Difference Between Veneer Grafting and Side Grafting

The grafting of plants is a very popular gardening technique that is used to grow plants with mixed characteristics. It is a technique of joining two or more plants during the growth stage, to grow a single plant with the characteristics of all the combined plants. There are different techniques of grafting.

Veneer Grafting vs Side Grafting 

The main difference between Veneer Grafting and Side Grafting is that Veneer grafting technique is used for plants with a stock size more than 3cm in diameter. On the other hand, the Side grafting technique is used for plants that have a small stock diameter, usually in the 0.5 millimeters to the 1-centimeter range.

Veneer Grafting and Side Grafting

Veneer grafting is a popular grafting technique that is used to join two plants, to grow a single plant. This technique is typically used for plants that have a moderate stock size, typically ranging above 3 centimeters in diameter. In this technique, scions of the plants are required to be as thick as a pencil.

Side grafting is another popular grafting technique. This technique is typically used for plants that have thin stocks. Usually, potted plants and other flowering plants are grafted using this technique. In this grafting technique, the scions of the plants are required to be thin and with a uniform cross-section.

Comparison Table Between Veneer and Side Grafing

Parameters of ComparisonVeneer Grafting Side Grafting 
Type of plantsMedium to large bushes Potted plants and flowering plants 
Scion sizeScions of the plants are required to be as thick as a pencil Thin scions are required 
Stock size Typically ranging above 3 centimeters Typically ranging below 1 centimeter 
Cutting pattern Inlay cuts are made on the stock Square cuts are made on the stock 
Protective covering Plastic bags are preferred Wax is preferred 

What is Veneer grafting?

Veneer grafting is a popular type of grafting technique. It is used to mix the characteristics of two plants into a single plant, by combining the plants during the growth stage. For combining the plants the scions of the mating plants are planted into the stocks of the base plant.

Veneer grafting is typically used for plants that have a larger diameter of stock. The stock diameter should typically range from 3 centimeters or more. Thus this technique is used for larger plants, such as fruiting trees and large shrubs.

In this grafting technique, inlay cuts of parallel cuts are made into the stock of the base plant. Next, the scions of the mating plants are planted into the cuts made on the stock.

The scion size must also meet the specific size requirement, to allow proper rooting into the stock, as well as to improve the growth and health of the plants. Typically scions are required to be as thick as a pencil when performing Veneer grafting.

The grafted portion has to be protected after the process, as the rooting process typically takes a longer time. Thus the protection to the grafts is provided by wrapping the grafted portion with a plastic bag and securing the bag with tape.

What is Side Grafting?

Side grafting is a type of grafting technique that is used to combine two or more plants. This technique is used to grow a single plant with the characteristics of two or more plants. Typically this technique is used on smaller plants, such as potted bushes or flowering plants.

In the Side grafting process, square cuts are made on the stocks of the base plant. The process requires stocks to be of smaller size, typically between a few hundred millimeters to 1 centimeter.

The scions of the mating plants are then inserted into the cute made on the base stock. For proper rooting of the scions as well as good growth of the plant, the scion diameter must also be small.

The process is slightly more difficult than the other grafting techniques, mainly because of the smaller sizes of stocks and scions.

As potted plants are used, the diameter of stocks as well as of scions are relatively smaller when compared to the diameter of stocks and scions used in Veneer grafting.

After grafting the scions into the stock, the grafted portion is protected with wax. Wax is applied at the bottom of the grafted portion, near the root of the grafting. 

Main Differences Between Veneer Grafting and Side Grafting

  1. In Veneer grafting medium to large bushes. In Side grafting, small otted plants are used
  2. In Veneer grafting, scions of the plants are required to be as thick as a pencil. Side grafting requires thin scions
  3. Veneer grafting requires stock diameter greater than or equal to 3 centimeter. Side grafting requires smaller stock diameter.
  4. In Veneer grafting, inlay cuts are made. In Side grafting square cuts are made
  5. Veneer grafting uses plastic bags for protection. Side grafting uses wax for protection.

Conclusion

Grafting has become a very popular technique for growing plants with varied characteristics. The process is not as intensive as hybridization, but the results obtained are equally remarkable. Grafting is performed by combining two or more plants into a single growing plant.

Both Veneer Grafting and Side Grafting are two different grafting techniques. Both the techniques have their own requirements in terms of the size of the stock, as well as the size of the scion.

The plants used for both techniques are also vastly different. Veneer grafting typically uses bigger plants, such as fruit trees. Side grafting on the other hand is performed on potted and flowering plants.

References

  1. https://www.mdpi.com/404296
  2. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/B:AGFO.0000009408.03728.46
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