Sensible vs Latent Heat: Difference and Comparison

There are different types of heat available in chemistry. Some can be felt by a human body, and some others cannot be felt. Learning them is very important as it will help in understanding the scientific changes that happen around us.

There are two types of heat called sensible heat and the other is called latent heat is available with differences. 

Key Takeaways

  1. Sensible heat involves temperature change without phase change, while latent heat involves phase change without temperature change.
  2. Sensible heat can be measured directly, whereas latent heat requires calculating energy absorbed or released during phase change.
  3. Latent heat is associated with internal energy changes, while sensible heat is associated with kinetic energy changes.

Sensible vs Latent Heat

Sensible heat is the form of heat that can be felt by humans. It is added or removed from a substance that results in a change of temperature but not a change in state. Latent heat is the type of heat that is absorbed or released by an object during a change in phase such as evaporation or melting. Its temperature remains constant.

Sensible vs Latent Heat

Sensible heat is the heat that is measured by the human body. The heat which a human body can feel will fall under this category.

In this sense, heat can be felt by the human body and checked with the thermometer. But nonsensible heat cannot be felt by a human body and cannot be checked with the help of a thermometer.

Latent heat is the heat that is measured with the help of a graph. This type of heat measurement is important for the source of energy that is in the development of hurricanes or thunderstorms.

Latent heat is only a positive quantity. It cannot be negative. Only the latent heat of condensation and the fusion can be negative. Other than that, all others are positive.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonSensible HeatLatent Heat
DefinitionThe temperature in the object will either increase or decreaseThe temperature in the object will not change and it is measured with help of a graph
Phase transitionIt is used for phase transitionIt is not used for phase transition
Energy changesThe internal energy of matterEnergy change between matter and surroundings
TemperatureThe temperature will keep on changingConstant
Phase changesSolid, liquid, and gasThey don’t have any phase changes

What is Sensible Heat?

When we heat an object, the temperature in that object will get raised. This is what we call sensible heat. Similarly, when we remove heat from an object, the temperature in that object will fall.

Also Read:  Heat vs Em Heat: Difference and Comparison

This type of process is also called sensible heat. So the change in the heat caused is called sensible heat. Here the energy released during the change in temperature is also taken into account. 

Sensible heat is the amount of heat that is registered on our thermostat. This thermostat will reflect a temperature change. So, the amount of energy that is increased or decreased is taken into consideration.

This type of heat can be felt by the human body. Any kind of heat that we feel in our human body is called Sensible heat. The energy in this will be moved from one system to another system.

For example, if we add water to the vessel, the temperature in that water will increase.

After some time, when we keep the water cool down, the temperature in that will decrease. There are even two different types of sensible heat available. They are called sensible heat and non-sensible heat.

Sensible heat means you can measure either the gain or loss with the help of a thermometer. A non-sensible heat means the temperature in that will decrease, and you cannot measure it using a thermometer.

sensible heat

What is Latent Heat?

It is the amount of energy that is either absorbed or released during the change that happens in a physical state. This type of change will occur without changing its temperature.

Latent heat is normally measured in terms of units, that is, by using joules or calories. This is expressed in terms of the amount of heat. 

This type of heat will change depending upon the type of state, such as solid, liquid, or gas. Also, it will differ among different types of liquids.

Also Read:  Newt vs Salamander: Difference and Comparison

For example, if the amount needed for the conversion of 1kg of a liquid at the boiling point is at the same gas temperature. There are three types of latent heat available.

They are differed by fusion, vaporization, and sublimation. Latent heat cannot be felt in a normal human body.

We can measure it with the help of a graph which is either cooling or heating. For this, we need a heater to mature the latent heat. With the help of that, we can draw a graph which will then give the latent heat.

Latent heat can also be measured at the steam of the atmospheric pressure. This is again calculated with kilojoules or kilograms. Latent heat can also be measured with evaporated or melted water. 

false

Main Differences Between Sensible and Latent Heat

  1. Sensible heat can be felt by a normal human body. On the other hand, latent heat cannot be felt by the human body.
  2. There are two types of sensible heat available. But there are three types of latent heat available.
  3. The energy change used in sensible heat is internal. On the other hand, the energy change used in latent heat is between matter and surroundings.
  4. The temperature in sensible heat will change. But the temperature in latent heat is constant. 
  5. Sensible heat will have phase changes. On the other hand, latent heat will not have any phase changes.
References
  1. https://rmets.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/joc.1112
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960148106001121

Last Updated : 23 August, 2023

dot 1
One request?

I’ve put so much effort writing this blog post to provide value to you. It’ll be very helpful for me, if you consider sharing it on social media or with your friends/family. SHARING IS ♥️

19 thoughts on “Sensible vs Latent Heat: Difference and Comparison”

  1. An insightful explanation between the differences of Sensible and Latent heat. It summarizes the basic but crucial differences.

    Reply

Leave a Comment

Want to save this article for later? Click the heart in the bottom right corner to save to your own articles box!