Difference Between Socialism and Fascism (With Table)

Socialism and fascism are two different forms of government. Each of these forms of government follows different regulations, beliefs and ideas about various aspects. There are some similarities between them, but at the same time, they differ from each other in broad aspects.

Socialism vs Fascism

The difference between socialism and fascism is that socialism focuses on social equality, whereas fascism focuses on strengthening the nation. Fascism puts the country before any individual. Socialism is more spread in today’s world than the fascism.

Socialism can be described as one of the forms of government. This form of government believes that a lot of various properties, some of the productions pf natural resources, etc. should be owned and controlled by the state. The people who follow socialism are called socialists. The socialists believe, giving such controls over properties, investments ad productions to the state will ensure equality among people. However, this idea includes various factors that should be considered.

We can describe fascism as a form of government which signifies that the whole country’s power should be in the hand of only one ruler. It was first started in Italy in the early 20th century and took a massive turn in Europe by the end of the world war II to strengthen the german nazis by Adolf Hitler. Fascism does not tolerate the opposition, and it focuses on spreading the “superior ideology” everywhere.

Comparison Table Between Socialism and Fascism

Parameters of ComparisonSocialismFascism
Type of governmentBelieves in giving the county’s powers to the state.Believes in giving the county’s powers to just one ruler.
FocusSocial equalityStrengthening the nation
Citizen RightsProvides all the rights.Do not provide freedom of speech and assembly.
OriginA different historical event.Italy in the early 20th century.
Today’s worldMore spread in today’s world.Less than socialism.

What is Socialism?

Socialism can be described as the form of government that believes that a lot of various properties, some of the productions of natural resources, economy, etc. should be owned and controlled by the state. It follows multiple regulations and has specific ideas and beliefs. The people who work in this type of government are called socialists. So basically this they are opposed to capitalism, which refers to private ownership.

The socialists believe that giving controls over properties, investments ad productions to specific individuals will lead towards the misuse of wealth and power. They think that these individual are the more prosperous part of the society and hence make their own decisions such as the choice of a property. And this does not leave many options to the more inferior part of the community.

So the socialist believes that giving these controls to the state will ensure equality. However, these decisions require a lot of in-depth discussions and debates. Socialists often go through various arguments with each other for making such decisions—some topics among them the conclusion of the things that the government should control.

Some believe it should control everything other than personal items, whereas others believe that private and small businesses should be given independence too. Another concern is in what way the society should practice these controls in various areas. Every person has their ideas for such matters.

What is Fascism?

Fascism is basically the form of government which signifies that the whole country’s power should be in the hands only one ruler. This form of government was initiated in Italy in the early 20th century. One of its examples is led by Adolf Hitler, who followed this form of government in Europe during the end of the second world war to strengthen the german nazis.

Fascism is usually based on three different philosophies, i.e. everything in the state, nothing outside the state and nothing against the state. This government tends to keep the nation before the needs of any individual.

Fascism does not tolerate the opposition, and it makes the public of the country follow strict rules and regulation. The citizens in these countries do not usually have certain rights that the citizens of other countries without fascism posses.

Fascism often focuses on spreading the “superior ideology” everywhere. They ensure strong government influence on industrial sectors, economy, productions sector, etc. they do not give their citizens the freedom of speech or assembly. No one here can go against the government.

Difference Between Socialism and Fascism

  1. Socialism is a form of government which believes that the power and wealth of the country should be controlled by the state. In comparison, fascism is the form of government that says that this control should be given in the hand of only one ruler.
  2. Socialism focuses on social equality, whereas fascism focuses on strengthening the nation and spreading the “superior ideology” everywhere.
  3. Fascism tends to stop the people of their nation in many ways; it does not give them the freedom of speech or assembly. At the same time, socialism doesn’t follow any of these rules.
  4. Different historical events have led to the formation of this type of governments.
  5. Socialism is more spread in today’s world than fascism.

Conclusion

Various forms of government work according to their beliefs and ideologies. They have made their own set of rules and regulations according to what they feel is right for their nation. Socialism and fascism are two different forms of government. However, both of these forms differ in comprehensive aspects, but both of them work to strengthen their nations and citizens.

Socialism is that form of government which beliefs in giving the power of controlling various functions of the country to the state. They believe that providing these powers to individuals may result in the misuse of power and money. And on the other hand, giving this control to the government will result in social equality. However, various aspects should be kept in mind to make such decisions.

On the other hand, fascism is the form of government which believes that the power of the whole country should be given to just one ruler. The fascism government does not provide its citizens with the freedom of speech or assembly, as well as various other rights. they focus on spreading the “superior ideology” everywhere and do not tolerate oppositions. one of the examples of this kind of government was led by Adolf Hitler in Europe during the end of the second world war.

References

  1. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/j.1467-9248.1977.tb00141.x
  2. https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/review-of-politics/article/african-socialism-socialism-and-fascism-an-appraisal/D1C8980900B66F956B164F5EA5BA8E62
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