Difference Between Ziggurats and Pyramids

Archaeology is the study of old buildings and ancient things. They have discovered the things that have supported the old stories, the reason for the destruction of many regions. They have also found the buildings that were thought gone or destroyed thousands of years ago. Archaeology has studied the Ziggurats and Pyramids which explained the culture of Egpyt.

The Ziggurats and Pyramids are the buildings that are mostly part of Egpyt. They have their own belief in both. The shape, region, structure are the features that are taken as differences in the Ziggurats and Pyramids.

Ziggurats vs Pyramids

The main difference between Ziggurats and Pyramids is that the function and purpose of the structures. The pyramids were the comfortable places built for the ruler after the death. The Pyramids were built high converging at one step on the top. They believed that this took their soul to the heavens. While on the other hand, the Ziggurats were the house of gods. Therefore, only priests and high society people were allowed in it.

Ziggurats and Pyramids

The Ziggurats were the House of God. They were like the temple of the Egyptians. They were pyramidal in shape with steps in them to reach the highest point. There were no rooms inside the Ziggurats and were built in the main cities of Mesopotamia.

The Pyramids are the buildings built for the ruler of Egypt. They were made on the geometric shape pyramid having the base of any shape. The base can be triangle, square, rectangle, or quadrilateral. They had a single step at the top and very narrow shafts. The Egyptians believed that this takes the soul of their ruler to the heavens.

Comparison Table Between Ziggurats and Pyramids

Parameters of ComparisonZigguratsPyramids
DefineThe Ziggurats are the temples of the Egyptians.The Pyramids are the kind of graveyards for the Ruler of Egypt.
MeaningThe Ziggurats means “House of Gods”.The Pyramids are ” House of Ruler”.
Built for They were built for the gods and only priests and high society people were allowed in them.They were built for the Ruler of Egypt and the place provided comfort to the soul of the Ruler and also help to reach the soul to the heavens.
LocationThey were located in the major cities of Mesopotamia.They were built in Egypt.
StructureThe Ziggurats are made on the highest part of the city and steps are made to reach the top and they also had the basement area which protects the priests and high society from the floods.The base of the pyramid can be of any geometric shape but at the top, all the sides converge at one step. It had three triangular shapes on the outer surface. They also had narrow shafts which they believed their Ruler’s soul uses to reach the heavens.
First structureThe tower of Babel is the famous Ziggurats known.The first known Pyramid is ” The Red Pyramid” located in the Dashur Necropolis.

What is Ziggartus?

Ziggartus are the temples of the Egyptians. They were even known as the House of Gods. The priests and high society people were only allowed in the ziggurats. They were the highest buildings in the cities. They were located in the Mesopotamia major cities. Therefore, now found in Iraq. 

The Ziggartus had an inner surface made of bricks which were of mud, while the outer surface was built of the baked bricks. There are around 25 Ziggarus that were known in the world, and no one has its original height. The height has been destroyed by landslides, rain, and many more. 

The priests and people belonging to the higher society were allowed inside the Ziggartus. It also protected them in floods as it had the highest point along with the basement with no rooms. The famous Ziggartus known is located in Iraq known as the “Tower of Babel”.

What are Pyramids?

The Pyramids are the kind of graveyards of Egypt. Yet, only the Rulers of the Egyptians were kept inside them. The priests believed that this high structure would take the soul of the ruler directly into the heavens. They were built in the Egpyt. Many Ziggartus are also built with the Pyramids.

The pyramids can have the base of any geometric shape. Yet, the outer surface was triangles that converged at the top. The Pyramids had narrow shafts, and all the steps collided at the single step at the top. The Square Pyramid was commonly built as it had a square base. Manpower was needed in large amounts to build the Pyramid. 

The first Pyramid was “The Red Pyramid”, located in the Dashur Necropolis. The Great Pyramid is also one of the best examples of a Pyramid. It is also included in the Seven Wonders of the World. Even today Pyramids shaped buildings are built and are very attractive. The modern examples of pyramids include Luxor Hotel, Louvre Pyramid, and many more.

Main Differences Between Ziggartus and Pyramid

  1. The Ziggartus is the “House of Gods” while Pyramids are the “House of Ruler”.
  2. The Ziggurats were built in the major cities of Mesopotamia, now found in Iraq, whereas the Pyramids are located in the Egpyt.
  3. The Ziggurats were made up of bricks, while Pyramids were built of stones.
  4. The Ziggratus had the large steps to reach the top, while Pyramids had very narrow steps.
  5. The Ziggrtus didn’t converge at the top, while Pyramids did.
  6. The famous Ziggartus is located in Iraq known as the “Tower of Babel”, and on the other hand, “The Great Pyramid” is the famous Pyramid known.
  7. The Ziggartus was the structure with the largest heights, whereas Pyramids also had the high height but couldn’t match the height of the Ziggartus.


The Ziggartus were the temples of the ancient people, and the Pyramids were the kind of the way to heavens for the souls which were only for the Ruler of Egypt. They were both the same structure with different meanings and a bit of change in the material used to build the structure. 


  1. https://ixtheo.de/Record/162209610X
Help us improve. Rate this post! Total (0 votes,average: 0)