Difference Between Rheumatic Arthritis and Ankylosing Spondylitis (With Table) 

Many diseases are very prevalent among humans. Sometimes, some diseases are caused not due to foreign factors but affected by the body’s defense system. Those diseases are known as autoimmune diseases. However, there is an underlying reason for combating own body’s defense. Yet, it is not specified. One of the autoimmune diseases is Rheumatic Arthritis and Ankylosing Spondylitis.  

Rheumatic Arthritis vs Ankylosing Spondylitis

The main difference between Rheumatic Arthritis and Ankylosing Spondylitis is that rheumatic arthritis affects the musculoskeletal system to the extremities. While Ankylosing Spondylitis affects the mobility of the spine and sacroiliac joints. Rheumatic Arthritis doesn’t generally doesn’t affect the axial skeleton as Ankylosing Spondylitis. Rheumatic Arthritis causes immense inflammation in the synovium or the membrane. Meanwhile,  Ankylosing Spondylitis only causes the enthesis. Lastly, Rheumatic Arthritis usually occurs between 30 to 40 years, while Ankylosing Spondylitis usually occurs between 20 to 30 years. 

Rheumatic Arthritis is the autoimmune disease of the musculoskeletal system that affects the joints in the extremities. It also affects bone and even organs sometimes. Unlike Ankylosing Spondylitis, it doesn’t affect the axial skeleton. Moreover, It causes immense inflammation in the synovium or the membrane, i.e, lining around the joints. Rheumatic Arthritis usually occurs between 30 to 40 years and is common in females rather than males. Furthermore, It has an eminent influence on health due to heart disease complications. 

Ankylosing Spondylitis is likewise an autoimmune disease that affects bone, joints, and even organs, but it doesn’t affect joints in the extremities. Preferably, it affects the mobility of the spine and sacroiliac joints.  Moreover, it only causes inflammation to the enthesis. Ankylosing Spondylitis usually occurs between 20 to 30 years and is common among males than females. Furthermore, it has a lesser impact on health than Rheumatic Arthritis. 

Comparison Table Between Rheumatic Arthritis and Ankylosing Spondylitis

Parameters of comparisonRheumatic Arthritis Ankylosing Spondylitis
Affected part rheumatic arthritis affects the musculoskeletal system to the extremities. Ankylosing Spondylitis affects the mobility of the spine and sacroiliac joints. 
Affects axial skeleton Rheumatic Arthritis doesn’t generally affect the axial skeleton. It affects the axial skeleton. 
Inflammation partRheumatic Arthritis causes enormous inflammation in the synovium or the membrane. Ankylosing Spondylitis only causes the enthesis.
AgeRheumatic Arthritis usually occurs between 30 to 40 years. Ankylosing Spondylitis usually occurs between 20 to 30 years. 
Common in females or malesRheumatic Arthritis is prevalent in females rather than males. Ankylosing Spondylitis is common among males than females. 
Influence on healthIt has an eminent influence on health due to heart disease complications.It has a lesser impact on health than Rheumatic Arthritis. 

What is Rheumatic Arthritis?

Rheumatic Arthritis is the autoimmune disease of the musculoskeletal system that affects the joints in the extremities. It also affects bone and even organs sometimes. It is one of the common rheumatic diseases. Additionally, it is also termed RA. 

The significant symptom is inflammation and stiffening of joints, although it is usually influenced extremities in both hands and feet. Besides, it also affects the bilateral involvement of both joints. 

Some people experience eminent pain due to inflammation and stiffening. And some other types of rheumatic diseases are similar to Rheumatic Arthritis.  

 Some similar symptoms are present in rheumatic arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis, such as morning stiffness, nausea, and fatigue. Although, both have indistinguishable influences on patients’ lives. But, with time persistent pain and mobility can be affected as a result a person’s life is changed a lot. 

Unlike Ankylosing Spondylitis, it doesn’t affect the axial skeleton. Moreover, It causes immense inflammation in the synovium or the membrane, i.e, lining around the joints. 

