Baroque vs Rococo: Difference and Comparison

Art is considered to be the most serene form of human expression. As far as the historical artefacts are concerned, they are living examples of the fact that designing living areas has been prevalent since time immemorial.


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The different types of art forms have their respective significance, and interested people hold even the minutest pieces in high spirits.

Key Takeaways

  1. Baroque art and architecture emphasize grandeur, bold colors, and dramatic contrast, while the Rococo style is lighter, more delicate, and ornate.
  2. Baroque originated in Italy in the early 17th century, while Rococo emerged in France in the early 18th century.
  3. Baroque works often have religious and political themes, while Rococo focuses on leisure, love, and nature themes.

Baroque vs Rococo

The difference between Baroque and Rococo is that the former uses symmetrical designs while the latter is more asymmetrical and feminine in structure. It is considered that Rococo is the advanced version of Baroque. They coexisted after Rococo came in its full swing. Presently, only the historical remains exist.

Baroque vs Rococo

Baroque was more of a movement than an art form. As per historians, art dominated those times so much that the whole movement came to be known by its name.

The common populace of Europe boasted of the items made in the Baroque style. The pieces were quite delicate and could cost a fortune.

Rococo flourished mainly in France. The lovers of the Baroque style soon shifted to this art form. Though the styles were different, the lavish appeal made the French people collect all they could.

Once a Rococo-style scripture was mounted in a public place, the visitors could not simply take their eyes off it.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonBaroqueRococo
Painting StyleBaroque art emphasizes movement in the purest sense. Rococo art revolves much around mythological figures and romance.
Main ArtistsPietro da Cortano, a trompe l’oeil, and Peter Paul Rubens propagated Baroque in the beginning.Francois Boucher and Giambattista Tiepolo were the prominent figures of Rococo art.
Time of Existence15th century17th century
Shades Used in Major ArtworksContrasting shades were blended in the authentic pieces of Baroque artwork. Pastel shades and floral inputs were the fundamentals of Rococo.
Style of Furniture CarvingsA lot of curves were used in Baroque furniture pieces. Elegance and golden hues were added to most Rococo furniture.

What is Baroque?

Baroque means imperfection in Latin. Some sources also suggest that this word has been derived from the etymological roots of pearl, symbolizing the protruding appearance of most figures and figurines.

The feminine approach made this art form more complicated, but the apt detailing attracted art lovers worldwide. As far as the ongoing movement is concerned, the events have been linked to the Protestant movement.

Baroque has its roots in Europe. Since their culture was predominated by style and artefacts, the Baroque artists lived well.

Most of the artists were of a Catholic viewpoint, and sociologists are of the opinion that their views were expressed indirectly through these intricate paintings.

The depiction of movement is metaphorically displayed as the movement of thought. During Renaissance, people felt that the thought process was going through a leap.

Baroque artists were known for creating rough sketches before blending in the colours. A final touch was given by adding additional curves to facilitate the emphasis of movement.

Some of the popular structures of elite significance include Aeneas Flees Burning Troy and the main altar of St. John’s Co-Cathedral. They were so dark that people thought that the concept of brightness was faded in those times.


What is Rococo?

Rococo has its roots in France. This art form had many decorative pieces with a lot of added lustre. The usage of golden color is the main characteristic of Rococo art.

The artists wished to depict how the people tried to complement their lives with extra resources as revolutions were taking place. Despite the prevalent darkness, the brighter side was visible.

These paintings and furniture pieces imbibed a lot of positivity. Rococo art radiated romance in its purest form. Though no named figures have been incorporated into the list, artists preferred to draw their fictional romantic figures as per the circumstances of those times.

Though colors were aptly used, the blending of browns and matte shades of red make it all look much more intriguing. Flowers are also one of the central themes of Rococo art.

These inclusions made the figures less intense and metaphorical, though each painting told a story.

Rococo can be considered as a subset of the Baroque movement in simpler terms. In a Venn diagram, if Baroque is a bigger circle, Rococo is a smaller circle existing inside the bigger circle.

The royal people still consider it a luxury to incorporate such Renaissance period arts in lavish places.


Main Differences Between Baroque And Rococo

  1. Baroque’s painting style incorporates the depiction of movement in the most contemporary form. On the other hand, Rococo lays much emphasis on romantic moments and the mythology of those times.
  2. The prominent figures of the Baroque segment were Pietro da Cortano, a trompe l’oeil, and Peter Paul Rubens. Francois Boucher and Giambattista Tiepolo acted as the torchbearers for the Rococo style of art.
  3. Baroque was at its peak around the 15th century, while Rococo flourished during the later years of the 17th century.
  4. As far as the color implementation is concerned, Baroque used only contrasting shades in blended form. On the contrary, Rococo was a non-blended mode with pastel shades and a tinge of gold.
  5. Baroque predominated mostly with curved designs in the furniture embellishments, whereas Rococo kept it simple with a brilliant elegance of shimmer.
Difference Between Baroque and Rococo
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