Difference Between Yarn and Wool (With Table)

The basic needs for the existence of human life are food, shelter, and clothing. Clothing is the clothes that we wear to protect us from scorching sun heat to the shivering winters. These clothes are made from fibers or threads. Thread is a type of yarn, and wool is a fiber. We normally consider that fibers and yarns are the same things. But that’s wrong, so here are some basic differences between yarn and wool.

Yarn vs Wool

The difference between yarn and wool is that wool is a natural fiber that is extracted from the fleece of sheep and other animals like goats, bison, etc. On the other hand, yarn is formed by processing any type of fiber. Yarns are made by spinning the fibers together. This process forms a single strand of yarn. 

Yarn is a strand of fibers. They are made by spinning fibers together, making a thick strand of yarn. It is very durable and has high strength compared to fibers. These yarns can be used in knitting, weaving, or sewing to make different kinds of fabrics. These yarns are also used for rope making. In rope making, three to four strands of fibers are spun in the opposite direction of the spinning of yarn to make an interlock structure. The most used yarn in households is the thread.

Wool is a natural fiber that is extracted from the fleece of sheep and other animals. Animal fiber is very popular all over the world for its warmth. It is mainly used to make winter garments like sweaters, mufflers, etc. it is also known as protein fiber because wool is made up of a protein called keratin. Wool has different textures depending on which part of the body of the sheep it is sheared from.

Comparison Table Between Yarn and Wool

Parameters of ComparisonYarnWool
SourceMade from fibresMade by refining animal fleece
TypeNatural and synthetic bothNatural fibre
UsageUsed to make fabricsUsed to make woollen fibres.
Field Of DemandTextile IndustriesFibre industries
Position of India in production (globally)India secures the second position in the global production of cotton yarn.India secures the ninth position in the production of wool.

What is Yarn?

Yarn is made by spinning fibers together. These are the long lengths of fibers interlocked together to develop a strong, durable strand of yarn. Yarns are made from both natural and synthetic fibers. Natural yarns are made from both plant and animal fiber. One of the most popular natural fibers is cotton, and animal fiber is wool.

Synthetic yarns such as nylon, polyester are made from polymers obtained from oil and chemicals. Yarns are used for weaving, knitting, sewing, and also rope making. Ropes are normally made from natural yarns for their strength and durability. Synthetic ropes made from synthetic yarns are slippery for their ultra-smooth texture.

Yarns are further classified into two types: staple and filament yarns. Staple yarns are made from long fibers. These long continuous fibers are spun to make staple yarns. Filament yarns are made from short-length fibers. Short-length fibers are spun to make filament yarns. If staple yarn strands are cut into pieces, they will be called filament yarn.

The word ‘yarn’ is derived from the Old English word garn, meaning string. The yarn is mainly used by textile industries for making fabrics. These fabrics undergo knitting, sewing, and weaving and come to the markets as the garments we buy. India has secured the second position in the production of cotton yarn globally.

What is Wool?

Wool is a natural fiber extracted from the fleece of sheep and other animals. It is also called a protein fiber, as wool is made up of a type of protein called keratin. It is excessively famous all over the world because of its property of providing warmth. The most famous types of wool are alpaca, cashmere, merino, and angora.

 Natural fibers like these are very soft, comfortable, slightly elastic, they are very breathable, and do not need high maintenance. There are some steps to convert fleece to woolen textiles. The fleece is firstly sheared from the animal, and then they undergo grading and sorting depending on the part of the sheep the wool is sheared. 

After that, the wool is cleaned to remove dirt, dust, and the dead skin of sheep.

Then they are carded with a metallic comb to straighten the fibers. After that, they are spun to form yarns. These yarns undergo weaving and, finally, the finishing. At this step, the yarns are dyed with different colors, and finally, the winter woolen fabric is made.

Australia produces 25% of the global wool production. It is the first country with the highest wool production, followed by China, the US, New Zealand, etc. India secures a place in the top 10 list of the leading global producers of wool.

Main Differences Between Yarn and Wool

  1. Wool is a natural fiber, and yarn can be made from both natural and synthetic fibers.
  2. Yarn is made by spinning fibers together. On the other hand, wool is made from the fleece of sheep and other animals.
  3. Yarn is mainly used to make fabrics, and wool is used to make woolen fiber and then fabrics.
  4. Yarn is mainly used by textile industries, and wool is first sent to a refinery and fiber-making industries.
  5. The leading producer of cotton yarns in the world is China, followed by India and others. And Australia is the leading producer in the world, followed by China, New Zealand, India, and others.

Conclusion

 Wool is a type of yarn. The most commonly used thread is also a yarn. Yarn is a product of the steps of refining the fibers to the fabrics. Wool is the natural fiber from which yarn is made then formed into woolen fabrics and then to garments that are available in markets for us. Wool is one of the most demanded and popular natural fibers in the world. India is securing the second position globally in the production of cotton yarn and is in the top 10 list of global wool production.

References

  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=EubnllIloNwC&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=wool&ots=OVI-AjdmS4&sig=y_bGmWFXCXCUQi_Dvm6D4G2onCQ
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301622604001757

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