Difference Between Sand and Soil

There are many particles present in our environment that look similar. Even some of them have similar names. It is important to have a basic knowledge about them and how they are different.


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Sand vs Soil

The difference between Sand and Soil is in terms of their nature of being organic and porous. They also differ in terms of the ability to hold water. Both sand and soil are made up of different components. They both have different weights and different types as well. Sand is relatively smaller in size than soil and is a part of a type of soil.

Sand vs Soil

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Sand is the small granules formed when mountains and other harder substance is crushed into smaller particles. They can resist melting at high temperatures. It is organic but not more than soil.

Soil is a mixture of different substances, especially organic matter. It is the topmost layer of the earth that can be seen and touched.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonSandSoil
NatureLess organicMore organic
Capacity to hold waterIt does not hold waterHolds water
Common componentSilicon dioxideOrganic matter
Made up ofAir, water, and organic matterCalcium, silica, other minerals.

What is Sand?

It is a naturally occurring material found on land. It has a diameter of 0.0625mm minimum and a maximum of 2 mm. Some rare types of sand include white sand.

As discussed above it is becoming extinct and is available in small quantity, therefore, many country imports sand. It can only melt under high and scorching temperatures, and for the same reason, sand on a beach does not melt.

Uses of Sand

  1. To filter water.
  2. To have a grip.
  3. For making sandpaper.
  4. For cleaning oil and greasy liquids.
  5. For road base.

There are several usages of sands except the above.

Types of Sands:

  1. Pit sand: it is found in red or orange color and has rough, sharp, and usually sharp grains.
  2. River sand: it has fine grains formed by the water current and is in whitish-grey.
  3. Sea Sand: sand eroded by seawater and is brown. Grains are circular.
  4. Manufactured sand: it is when hard granite stones are crushed into small granules.

What is Soil?

It is an organic substance that has a natural occurrence. Soil is not made by anyone. There are several uses of the soil that includes:

  1. Agriculture usage: Or crops and plants need certain nutrition content for proper growth and development.
  2. Building: It is also one of the main reasons for the exploitation of soil, as industries use tons of soil for the construction process.
  3. Poetry: after adding a proportionate amount of water to a certain type of soil, several utensils and other things can be made.
  4. Medicine: Mostly for antibiotics as it has microbes that are dangerous for harmful bacteria that can enter our body.
  5. Beauty Products: From foundation to blush, soil is used in most makeup-related products.

Main Differences Between Sand and Soil

  1. They are also different in terms of weight; Sand is much lighter when compared to the heavier soil.
  2. Soil can also be red, white sand can also be green in color, while the rest of all the colors are the same.
Difference Between Sand and Soil
  1. https://www.jstor.org/stable/4297985
  2. https://www.jstor.org/stable/25741536
  3. https://soil.copernicus.org/articles/1/117/2015/
  4. https://soil.copernicus.org/articles/2/111/2016/
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