Difference Between Snake Bites and Spider bites

Different health issues are caused by different issues and claim a lot of life. Health issues can be caused due to some external factors that are detrimental to our health systems. Bites of certain animals such as snakes and spiders can cause such health issues and have claimed a lot of life.

Snake Bites vs Spider Bites

The main difference between snake bites and spider bites is that snake bites are generally caused by attacks on human beings by a venomous snake whereas spider bite is an injury caused by spider bites. Snake bites are mechanisms used by snakes to protect themselves or to kill their prey this applies equally to spider bites.

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Snakebite is followed by an increased heart rate which is a result of fear. Other symptoms are nausea vomiting, fainting, etc. It is hard to determine the symptom as they depend on the type of snake that caused the injury. Two puncture wounds are characteristic of a snake bite followed by swelling which may appear very late.

Spider bites are also called arachnidism and are caused by the biting of a spider. Most spider bites are not significant however bites from certain species can cause neural damage as they contain neurotoxic venom. One such species of spider is the widow spider. General symptoms of such bites are muscle ache, sweating, or pain at the site of the bite.

Comparision Table Between Snake Bites and Spider Bites

Parameters of ComparisonSnake BitesSpider Bites
SymptomsNausea, vomiting, blurred vision, etc. are the symptoms of a snake bite.Muscle pain, sweating, and pain at the site of puncture are the symptoms of a spider bite.
SeveritySnake bites are serious injuries. It can lead to death.In most cases, it is not deadly.
DefinitionIt is an injury caused by a bite from a snake.It is an injury caused by a bite from a spider.
Causing agentIt is caused by snakes and the number of such snakes is large.It is caused by spiders. Their number is very small.
Size of the fang of causing agentThe size of their fangs is large enough to penetrate human skin.The size of the fang is generally small and is not big enough to penetrate human skin.

What is Snake Bites?

WHO categorizes snake bites as Neglected Tropical Disease. According to WHO snake bites are a public health issue generally prevalent in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. According to the estimates almost 4.5 million to 5.4 million are affected by this health issue each year.

The symptoms are mild in case of a dry bite. Most snake bites are not deadly but if the venom is neurotoxic and treatment is delayed then it may cause serious tissue damage and in some cases death. To prevent severe effects one should keep a few things in mind.

General treatment should be avoided and one must rush to a hospital. The person should be calmed down and any tight cloth or jewelry around the affected area must be removed to prevent swelling. One must not attempt to suck out the venom as it could be deadly and cutting the affected area must be prevented.

In severe cases it may lead to kidney failure, tissue death, bleeding, etc. so, care must be taken and one must try to identify the type of snake that caused the injury. Finding the type of snake is very helpful in administering antivenom as it is specific to the specific snake. In the case of an unidentified agent, antivenom can be administered based on a prevalent snake in the area.

What is Spider Bites?

Spider bites are not so severe in most cases. However, it can cause serious damage if the spider is venomous. The spider bite may lead to severe pain and necrotic skin around the area of the bite. It happens in rare cases.

For a bite to be significantly dangerous a particular dose of venom is required which is not the case with spider bites. Spiders generally use their venom to kill their prey and their fangs are very small so in most cases, it causes little to no harm. It can be treated with anti-inflammatory drugs coupled with antihistamines for itching.

In very severe cases antivenom should be used. It must be considered if the venom is neurotoxic in nature. The type of spider must be known as it helps to prevent misdiagnosis. To prevent spider bites several cares can be taken. One can keep clutter around clean and pesticide is highly recommended.

Several conditions arise from spider bites. In one such condition called tarantism, the person affected dances wildly. Necrosis is also one of the conditions reported which is attributed to the bites of recluse spiders. In most cases, spider bites are misdiagnosed due to a lack of knowledge and experiments.

Main Differences Between Snake Bites and Spider Bites  

  1. Snake bites are severe and can be deadly if misdiagnosed whereas spider bites are not so dangerous and cause serious effects in rare cases.
  2. It is caused by a bite of a venomous snake whereas it is caused by a bite of a spider.
  3. Antivenom is necessary in case of a snake bite but is generally not necessary in case of a spider bite.
  4. Several species of snakes are there that can cause severe damage to the health of the person whereas only a few species cause very serious illness.
  5. Snake bites generally have proper treatment due to several experiments and antivenom which is not the case in spider bites.

Conclusion

Spider bites and snake bites are both public health issues. The severity of both health issue however differs the former is less severe and, in most cases, cause little to no harm but the latter can cause serious health issues if misdiagnosed. The treatment for snake bites is antivenom and the affected person must be taken to a hospital.

The treatment for spider bites is not very severe and can be treated using anti-inflammatory and pain killers. Spider bites can take severe turns if the venom injected by the spider is neurotoxic. In both cases, knowledge of the species helps to fasten the diagnosis.

References

  1. https://www.jstor.org/stable/26301236
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2536242/
  3. https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140673609611594/fulltext
  4. https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev.ento.53.103106.093503
  5. https://www.ajol.info/index.php/samj/article/view/157941
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