Difference Between Human and Neanderthal

The human species has evolved for hundreds of decades at a stretch and the final version is much more advanced than the older ones.

These changes have been recorded by historians as well as biologists to identify specific traits.

As far as humans and neanderthals are concerned, they existed more than a century apart and the environment largely affected the way each of them perceived the world.

Human vs Neanderthal

The main difference between Humans and Neanderthals is that the former is much more advanced than the latter. Though both were civilized up to some extent, there has been a gradual increase in the technological advancements faced by humans. It is believed that clothing was common to both species. Since Neanderthals are extinct, much of the research work is focused on the latest species only.

Human vs Neanderthal

Human is the most advanced species of living beings presently inhabiting the seven continents on the earth. They live in concrete houses and eat cooked food.

They have all the facilities required for leading a peaceful life. Misuse of natural resources is on the rise due to the high population of humans.

Neanderthal is the penultimate species of living beings known to inhabit a corner of the earth for a few thousand years. They were too simplistic and focused only on easy ways of living. They were largely dependent on flora and fauna.

Comparison Table Between Human And Neanderthal

Parameters of ComparisonHumanNeanderthal
DefinitionA human can be defined as the latest inhabitant on earth. A neanderthal can be defined as a primitive human living during the ice age.
Evolution They might lead to the next big revolution in the technological era. The evolution of neanderthals took place from apes.
Scientific Name HomoSapiens is the scientific name of the present human species. Humans have assigned the name HomoNeanderthalensis to the neanderthals.
Innate Physical FeaturesOn the outer surface, humans are more erect. The bodily features of neanderthals included a bigger skull.
Innate Biological Features Biological mechanisms are affected due to ailments. Neanderthals had no means to know about ailments.

What is Human?

Humans, also known as HomoSapiens are the present version of human beings living on earth. They are advanced in terms of technology and means of livelihood.

The scope of territorial acquisitions has also increased. Not only the earth but also the other planets have been explored to a considerable extent due to the expanding dimensions of the human mind.

Though tribals still prefer to hunt and gather, a majority of the population is driven by agricultural activities.

The basic body structure of humans is much adaptive – the spleen is erect and the skull size has reduced. There are marked differences between females and males on emotional as well as physiological fronts.

The evolution is also linked to the predominant exchange of ideas between matriarchal and patriarchal forms of family. The group dynamics continue to operate in this special too but the variations make the societies much more homogenous.

The present version of this advanced species is expected to live as long as the earth exists. Robotic revolutions and the prevalence of artificial intelligence is considered to be the only threat.

Animals are also at risk due to the increasing dominance and consumption rates of humans. On the other hand, environmental exploitation might gradually lead to the downfall of the human population.

What is Neanderthal?

Neanderthals, also known as HomoNeanderthalensis are an extinct species, most closely related to humans. It is also believed that they were our forefathers who lived in a particular habitation around Europe.

Their society was a primitive one, made up of hunter-gatherers and there were no means to live a systematic life. They did not know the art of agriculture and collected only as much as they could consume in a day.

As far as observable biological characteristics are concerned, this species was much hairier and did not focus much on grooming. Clothing and housing were not paid heed to.

They mostly wore the skins of animals and apparel made up of dried leaves. Since the time of existence is related to the ice age, the people of those times relied on furry coats of dead animals to protect their bodies from the weather.

The extinction of neanderthals can be attributed to the environmental changes that made livelihood impossible. Some sources even suggest that wild predators led to the extinction since the Neanderthals were encroaching their territories through leaps and bounds.

The connection between this extinct species and presently cohabiting human beings is quite foggy. Still, the extinction of one species led to the dominance of another.

Main Differences Between Human And Neanderthal

  1. Human can be defined as latest inhabitants of earth while Neanderthal is extinct species of less advanced humans.
  2. The evolution of humans is technology based while Neanderthals were similar to apes.
  3. The scientific name of humans is regarded as HomoSapiens. Neanderthals are HomoNeanderthalensis.
  4. Some innate physiolgical features of humans like the skull volume is less than that of Nenderthals. The latter kept longer hair.
  5. The main difference in the innate biological features can be attributed to the DNA as humans have more complex features than Neanderthals. The latter were not so immune.
Difference Between Human and Neanderthal


Not just humans, but animals have also evolved through centuries.

The human evolution is considered more distinct since humans got to know about their far-flung existence thanks to the series of excavations and biological tests conducted across a large period.

In addition to this discovery, the determination of the first creature to ever inhabit the earth remains disputed.

The subsequent conversion of chimpanzees into the physical complex of a human being is analogous to a small sapling converting into a humongous tree after a few years.

In the former case, the time taken was much longer since the series of earthly events were marked by numerous environmental factors as well, in addition to the physical adjustments made as per the need of the hour.


  1. https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.09.04.282749v2.abstract
  2. https://academic.oup.com/genetics/article-abstract/203/2/881/6066252
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