Difference Between Education and Intelligence (With Table)

Education is essential for an individual so that he can confidently communicate with anyone, know his right, have a career, and many more. Education does lead to a healthy and wealthy life. Otherwise, also it is good if a person has at least basic education as it will enhance their personality. And intelligence is necessary to survive and be recognized. Both of them are similar when it comes to gaining knowledge. Further, both of them may not be essential as such but have their benefits.

Education vs Intelligence 

The difference between Education and Intelligence is that education is something that is taught and developed with time in an individual, whereas intelligence is an internal force with which an individual is born. Therefore it is not developed but surely enhanced. In education, the individual is taught the knowledge, but in intelligence, no one can make you more intelligent it is something that only the individual himself can achieve.

Education is the process of facilitating skills, knowledge, values, morals, etc., which can be developed with training, researching, teaching, or discussing. It is important as it leads to the development of a person’s character and perception of seeing things. It makes him capable of doing different activities and works to live a healthy and happy life.

Intelligence could be defined as the capacity of learning or understanding by an individual. Intelligence is not something attained only by the educated person. It can be attained by any person irrespective of his qualification. There are multiple types of intelligence. Various psychologists have also given the theory on intelligence and its type.

Comparison Table Between Education and Intelligence

Parameters of ComparisonEducationIntelligence
MeaningProcess of facilitating knowledge/learningThe Capacity of understanding or learning.
DevelopedThrough some external forceIt is not developed
SourcesTeachers or books/texts.It is an internal force enhanced through learning.
ImportanceIt is beneficial for a healthy lifestyle.It is essential for survival.
ExampleEducation is knowing that tomato is a fruit.Intelligence knows that tomato is not added to the fruit salad.

What is Education?

The process of learning and gaining knowledge about anything is education. Types of education are:

Formal Education 

It means the type of education that is acquired from an institution where basic or academic skills are taught. 

Characteristics:

  1. Structured hierarchically.
  2. It is planned.
  3. Fees are charged.
  4. Syllabus and subject-oriented.
  5. Teachers teach the student.

Advantages: 

  1. Knowledge is gained from professionals.
  2. Systematic learning.
  3. Easy access to be employed.

Informal Education

It is simple knowledge or learning that is given by the people in the surrounding, especially family members. It is not bounded to any four-wall institution.

Characteristics:

  1. Independent from any institution.
  2. Not syllabus or subject-oriented.
  3. No fee is charged.
  4. Lifelong process.
  5. Not pre-planned

Advantages:

  1. It can be acquired anywhere at any time.
  2. Involve less or no cost.
  3. No need for professionals or experts.
  4. It can be learned from storybooks or even series.
  5. Not bounded by time.

Non-Formal Education:

It is the type of education that is acquired from experience. It includes adult basic education, basic skills, values or morals, etc.

Characteristics:

  1. Planned but not take place in school.
  2. It is practical.
  3. There is no age restriction.
  4. A fee is not always charged.
  5. Learning or expert skills.

Advantages:

  1. Involves training and practice.
  2. Flexible.
  3. No exams are required.
  4. Both public and private sectors are involved.
  5. Experience is gained.

What is Intelligence?

The ability of learning or understanding by an individual is termed Intelligence. Howard Gardner different types of intelligence, which includes:

  1. Logical Intelligence: it is the reasoning and calculating ability of an individual. An individual with this intelligence thinks conceptually and abstractly. A person who has higher logical intelligence is good with numbers (mathematical and arithmetic problems).
  2. Linguistic Intelligence: it is the ability to use proper words at the right time. This includes having rich vocabulary skills, easy gasp over different languages, etc. 
  3. Visual-Spatial Intelligence: it is the ability to see a three-dimensional picture without any difficulty or, in general, does not find it difficult to see or understand the pictures or art.
  4. Naturalistic Intelligence: it is the ability to read and understand all natural things; this includes loving nature and animals.
  5. Musical Intelligence: it is the ability to understand and feel the music and being sensitive towards it. 
  6. Existential Intelligence: it is the ability to ask and solve difficult questions/problems in life.
  7. Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence: it is the ability of a person to use his mind and body simultaneously while performing different tasks.
  8. Interpersonal Intelligence: it is the ability to maintain a healthy balance of emotions of themselves and others.
  9. Intrapersonal Intelligence: it is the ability to understand himself and accept it; this includes understanding the weakness, feelings, strong abilities, and many more.

Main Differences Between Education and Intelligence

  1. Education is an external force that is developed in an individual after reaching a certain age, whereas Intelligence is not something that is developed. It is natural that an individual is born with and, of course, can be enhanced.
  2. Education is a process that takes place with the help of a teacher or tutor by using texts or books (where the knowledge or information already exists), whereas Intelligence is an internal force of an individual that can be enhanced with training.
  3. Education is mostly related to academics, but this is not the same with Intelligence. Intelligence can be related to anything in which the individual is extremely good. 
  4. Education is not essential for survival, although it could be beneficial for development, whereas nowadays, intelligence is indeed essential for living.
  5. It is not necessary if a person is not educated. He is also not intelligent. Sometimes an illiterate person is more intelligent than an educated person; therefore, being uneducated does not mean unintelligent.

Conclusion

Both education and intelligence are interlinked with knowledge. But they are not the same that is clear with all the above differences. Intelligence is something that cannot be forced or taught. It is something that is enhanced. In today’s time, if a person is not educated, he’ll survive, but if he is not intelligent enough to make the right choice, he cannot survive. It is very competitive all around, and individual needs to be balanced with his education and intelligence to make an impression.

They were not essential earlier, but with all the development, innovation, and increasing competition, they are becoming more important day by day—especially intelligence which is required at every step and stage of life.

References

  1. https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/eb043365/full/html
  2. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1207/s15430421tip3902_2
  3. https://psycnet.apa.org/record/1962-05639-000
  4. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0160289679900187
  5. http://archives.gadoe.org/_documents/doe/legalservices/1982-06.pdf
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