Difference Between Sheep and Lion

Sheep are quadrupedal mammals generally kept as livestock, while lions are the species of the Felidae family and are members of Panthera. The Scientific names of both animals are different.


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While lions are one of the most widely recognized animal symbols in human culture, they have been extensively depicted in some countries’ sculptures, paintings, and even national flags and symbols.  

Key Takeaways

  1. Sheep are domesticated herbivorous animals often raised for their wool, meat, and milk, while lions are wild carnivorous animals that are apex predators.
  2. Sheep are generally docile and non-threatening, while lions are aggressive and dangerous to humans and other animals.
  3. Sheep live in herds and are social animals, while lions live in solitary or pride.

Sheep vs. Lion 

Sheeps are herbivores. Sheeps give milk. The meat of sheeps can be eaten. Sheeps have small tails. The life span of a sheep is 10 to 12 years. Sheeps can be found in the mountains. Lions are carnivores. The life span of a lion is 10 to 14 years. The main region where lions can be found is Africa. Lions have round heads.

Sheep vs Lion

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Sheep are closely related to goats as they both are in the same subfamily. But they are totally different species, and hybrids in them rarely occur; if they occur, they are always infertile. 

Regarding the appearance of lions, they have muscular bodies and short and round heads. The color of its fur varies from dark brown to light buff too.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonSheep Lion
Family and Belonging They belong to the family of Bovidae.  They belong to the family of Felidae.  
Scientific name Ovis Aries  Panthera Leo.  
Life span From 10 years to about 12 years. It takes about 10 years to 14 years for an adult to.
Length and mass  1.3 meters and 45- 160 kgs, respectively.  1.2 meters and 190 kgs, respectively.  
Trophic level  Herbivorous  Carnivorous  

What is Sheep? 

Sheep scientifically named Ovis Aries are domesticated ruminants that are cud-chewing mammals generally raised for their meat, milk, and wool. The tails of the sheep are usually short in size.

Compared to the cattle, they graze more on grass, so the central part where attention should be paid is that they don’t overgraze a particular area. Sheep are pretty timid animals, and they prefer grazing in flocks.


What is Lion?

The lion, scientifically named Panthera Leo, is a large and powerfully built cat that belongs to the family of Felidae. Since early times, lions have been known as the best wild animals.

Regarding its general categories, lions are cats with large-muscled muscular bodies and short and round heads. The color of its fur varies from dark brown to light buff too. They are the only members in the cat family and display apparent sexual dimorphism.


Main Differences Between Sheep and Lion 

  1. Talking about the life span and how long they live, the life span of an adult sheep is from 10 to 12 years, but the life span of a fully grown lion is 10 to 14 years.  
  2. Sheep are primarily found in the mountain area- middle east Asia, North America, and central Europe, while lions are mainly found in the African region.  
Difference Between Sheep and Lion


  1. https://www.cabdirect.org/cabdirect/abstract/19751432518
  2. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=7ann2dYn9iYC&oi=fnd&pg=PR7&dq=LION&ots=l18SA46fyd&sig=l0AGLflH4ilO-0FYITPlEpEembc
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