What is Visa? | Definition, Working and Types

People love to travel around the world. For this reason, they have to go from one country to another. Even though there are many benefits associated with restriction-free travel. But every country restricts people entering from another country. This control process is done through the visa process. It allows a limited number of people to enter a country with reasonable cause. With this mechanism, any country can control who can enter that country and with which purpose. All countries around the world utilize this process. Let’s learn how visa work and the variation between different types of visas.

How does it work?

Visa is a type of authorization from the host country to the visitors. Anyone going to a different country needs to obtain this authorization from the embassy of the host country. Normally it is a seal, which is stamped or glued on the passport. It also mentions the duration and purpose of the visit. According to the type of visit, there are several types of visa issued by the embassy.

Types of Visa

The most common of them are as follows.

  • Travel/Tourist Visa

This type of visa is issued to a person who is visiting another country for leisurely travel. Most of the time international tourists apply for this type of visa. In most cases, the validity of this type of visa remains for only 7 days to 3 months.

  • Work Visa

It is a type of visa issued to only professional workers. To obtain this type of visa, the person has to be working with a registered company in that country. In most cases, the validity of this type of visa remains for 1 to 5 years.

  • Student Visa

This type of visa is issued to the students only who are seeking higher education abroad. The person must be enrolled in a university of the guest country to have this visa. The validity of this type of visa remains for 3 to 5 years.

  • Transit Visa

It is a temporary visa, which enables any person to visit another country via a third country. Most of the time this type of visa is issued for land travel. The validity of this type of visa remains for only 3 to 7 days.

Advantages of Visa

Even though many people don’t like the visa system and express their voice against it, but visa offers multiple benefits to a country. Visa is an effective system by which a country can track visitors. It protects a country from uncontrolled foreign migration. Visa also keeps unwanted people away from the country.

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Disadvantages of Visa

The bureaucratic process delays the visa system many times, which creates inconvenience for many people. Staying in a country after expiring the visa period is considered illegal. For this reason, the person also gets jail time. Obtaining is visa is also complicated for poor people, and these people suffer from travel restrictions to another country. Many believe, visa creates a barrier between people and keeps one away from another.