudity in art. Both the form of arts have employed it differently with different contexts, but it exists in both.

One can not mark one art better than the other because they all possess unique features and qualities. While Egyptian art is at its best to illustrate larger than life sculptures and statues, Greek art focused more on reality and humans. Both are a great source of aesthetic pleasure, and both stimulate creativity.

References

  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=JVl_fWPDERMC&oi=fnd&pg=PR9&dq=difference+between+Egyptian+art+and+Greek+art&ots=Pa3bvdc4AW&sig=tLkritbiMDt-LwCZwik3VOqRQGw
  2. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/030751337906500121
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