Difference Between Ubuntu and Xubuntu

Ubuntu and Xubuntu are very prominent Linux distributors in Distro. The two versions of Linux distribution are slightly confusing for users where one is primarily invented and another one was subsequently developed.

The similar software with multiple distinguish points is stated below to recognize their purpose and features. The software application of workflows is quite similar in both cases. 

Ubuntu vs Xubuntu 

The main difference between Ubuntu and Xubuntu is the desktop environment. Ubuntu has a Unity desktop that can integrate with all common applications whereas Xubuntu has an XFCE desktop environment that cannot integrate with all common applications. Ubuntu cannot work on old hardware systems which have a low end on the contrary Xubutu can work on old systems as well.

Ubuntu vs Xubuntu

The term Ubuntu refers to the foundation software of Distro based upon which further advanced operating systems are designed. It can be easily installed on any new modern hardware technology.

It hardly requires 4GB of memory to build up its space. Users of Ubuntu are allowed to study, change, use, and improve the design without any cost. 

The term Xubuntu refers to the permutation software of Ubuntu which uses the XFCE desktop environment and its operating goals are similar to Ubuntu.

It has a graphical desktop with low memory footprints. The updates in Xubuntu are released every 2 years. It has a conservative workflow command using XFCE components.

Comparison Table Between Ubuntu and Xubuntu 

Parameters of ComparisonUbuntu Xubuntu 
MaintainanceThe Distro Ubuntu is correctly managed and maintained by core Ubuntu developers.The Xubuntu Distro is managed through the XFCE desktop environment.
Customization Ubuntu comes with limited desktop customization options.Xubuntu has an XFCE desktop which is more customized, configurable, and light. 
PurposeUbuntu works for Unity Desktop Environment.Xubuntu work to minimize system resource through XFCE Desktop Environment.
TechnologyThe Desktop Environment of Ubuntu is not easily compatible with system recourse. The Desktop Environment of Xubuntu is easily compatible with system recourse. 
SignificanceIt is a cost-less and open-source Linux distribution and old version. It is a community-based derivative of the Ubuntu operating system and a modern version.

What is Ubuntu?

Ubuntu is an open-sourced Linux distributor freely available to use, change and study for users. It works well with all types of common applications which makes it user-friendly.

It has both community and professional support in functionality. It is designed as per the Ubuntu manifesto and runs charge-free. It can be used by people without any kind of disabilities.

Enterprise edition is also free in the case of Ubuntu. 

It is equipped with translation and accessibility infrastructure that comes free with the software. The compatibility of Ubuntu is common with mobile, laptop, server, and desktop purposes.

Some significant features of Ubuntu include: Supporting assistance to the office suite namely Libre Office.

Upload and sharing of videos for users, desktop support work well with Firewall, Chrome, VLC and allows users access to Gmail, Hotmail also.   

Finding content over Ubuntu is simple through its searching tool. The Debian-based operating system is sponsored through Canonical Limited.

The term Ubuntu has its origin in the  Zulu language.  Some variants of Ubuntu are – Ubuntu Studios for multimedia applications, Ubuntu server editions, Edubuntu for educational purposes.

Its update has six months frequency with 18 months security update commitment. 

What is Xubuntu?

The term Xubuntu is a Ubuntu-based Linux operating system that has an XFCE desktop environment for easy and elegant use.

The desktop environment is light and configurable that supports graphics also. It is very much helpful for daily efficient working on desktops.

The official version of Xubuntu was released in the year June 2006 and the version was numbered 6.06. The entire project of Xubuntu is based on the charge-free agenda of Ubuntu. 

It has the same repositories to download the link just like Ubuntu.

There are some default programs that are not compatible with Xubuntu but in compatibility mode, it works very fast. The usage of CPU power and memory is less in the case of Xubuntu.

Rather than working on GNOME, it has a pre-configured standard desktop environment. Some variants of Xubuntu are Element OS for home theatre, Linux UberStudent for education, Voyager for Avant window navigator. 

There are multiple derivatives of Xubuntu that are -Black labrador Linux, Ultra User OS, OzOS, and ChaletOs. It comes with a multiuser facility to enable the various user a path to a single machine.

Authorization feature for data privacy. The hardware requirement of Xubuntu is very limited because of its stability.

Main Differences Between Ubuntu and Xubuntu 

  1. Functionality: In Ubuntu, it has a powerful search tool functionality and extensive filters whereas Xubuntu works great on old hardware without any extensive filters.
  2. Name Origin: Ubuntu as a name means “Humanity Towards Others” in the African language and Xubuntu is a combination of the XFCE desktop environment and Ubuntu since it’s a different version of Ubuntu.
  3. Developed By: The Development of Ubuntu was done by Team Canonical and conversely, the Xubuntu was developed by the community.
  4. Appearance: Being an old technology the Ubuntu does not have modern looks and Xubuntu has modern looks with advanced features.
  5. Process: The speed of output is less in the case of Ubuntu whereas Xubuntu is quite fast in processing and liked by many companies but for high graphics it is not advisable.

Conclusion

Keeping in mind that if any point-of-time system requirements are not compatible with Ubuntu in those circumstances, Xubuntu is the better option for easy installation.

If the user is not concerned about the software customization, in such a case, Ubuntu works better.

Only Xfce -a graphical desktop is the ultimate benefit after switching from Ubuntu to Xubuntu. Both the operating systems upgrade their technology at frequent intervals therefore no technical glitch will persist permanently.

Except for Ubuntu, all other Linux distributions are various types of Linux distribution only where the founding operating system is Ubuntu.

All other Linux distribution namely Kubuntu, Lubuntu, Xubuntu works similar to Ubuntu as underlying operating systems. Xubuntu has a disadvantage in that it is not suitable for server-related task performance.

References 

  1. https://www.nature.com/articles/npre.2007.670.1
  2. https://webthesis.biblio.polito.it/16775/
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