Difference Between Theory X and Theory Y

The manager has to observe everything and then make a move. There are various approaches to manage people based on traits. Two theories for this are- Theory X and Theory Y. 

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Theory X vs Theory Y

The difference between theory x and theory y is that they both have different approaches. Theory x has a conventional approach to motivation. It is there on bleak assumptions. On the other hand, theory y is a dynamic and modern approach. It relies on assumptions that are practical and focuses on social needs. 

Theory X vs Theory Y

Theory X states that the manager should harshly treat the employees to achieve the goals of the organization. It says that it is the best way to persuade them so that they work effectively. 

It says that both their goals should not contradict each other. It is a democratic form of management and says that employees have enough self-motivation. 

Comparison Table

Parameters Of ComparisonTheory XTheory Y
DefinitionThis theory says that an employee lack dislikes his work, and he needs harsh treatment. This theory says that an individual is happy with his work and he will do the work effectively.
Leadership Autocratic style.Democratic style.
Motivation Lacks self-motivation.Has enough self-motivation.
ControlCentralization of authority.Decentralization of authority.
FocusIt focuses on security and psychological needs. It focuses on self-actualization and esteem needs.

What is Theory X?

In this theory, the management is extremely harsh. The authorities take a pessimistic view of their employees and consider them as people who lack self-motivation.

The style of management is authoritarian in this theory. The organizations who opt theory x have repetitive work, and remuneration is given based on performance.

There are certain assumptions to this theory- 

  1. The managers need to force and control the employees to get the work done. 
  2. They lack self-motivation and will not work effectively. 
  3. They need supervision at every step of their work. 

According to these assumptions, the management is responsible for acquiring resources to gain in the economy

What is Theory Y?

In this theory, the management is friendly and lets the employees participate in making decisions for the organization. The authorities take an optimistic view of their employees and consider them people who can motivate themselves in their way.

The goals of both the organization and the people working in it should not contradict. They focus on a collaborative environment and a relationship based on trust. Supervisors encourage the workers to build skills and develop themselves. 

There are certain assumptions to this theory- 

  1. An individual does not escape his responsibilities, but he seeks them. 
  2. They enjoy taking authority in their position and ownership of their work. 
  3. They need less direction and can work on their own. 

According to these assumptions, the management alone is not responsible for acquiring resources to grow in the economy. The employees are equally liable. 

Main Differences Between Theory X and Theory Y 

  1. Self-motivation is not there in theory x, while it is present in theory y. 
  2. There is centralization of authority in the company in theory x. On the other hand, there is a decentralization of command in the company in theory y. 
Difference Between Theory X and Theory Y

References

  1. https://journals.aps.org/pr/abstract/10.1103/PhysRev.139.A357
  2. https://redined.educacion.gob.es/xmlui/handle/11162/64896
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