Difference Between Yarn and Wool

Thread is a type of yarn, and wool is a fiber. We normally consider that fibers and yarns are the same things. But that’s wrong, so here are some basic differences between yarn and wool.

Yarn vs Wool

The main difference between yarn and wool is that wool is a natural fiber that is extracted from the fleece of sheep and other animals like goats, bison, etc. On the other hand, yarn is formed by processing any type of fiber.

Yarn vs Wool

Yarn is a strand of fibers. They are made by spinning fibers together, making a thick strand of yarn. It is very durable and has high strength compared to fibers.

Wool is a natural fiber that is extracted from the fleece of sheep and other animals. Animal fiber is very popular all over the world for its warmth.

Comparison Table Between Yarn and Wool

Parameters of ComparisonYarnWool
SourceMade from fibresMade by refining animal fleece
TypeNatural and synthetic bothNatural fibre
UsageUsed to make fabricsUsed to make woollen fibres.
Field Of DemandTextile IndustriesFibre industries
Position of India in production (globally)India secures the second position in the global production of cotton yarn.India secures the ninth position in the production of wool.

What is Yarn?

Yarn is made by spinning fibers together. Yarns are made from both natural and synthetic fibers.

Synthetic yarns such as nylon, polyester are made from polymers obtained from oil and chemicals. Yarns are used for weaving, knitting, sewing, and also rope making.

Yarns are further classified into two types: staple and filament yarns. Staple yarns are made from long fibers.

The word ‘yarn’ is derived from the Old English word garn, meaning string. The yarn is mainly used by textile industries for making fabrics.

What is Wool?

Wool is a natural fiber extracted from the fleece of sheep and other animals. It is also called a protein fiber, as wool is made up of a type of protein called keratin.

 Natural fibers like these are very soft, comfortable, slightly elastic, they are very breathable, and do not need high maintenance. There are some steps to convert fleece to woolen textiles.

After that, the wool is cleaned to remove dirt, dust, and the dead skin of sheep.

Then they are carded with a metallic comb to straighten the fibers. After that, they are spun to form yarns.

Australia produces 25% of the global wool production. It is the first country with the highest wool production, followed by China, the US, New Zealand, etc. India secures a place in the top 10 list of the leading global producers of wool.

Main Differences Between Yarn and Wool

  1. Wool is a natural fiber, and yarn can be made from both natural and synthetic fibers.
  2. Yarn is made by spinning fibers together. On the other hand, wool is made from the fleece of sheep and other animals.
  3. Yarn is mainly used to make fabrics, and wool is used to make woolen fiber and then fabrics.
  4. Yarn is mainly used by textile industries, and wool is first sent to a refinery and fiber-making industries.
  5. The leading producer of cotton yarns in the world is China, followed by India and others. And Australia is the leading producer in the world, followed by China, New Zealand, India, and others.
Difference Between Yarn and Wool

Conclusion

 Wool is a type of yarn. The most commonly used thread is also a yarn. Yarn is a product of the steps of refining the fibers to the fabrics.

References

  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=EubnllIloNwC&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=wool&ots=OVI-AjdmS4&sig=y_bGmWFXCXCUQi_Dvm6D4G2onCQ
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301622604001757

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