Difference Between CBSE and SSC

The curriculum of the course, examination patterns, marking schemes are specified differently by each state under the SSC. While the CBSE board has a uniform exam pattern and curriculum that is applicable to all schools certified by the board throughout the country.


The difference between CBSE and SSC is that while the Central Board of Secondary Education is regulated and managed by the central government of India, the responsibility for regulating the State Secondary Certificate examination lies with the respective state governments.


The syllabi of each of these examinations are differently formulated and regulated by the respective levels of governmental boards that authorize them. 

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonCBSESSC
Regulatory AuthorityCBSE board is regulated by the central government of India.SSC board is regulated by the state governments of India.
Full-FormCentral Board of Secondary Education.State Secondary Certificate.
Syllabus Formulating AuthorityThe syllabus is formulated by the National Council of Educational Research and Training.The syllabus for the SSC examination is formulated by the state education boards of each state in India.   
Emphasis of EnglishEnglish is the mode of instruction and the focus is on acing the communicative and literary use of the language.English is usually secondary in most SSC affiliated schools, as regional languages gain preeminence.
Course Difficulty LevelsTougher courses than the SSC syllabus.Easier course structure.
Curriculum FocusA holistic curriculum is created that lays equal emphasis on learning and extra-curricular activities.The focus of the curriculum is on learning, extra-curricular activities are evaluated as simply ancillary additions.
UniformityThe syllabus and curriculum is uniform all over the country.The syllabus and curriculum vary in each state.
Competitive EdgeCBSE is a better fit for competitive examination aspirants.SSC board education may not help the child develop the competitive edge needed to ace such exams.

What is CBSE?

CBSE connotes the Central Board of Secondary Education. It is regulated by the central government of India. CBSE schools are well-reputed for their distinctive focus on English proficiency and the provision of holistic education to all students.

The CBSE syllabus and curriculum is specially crafted by the National Council of Educational Research and Training. The concentric syllabus of a CBSE affiliated school is much coveted for instilling in students a distinctive competitive edge.

The uniformity of the course structure is maintained throughout the CBSE affiliated schools across the country. This is especially beneficial for students who have to frequently relocate.

The syllabus is designed to make learning fun for students, while also imbuing them with a spirit of critical thinking. Hence, the curriculum may often be described as tougher than most state boards.

CBSE is also reputed among its international peers and provides students an upper hand while seeking admission to colleges and universities abroad.


What is SSC?

State Secondary Certificate or SSC boards are controlled and regulated by the state governments of the different states of the Indian union. The state education boards of each state decide the structure of the syllabus and curriculum for SSC affiliated schools in that state.

The course material of SSC affiliated schools are comparatively easier than other reputed boards in the country.  This makes the courses of SSC schools lack uniformity. The absence of a concentric syllabus deters many parents from making SSC schools their first choice.

English is not given preeminence in these schools. Moreover, the medium of instruction can be regional languages in some states. These may be considered the drawbacks of the board.

The curriculum is education oriented. Learning assumes superiority over all other extra-curricular activities. This may hinder the nurturing of an exceptionally talented child. Moreover, it may also make studying monotonous.


Main Differences Between CBSE and SSC

  1. The main difference between CBSE and SSC is that the former is regulated by the central government of India, while the latter is regulated and run by the respective state governments of the Indian union.
  2. The full-form of each abbreviation is considerably different. CBSE is the abbreviation used to connote the Central Board of Secondary Education, while SSC stands for State Secondary Certificate examinations.
  3. The CBSE syllabus is formulated by the National Council of Educational Research and Training. The syllabus for the SSC examination is formulated by the state education boards of each state in India. 
  4. Extra-curricular activities are not given equal importance in SSC affiliated schools. Learning is the sole focus of the curriculum. CBSE schools lay equal emphasis on both educational as well as extra-curricular development of the child. CBSE schools create a holistic curriculum for students.
  5. The syllabus and curriculum of the CBSE board is uniform across the country. All schools that are affiliated with the board have to adhere to the same clauses. While the SSC board syllabus, guidelines of operation, curriculum varies from one state to another. Each state government has considerable autonomy in shaping the structure of SSC examination patterns.
  6. The mode of instruction in a CBSE school is usually English. The curriculum implemented in CBSE certified schools emphasize on the effective learning of the English language and mastering communicative interaction using the same. While in the case of schools certified under the SSC board, the mode of instruction may be English or regional languages. The state board curriculum does not lay the same emphasis on learning communicative English.
  7. Evaluation of both syllabi reveals that the CBSE syllabus is more difficult than the courses taught in the state board schools. In the former, a criticality-oriented approach to learning is followed. Thus, exam questions may often vary from what is directly taught in the classes.
  8. CBSE is considered a better fit for those who aim to appear for competitive examinations. The course structure of these schools prepares students for such examinations. While state boards may not be a perfect fit for those aspiring to ace competitive exams.


  1. https://shodhgangotri.inflibnet.ac.in/handle/123456789/1581
  2. https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=
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