Difference Between Shall and Would (With Table)

English is a global language, and one must have a basic sense of it to communicate in a majority of spaces. Primarily, both shall and would are verbs used to indicate future events in a sentence, but they can be used for other purposes as well.

Shall vs Would

The difference between shall and would is that shall is used for expressing instructions, commands, suggestions, and strong assertions. However, would is used to express desires, polite requests, opinions, wishes, or regrets.

Shall is a modal verb and is used to express future tense. Though, it must be used with the first person to express future events. It is majorly used in British English. It is replaced by will in the modern world, but it is still majorly used in formal circumstances. 

Would, on the other hand, is the past form of will but is used in various other circumstances. It is a modal auxiliary verb used to express any past event or describe any future event in the past. It is also used to express the conditional mood.

Comparison Table Between Shall and Would

Parameters of Comparison ShallWould
Definition Shall is a modal verb and can be used for forming future tense when used with the first person. Would is the past tense of will and can be used as a verb itself too.
Verb TypeIt is used as an auxiliary verb or modal verb. It is used as a modal verb.
Tense TypeIt is a future form of tense. It is a past form of tense but it is used in future scenarios as well.
IndicationIt indicates obligation, suggestions, or instructions. Indicates polite requests, opinions, desires, or requests.
Sentence UsageShall I send back the watch?
Every child shall succeed in the game.
I would love to go to your place.
I would imagine that they are home by now.

What is Shall?

Shall is an auxiliary modal verb, and it indicates the reference of future in a sentence. It is used in the first person if future tense is used in a sentence. Its usage indicates the formalness of a scenario. Such as, I think I shall be busy tomorrow, given the current circumstances.

Other than that, it is used in other contexts as well. It is used to express assertions or strongly express one’s intentions. For instance, you shall receive all the love that is owed to you.

Its usage differs while questioning or offering suggestions. For example, shall we host a party? Shall I help you with the laundry? Where shall we meet today? Shall can be used for offering help, and it indicates politeness.

The questions posed in the formerly stated examples show different usage of shall. The word has been used to offer help, suggestion, and advice.

It is also used to express the determination that something will happen. There is a sense of strong assertion in such sentences. For example, we will study hard and shall succeed in the exam. Shall does not have any participles and infinitive forms. It is used to form the future tense of another verb, but it does not have a future tense of its own. Though, it should is used sometimes as the past tense of shall.

What is Would?

Would is an auxiliary verb and is sometimes used as a modal auxiliary verb. Primarily, it is used to talk about the past. It is a past form of will, but it is also used as it is to express different scenarios. As an auxiliary verb, would is invariable, and it goes only its one form.

It is also used to express the past tense of will or going to. In reported speech, would is commonly used as the past tense of will or going to. For example, I thought it would not rain, so I did not bring my umbrella.

Would is also used for expressing future in the past. In other words, it is used when talking about the past and expressing something that has not happened at that point in time. For example, she intentionally missed the party, unaware that she would meet her long-lost friend there.

It is also used to express conditionals in a sentence. For instance, she would be expelled if they identified her; if I had the money, I would have gone on the trip. In the same structure, it is also used to advise someone. Such as ‘I would not do that if I were you.’

Main Differences Between Shall and Would

  1. Shall is used to indicate present tense in a sentence but Would majorly indicates the past form.
  2. Use of shall indicates obligation and formality but Would is used in informal conversations, making sarcastic comments, and polite requests.
  3. Usage of would indicates more politeness whereas shall indicates formality and therefore, it is used in courts.
  4. Shall is the base form, and its past form is should, whereas would is a past form itself, and as a modal auxiliary verb, it does not have any other participles. But it is the past form of will.
  5. Shall is used to indicate future or sometimes present events in a sentence but would is used for past events or imaginary events or conditionals.

Conclusion

Both would and shall are verbs, but their usage is not limited to like other verbs. Both these can change the meaning of a sentence. A sentence that could have been a claim can be changed into a sarcastic comment with a few changes.

Would is used for expressing opinions, hope, wishes, regrets, expectations, presumptions, uncertain situations, and derogatory comments. Shall, on the other hand, is used for making suggestions, being determined that something will happen, asking for advice, expressing strong intentions, etc.

Shall is used to make something sound more formal or dramatic. Whereas would is used in more informal contexts. Though, exceptions are always there. The rules in the English language are clear, but they can get confusing if one does not practice enough.

References

  1. https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/9783110895339.267/html
  2. https://www.jstor.org/stable/2918384
  3. https://heinonline.org/hol-cgi-bin/get_pdf.cgi?handle=hein.journals/scrib3&section=13
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