Rheumatic Arthritis occurs usually between 30 to 40 years and is common in females rather than males. In early adulthood, it doesn’t affect a person’s health. But it affects at a later stage of adulthood. 

Furthermore, It has a more prominent influence on health due to heart disease complications. 

What is Ankylosing Spondylitis? 

Ankylosing Spondylitis is likewise an autoimmune disease that affects bone, joints, and even organs, but it doesn’t affect joints in the extremities. Preferably, it affects the mobility of the spine and sacroiliac joints. It is also one of the common rheumatic diseases. 

The significant symptom is inflammation and stiffening of the spine and its part, although, with time, it may lead to a bent posture. Additional symptoms may include chronic back pain, severe arthritis of the sacroiliac joints, and the lumbosacral spine. Unlike rheumatic arthritis, it doesn’t affect the extremities of the joints.  

Besides, it also influences the axial skeleton. Moreover, it only causes inflammation to the enthesis. Enthesis is the spot where the bone is inserted by a tendon

Some similar symptoms present in rheumatic arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis, such as morning stiffness, nausea, and fatigue. Although, both have indistinguishable influences on patients’ lives. But, with time, persistent pain and mobility can be affected as a result a person’s life is changed a lot. 

 Ankylosing Spondylitis usually occurs between 20 to 30 years and is common among males than females. It affects the person’s health at the onset of adulthood, unlike RA.  

It can be augmented with exercise, but it is worse at night. Furthermore, it has a lesser impact on health than Rheumatic Arthritis.

Main Differences Between Rheumatic Arthritis and Ankylosing Spondylitis

Both diseases seem pretty similar due to some common symptoms, although they are very different from each other. Rheumatic Arthritis and Ankylosing Spondylitis falls under the class of autoimmune diseases. However, they are caused because of combat of the body’s own defense due to unknown reasons. Nowadays, these diseases are very common, and many age groups are affected by them.

  1. Rheumatic arthritis affects the musculoskeletal system to the extremities. While Ankylosing Spondylitis affects the mobility of the spine and sacroiliac joints. 
  2. Rheumatic Arthritis doesn’t generally affect the axial skeleton. On the other hand, Ankylosing Spondylitis does.
  3. Rheumatic Arthritis causes immense inflammation in the synovium or the membrane. Meanwhile, Ankylosing Spondylitis only causes the enthesis.  
  4. Rheumatic Arthritis is prevalent in females rather than males. In contrast, Ankylosing Spondylitis is common among males than females. 
  5. Rheumatic Arthritis has an eminent influence on health due to heart disease complications. Meanwhile, Ankylosing Spondylitis has a lesser impact on health than Rheumatic Arthritis.  
  6. Rheumatic Arthritis usually occurs between 30 to 40 years, while Ankylosing Spondylitis usually occurs between 20 to 30 years. 

Conclusion 

Some diseases are produced by the body’s defensive mechanism, rather than by external causes. Autoimmune illnesses are the term for these conditions. However, there is almost certainly a cause for opposing one’s own body’s protection. It is not, however, specified. Rheumatic Arthritis and Ankylosing Spondylitis are two autoimmune disorders.

Rheumatic Arthritis is a musculoskeletal autoimmune disease that affects the joints in the extremities. It can potentially damage bone and even organs. It does not damage the axial skeleton, unlike Ankylosing Spondylitis. Furthermore, it produces severe inflammation in the synovium or membrane, which is the joint lining. Females are more likely than males to develop rheumatic arthritis between the ages of 30 and 40. It also has an immense impact on health as a result of heart disease problems.

Ankylosing Spondylitis is an autoimmune illness that affects bone, joints, and even organs, although it does not impact extremity joints. Preferably, it affects the spine’s and sacroiliac joints’ mobility. Furthermore, it solely produces enthesis inflammation. Ankylosing Males are more likely than females to develop spondylitis between the ages of 20 and 30. In addition, it has a lower health impact than Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA).

References

  1. https://www.clinexprheumatol.org/article.asp?a=3710
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