Difference Between 308 and 30 06

There is always a threat of war prevailing among various countries or between two countries. To protect oneself, every country keeps a big set of arms and ammunition.


Science Quiz

Test your knowledge about topics related to science

1 / 10

What is the PH of H2O?

2 / 10

What is laughing gas?

3 / 10

Name the metal which is easily cut by a simple knife?

4 / 10

What is the scientific name of humans?

5 / 10

The first link in all food chains is-

6 / 10

Name the fabric which is used in making bulletproof jackets?

7 / 10

What is the scientific name of frog?

8 / 10

After a chemical reaction, the properties of the products are __________.

9 / 10

The hardest substance available on earth is

10 / 10

Non-stick cooking utensils are coated with

Your score is


Every country provides its soldiers with guns and bullets so that they can bring glory to the nation. There are various diameters of bullets, and two of them are .308 and .30-06 diameter bullets.

308 vs 30 06

The difference between .308 and .30 06 bullets is that .308 is 2.8 inches in length, whereas .30 06 is 3.34 inches long. Another difference between the two is that the former has comparatively less velocity advantage while the other one has a slightly more velocity advantage.

308 vs 30 06

Want to save this article for later? Click the heart in the bottom right corner to save to your own articles box!

Initially, .308 cartridge was introduced by Winchester as commercial hunting bullets. Now it has become very popular in big-game hunting and various other games all over the world.

It is a good choice for short-action rifles. In the US, it is used for hunting purposes, for example, to hunt whitetail deer and black bears.

The bullets of .30-06 were introduced by Winchester into the American army in the year 1906. It remained the official bullet of the American army for the next 50 years.

It was only used as a cartridge in the army’s rifle and machine gun. It is such a powerful bullet that it can kill an elephant in a single shot.

Comparison Table

Parameters of Comparison30830 06
LengthIt is just 2.8 inches long. As a result, it is smaller than the .30-06 bullet.It is 3.38 inches long. It is comparatively bigger lengthwise.
PriceThe price of the .308 bullet is less when compared to the .30-08 bullet as it uses less amount of brass for firing various rounds.The price of the .30-06 bullet is much high when compared to the .308 bullet as it uses more brass per round.
HuntingThe .308 bullet is favorable for hunting small and medium animals but not dangerous animals.The .30-06 bullet is favorable for hunting huge animals like elephants and Crocodiles as the bullet has an extra power that can even kill an elephant in one shot.
WeightThe weight of the .308 bullet is comparatively lesser than the weight of the .30-06 bullet.The weight of the .30-06 is comparatively more than the weight of the .308 bullet.
AccuracyThe accuracy of the .308 bullet is more precise when attacked on a short range.The accuracy of the .30-06 bullet is more precise when the target is far away.
UsageThe .308 bullets are used in pistols and short-distance guns.The .30-06 bullets are used in general rifles and machine guns.

What is 308?

Many people regard .308 as a small .30-06 bullet.

It was used by the American army initially during the second world war. It helps an individual in hunting small and medium-sized animals in North America. They are used by the American soldiers, and it has gained immense glory in the hunting field.

It proved very effective during the Vietnam war. It is also the best seller in the hunters market.

It is a fairly big bullet with a fair good amount of penetration, expanse, and stopping capacity. Besides its usage in hunting, it has also proved its efficiency in the military and the police forces.

The average weight of the .308 bullet lies somewhere between 150g and 180g, but more light and heavy cartridges are available. This cartridge is cheaper when compared to the .30-06 bullet.

The power and strength of the bullet are not as good as the .30-06 bullet since it has a low-velocity advantage.

The military and the police force use .308 more often as it has a high ballistic coefficient and it is a short bolt pull. It has comparatively less power and range. Thus it has less recoil than the .30-06 bullet.


What is 30 06?

The US army used the .30-06 bullet for at least 50 years before in the machine guns before it started using the 7.62* 51 mm NATO cartridges. The .30-06 bullets are very useful in hunting big and dangerous animals like Lion, Tiger, and an elephant in just a single shot.

It has much more recoil than the .308 bullet. It is very powerful and has a good range helping it shoot at distant targets.

The power is so immense that it may overkill a deer. It must be only used for hunting giant animals. It has a good amount of length, which is approx 3.38 inches long.

It helps in a wide variety of ethical game animals like a mule, Whitehall deer, and pronghorn. It has very good accuracy and precisely hits the target. It is one of the most versatile forms of cartridge that have been designed for machine guns and general rifles.

30 06

Main Differences Between 308 and 30 06

  1. The .308 bullet is 2.8 inches long, whereas the .30-06 bullet is 3.38 inches in length. This implies that the .30-06 bullet is longer than the .308 bullet.
  2. The .308 bullet is used for hunting small and medium animals. In contrast to that, .30-06 bullet is used for hunting giant animals.
  3. The .308 bullet is used for hunting as well as by the police force. In contrast to that, the .30-06 bullet is basically used for hunting.
  4. The .308 bullet has a high ballistic coefficient. In comparison, the .30-06 bullet has a less ballistic coefficient.
  5. The .308 bullet is used in short-distance guns and pistols, while the .30-06 bullet is used in general rifles and machine guns.
Difference Between 308 and 30 06
  1. https://appliedballisticsllc.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/Ballistic-Coefficient-Testing-of-the-Berger-308-155-grain-VLD.pdf
One request?

I’ve put so much effort writing this blog post to provide value to you. It’ll be very helpful for me, if you consider sharing it on social media or with your friends/family. SHARING IS ♥️

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *