Difference Between Venue and Jurisdiction (With Table)

The terms venue and jurisdiction are two words that are related to law. Both have legal meanings to them. Venue and jurisdiction, both in contrary terms, speak of a Specific place. Since both these people’s words are related to law and place, many people have a big confusion between the meaning of both. But, they have differences in their meanings and characteristics.

Venue vs Jurisdiction

The difference between venue and jurisdiction is that venue is the place where the actual hearing of a court is a taken place in legal terms when a case is being caught, and on the other hand, the word jurisdiction refers to a place that belongs to a person under legal terms or has authority over a specific body.

The term venue is the place where the case of a party is heard in a court. It is always considered that a venue is supposed to be a country or a district, or a state. It can never be any small village or place. The term venue is the place where a lawsuit heating will be held.

The term Jurisdiction is a place to which authority is granted a person or a body for dealing with legal matters of the state or country. It can also be the political leader for which this jurisdiction is authorized for. The word jurisdiction is derived from Latin words Juris, which means to oath, and dicere, which means to speak.

Comparison Table Between Venue and Jurisdiction

Parameters of ComparisonVenueJurisdiction
MeaningIt is a place where the hearing of a lawsuit takes place.It is a place where a person has authority over overtaking decisions about important legal matters.
WaiverIt can be waivedIt cannot be waived.
CharacteristicIt is a geographic location.It is more than just a geographic location.
LocationIt can be any area under a state, a country or even a district.This should fall under the court while giving a hearing.
TypeThere are no different types in the venue.Personal jurisdiction, territorial jurisdiction and subject matter jurisdiction are three types of jurisdictions present.

What is Venue?

The term venue is the place where the case of a party is heard in a court. It is always considered that a venue is supposed to be a country or a district, or a state. It can never be any small village or place. The term venue is the place where a lawsuit heating will be held.

The venue is the place where it is decided to file a lawsuit. It has to be at the knowledge of every person that the venue where the lawsuit is going to take place can be waived off by the person in opposition at the time of a trial that will take place.

A Plaintiff is also capable of giving the waiving of the venue at the time of a trial. A change in a venue can take place in a criminal as well as a civil case.

The only difference between both is that the in a civil case, the venue can be helpful in a place where it is changed only when neither of the party lives or hold their business there, and on the other hand, in a criminal case, there is asked for a change in a venue because witness wants a jury that may be I his support.

What Is Jurisdiction?

The term Jurisdiction is a place to which authority is granted a person or a body for dealing with legal matters of the state or country. It can also be the political leader for which this jurisdiction is authorized for. The word jurisdiction is derived from Latin words Juris, which means to oath, and dicere, which means to speak.

Jurisdiction can be shortly defined as a place where a person can hold authority as well point an authority at that place. This means in this place, there is access for authority being exercised and granted both. This is exactly why a person would often observe a police officer saying this area is not under their jurisdiction.

Jurisdiction consists of three main parts which are personal jurisdiction, subject matter jurisdiction, and territorial jurisdiction. When someone has authority over some other person, then that is called personal jurisdiction.

When authority is related to a place, then it is called territorial jurisdiction, and finally, any authority over a subject is called subject matter jurisdiction. Jurisdiction is also capable of defining the authority of a court.

Main Differences Between Venue and Jurisdiction

  1. A venue is a place where the hearing of a lawsuit is taking place, and on the other hand, a jurisdiction is a place where a person holds authority over it to make decisions regarding legal matters.
  2. A venue can be waived off by a plaintiff or defender on the day of the hearing, and on the other hand, the place of jurisdiction cannot be waived by a party.
  3. A venue can be any state, country, or district, and on the other hand, a jurisdiction is a place that falls under a court while making a hearing.
  4. There is only one type of venue, and on the other hand, there are three types of jurisdiction which are the personal, territorial, and subject matter jurisdictions.
  5. A venue is initially just a geographic location, and on the other hand, jurisdiction is based on more than just a geographic component.

Conclusion

Both the venue as well as the jurisdiction are important in hearing cases or for making and executing important decisions regarding legal matters in a country or a state. Every citizen should know the difference between these two words as both these words are legal terms.

One can be waived off, while the other cannot be waived off at the time of the hearing. When a person study’s law, both these concepts go deep into their meanings, having their rules and sections accordingly. Both these words are widely used in the world of law and are very important for carrying out any lawsuit in any court.

References

  1. https://heinonline.org/hol-cgi-bin/get_pdf.cgi?handle=hein.journals/clqv66&section=27
  2. https://search.informit.org/doi/abs/10.3316/agispt.20190828016175
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