SRAM vs DRAM: Difference and Comparison

Random Access Memory is an acronym for the phrase “RAM.” It is a sort of memory that requires a continual source of electricity in order to keep the data stored in it.

This implies that if the power source to the laptop or PC is interrupted (turned off), the data saved in this following sense will be compromised.

RAM is classified into two types: SRAM and DRAM.

Key Takeaways

  1. SRAM is faster and more expensive than DRAM but requires more power and less storage density.
  2. DRAM is slower and less expensive than SRAM but is more power-efficient and has higher storage density.
  3. SRAM is used for cache memory and CPU registers, while DRAM is used for main memory.

SRAM vs DRAM

The difference between SRAM and DRAM is that SRAM construction and design are quite difficult. This is due to the fact that it implements its performance using multiple types of transistors. In contrast, due to its straightforward nature, DRAM is very simple to adopt.

Another distinction is that despite SRAM’s complicated design, its modules are more simplistic than DRAM modules.

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SRAM is a kind of semiconductor. It’s common in microprocessors, powerful computational operations, and electrical gadgets.

The SRAM is volatile, which means that when the power is turned off, all of the data contained in it is erased.

SRAM is made up of flip-flops. It is made up of 4-6 transistors, and once the flip flop records a bit, it keeps it preserved till the equivalent bit is held.

DRAM is a form of RAM that maintains each block of detail (0 or 1) in a memory module.

Memory cells are made up of two components, a small capacitor, and a transistor, both of which are predicated on (MOS) innovation.

The term “Dynamic” is adopted since DRAM’s state varies from 0 to 1 with time owing to the gradual loss of energy from the capacitors.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonSRAMDRAM
Full formStatic random-access memoryDynamic random-access memory
ApplicationsFocus is on the CPU’s L3 and L2 cache divisionsOperates as the primary memory
Size1 MB to 16 MB1 GB to 2GB and 4GB to 16GB for laptops
LocationSRAM can be found on the CPUDRAM can be located on a device’s motherboard
Storage capacityReduced storage capacityBigger storage capacity.  
Characteristics of Charge LeakageNo charge leaking concernsIt causes a leakage current

What is SRAM?

SRAM stands for Static Random-Access Memory.

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The phrase is pronounced “S-RAM” rather than “sram.” SRAM is a form of semiconductor memory that stores each bit using Bistable self-locking circuitry.

It stores bits via flip-flops. Each flip-flop has 4-6 transistors. The six-transistor storage block is used to process information in this sort of RAM.

Static RAM is mostly deployed as a processor cache memory (CPU).

SRAM is known to be quicker to access and conduct activities such as reading and writing. The data can be retrieved at any time.

It is quicker than DRAM since it does not need to be refreshed regularly.

It can provide access times of as little as 10 nanoseconds. Nevertheless, because SRAM requires more hardware and connections, an SRAM cell requires more space on a chip than a DRAM cell.

SRAM requires continual power to maintain its state of charge and is hence volatile. It also has two cross-coupled inverters.

These inverters are used to store data of the binary kind.

The SRAM idea is based on the continual changing of a current direction through the switches. It, like DRAM, has no costs. SRAM has a lower density and is scarcer.

Its modules are more straightforward. It is possible to create simple interfaces for accessing memory.

sram memory scaled

What is DRAM?

Dynamic random-access memory (DRAM) is a form of RAM that stores every piece of data inside another capacitor in any specific integrated circuit (IC) (integrated circuit).

A DRAM chip’s memory cells each carry one type of information and are made up of a transistor and a capacitor.

The transistor acts as a switch, allowing the memory chip’s control circuitry to read or modify the state of the capacitor, while the capacitor is responsible for storing the bit of data in the form of a 1 or 0.

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A capacitor functions similarly to a container that holds electrons.

When this container is filled, it represents a 1, but when it is empty, it represents a 0. Capacitors, on the other hand, have a permeability that results in losing this charge, and as a response, the “container” empties out in a matter of milliseconds.

Because of its simple nature, DRAM is relatively easy to operate.

The total transistor count in a memory module influences DRAM capacity.

As a result, the DRAM module has the potential to be 6 times more competent than the SRAM module (which has an equal number of transistors).

Although DRAM is slower because it must continually refresh data, which requires time.

This is precisely where the “Dynamic” in Dynamic RAM comes from since it alludes to the refreshing required to keep the data.

dram memory

Main Differences Between SRAM and DRAM

  1. SRAM is an abbreviated form of static random-access memory, while DRAM is an abbreviated form of dynamic random-access memory.
  2. SRAM’s application regions are the CPU’s L3 and L2 cache divisions. Whereas DRAM serves as the primary memory in pcs (for instance, DDR3).
  3. SRAM has a storage capacity ranging from 1 MB to 16 MB. Meanwhile, DRAM has a limit of approximately 1 GB to 2GB, and for laptops, the storage capacities range from 4GB to 16 GB.
  4. SRAM can be found on the CPU or remains stuck between any computational device’s CPU and primary storage. In contrast, DRAM can be located on a device’s motherboard.
  5. SRAM has a reduced storage capacity. DRAM, on the other hand, has a bigger storage capacity.
  6. SRAM has no charge leaking concerns. The DRAM, on the other hand, makes use of a capacitor, which causes a leakage current. It frequently necessitates the use of power refresh circuitry as well.
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References
  1. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/6513476/
  2. https://dl.acm.org/doi/abs/10.1145/2000064.2000094

Last Updated : 27 June, 2023

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7 thoughts on “SRAM vs DRAM: Difference and Comparison”

  1. I greatly appreciated this article, although I already knew everything about SRAM and DRAM, this gives an adequate explanation.

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