Difference Between Sweden and Switzerland (With Table)

The second smallest of the world’s continents; Europe, is composed of the peninsulas of Eurasia, i.e., the great landmass Europe shares with Asia. The continent occupies about one-fifteenth of the total land area of the world. It is rich in resources such as the sea, soil, forest and minerals (mainly coal). The people of Europe are well-educated and thoroughly skilled and therefore, are said to be its principal resource.

Sweden and Switzerland are two of the European countries which are often confused with each other by non-Europeans. Both countries belonging to the same continent have very few similarities and are distinct in almost everything.

Sweden vs Switzerland

The difference between Sweden and Switzerland is that Sweden is a Swedish country, whereas, Switzerland is a Swiss county.

Comparison Table Between Sweden and Switzerland

Parameter of Comparison SwedenSwitzerland
Geography Sweden lies to the west of the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Bothnia, in Europe. Switzerland being an inland country lies in the heart of Europe.
Neighbouring countries It shares its border with Norway and Finland.It is surrounded by Germany, Austria, Italy, Liechtenstein and France.
LandscapeThere are many lakes and agricultural lands. The northern part is mostly covered with forests. While it comprises of many hills and mountains and so is a mountainous landscape with no coastline.
ClimateIt experiences a temperate climate in the south and a colder one in the north. Whereas, it experiences a cold climate throughout the country.
AreaSweden is the fourth-largest country in Europe having a large area of 449,964 square km. Switzerland being one of the smallest European countries has a land area of 41,285 square km.
Population density The population density is 20.6/square km. Whereas, it has a higher population density of 186.5/square km.
Government It is a Constitutional monarchy led by the Prime Minister and the states have King and Queen as their heads.It is the Federal Republic which is led by the President.
Language Swedish is the only language spoken here. German, French, Italian and Rhaeto-Romantic are the languages spoken here.
CurrencyThe Swedish krona is the currency of Sweden. The Swiss franc is the currency of Switzerland.
Famous forIt is famous for its pop music, car manufacturing and the Nobel Prize. It is famous for Swiss cheese, chocolate, banking secrecy and precision watches.

What is Sweden?

Sweden, known as the Kingdom of Sweden officially, is a country in Northern Europe. It is surrounded by Norway in west and north, Finland in the east, and is connected to Denmark by a bridge-tunnel in the southwest. With an area of 449,964 square km, Sweden is the fourth-largest county in Northern Europe and the 55th-largest country in the world.

There are several coastal islands and lakes present in Sweden along with vast forests in the north and also glaciated mountains. Stockholm, the capital city of Sweden is built on 14 islands. It consists of more than 50 bridges, royal palaces as well as museums.

Swedes mainly speak Swedish as their primary language. They love listening to music and singing and also their pop culture is very rich. Moreover, the very prestigious and famous Nobel Prize is Sweden-based.

An increase in the gender log wage gap can be seen in Sweden throughout the wage distribution and this is interpreted as a strong Glass ceiling effect. Even after substantial controls for gender differences in age, education and occupation; the glass ceiling effect continues to spread considerably.

What is Switzerland?

Switzerland, known as the Swiss Confederation officially, is a country located at the junction of the western, central and southern Europe. It is bordered by Germany to the north, Italy to the south, France to the west, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. Extending up to a total area of 41,285 square km, Switzerland is one of the smallest European countries.

Home to several Swiss plateaus, lakes, villages and high ranges of Alps, Switzerland is a mountainous landscape. Bern is its capital city which contains medieval quarters along with famous landmarks like Lucerne’s wooden chapel bridge.

Being surrounded by five major European countries, it automatically becomes a nation with many primary languages. The Swiss people generally speak German, French, Italian, Rhaeto-Romantic and some broken English as well. The country is famous for hiking, skiing, climbing etc. Banking secrecy is a very strong tradition here. Swiss cheese, chocolates, and a dish named Fondue are the specialties of Switzerland.

Despite being a small nation, its political system is one of the most complicated and fascinating among others. It is often represented as a nation of multinational federalism and sets a benchmark in the world because of its political scenario.

Main Differences Between Sweden and Switzerland

  1. Sweden is a Swedish country with many lakes, forests and islands, while Switzerland is a Swiss inland country with no coastline.
  2. Sweden’s total area is 10 times larger than that of Switzerland. While the case of population density is vice-versa.
  3. Switzerland is the Federal Republic, whereas, Sweden is a Constitutional monarchy.
  4. Sweden has a temperate climate in the south and a cold climate in the north. But Switzerland has a cold climate throughout the country.
  5. Swedish is the official language of Sweden, while in Switzerland, German, French, Italy and Rhaeto-Romantic are spoken primarily.
  6. The Swiss people consume more cheese as compared to Swedes.

Conclusion

Basically, Sweden and Switzerland are two non-neighbouring countries of Europe, rather far apart from each other. Stockholm is 1500 km away from the northeast of Bern. Both countries are quite different in their culture, tradition, lifestyle, language, and even political scenario. Besides their names’ similarity, they have not many things in common.
Both countries are situated in Europe, have mountains, lakes and cold climates. The confusion begins here. Sweden covers a huge area being the fourth-largest in Europe and has varying weather patterns, while Switzerland has a very small area covered and has a stable climate as surrounded by the Alps.
To sum up, each country has its individual identity and is rich in various cultures and traditions. Many more differences make both these countries unique and set them apart.

References

  1. https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/344126
  2. http://diana-n.iue.it:8080/handle/1814/34905