Difference Between a Novel and a Short Story

There are several types of writings in literature, such as novels, short stories, poetry, essays, and poems, among others.

Every writer has their settings, word count, genre, subplots, characters, and points of view. But, people tend to confuse such writings, although they are very different from each other.

The novel and short story have an evident difference in the word count.

Novel vs Short Story

The main difference between a novel and a short story is that a novel has 50,000 to 70,000 words, while a short story only has 1,000 to 10,000 words. Secondly, a Novel needs complex and great ideas to maintain its length. Meanwhile, A short story works with coherent and crisp concepts. Thirdly, a novel is usually set over a lengthy period, whereas a short story is usually set over a short period. Fourthly, the Novel usually incorporates subplots to make it more thrilling. However, a short story generally revolves around the main plot. Lastly, the Novel has lots of characters, while the short story has fewer characters.  

Novel vs Short Story

The novel is a genre of writing in literature composed of 50,000 to 70,000 words. The context or the plot of the novel is usually complex and comprehensive as it makes it thrilling and captivating.

It also incorporates subplots to give a sense of tension to increase the eagerness of the audience. Moreover, it usually covers a prolonged period. Even there’s a long list of characters in the novel. 

The short story is also a genre of writing in literature composed of 1,000 to 10,000 words. The idea or the plot of the short story is usually coherent and compact.

It doesn’t usually incorporate subplots. Moreover, it usually covers a short period. Even there are a few characters in the novel. 

Comparison Table Between Novel and Short Story 

Parameters of comparison Novel Short Story 
Word count A novel has 50,000 to 70,000 words.A short story only has 1,000 to 10,000 words. 
IdeaA Novel needs complex and extensive ideas to maintain its length.A short story can work with coherent and compact ideas.
PeriodA Novel usually covers a prolonged period.A short story generally covers a short period. 
SubplotsThe Novel usually incorporates subplots to make it more thrilling. A short story generally revolves around the main plot
Characters The Novel has lots of characters.The short story has fewer characters. 

What is a Novel?

In literature, there are different types of writings. One of them is a Novel composed of 50,000 to 70,000 words with an intricate and extensive idea.

The novel is lengthy and has a lot of characters, but there are exceptions. So some might be shorter than the standard length of a novel.

Unlike the short story, the novel engages readers to read it for a longer period. The reason behind the intricate plot of the novel is to maintain the length of the novel. And it covers events of a longer period. 

The outline of the novel includes a subplot to increase the complexity of the novel. Thereby, making it engaging for the readers. 

Writers incorporate a type of setting in the writing, it may be a historical period or building a new one. But, it may require exposition while writing a new setting.

Apparently, a setting set up the mood for readers.

Due to the lengthy plot of the novel, it has a long list of characters that eventually helps in building up the plot and subplot of the novel. 

The writer can shift the point of view strategically in the novel as it draws the attention of the reader.

Additionally, the writer juggles with the point of view and changes it from the first person to the third person and vice versa.

What is a Short Story?

One of them is a short story composed of 1,000 to 10,000 words with a coherent and short idea. The novel is short and has few characters, but there are exceptions.

Some might be a little longer than common short stories. 

Unlike the novel, the short story engages readers to read it for a short period. The reason behind the coherent plot of the novel is to maintain the short length of the short story. And it covers events of a short period. 

The outline of the short story doesn’t include a subplot as it may lead to lengthy and faze the plot. Thereby, it doesn’t usually use subplots. However, some short stories may include subplots. 

Writers incorporate a type of setting in the writing, it may be a historical period or building a new one. But, the exposition in short stories is minimal as it can be a concern for wordiness. 

Due to the coherent plot of the short story, it has few characters who are the sole reason for building up the plot.

The writer can’t shift the point of view in the short story as it is meant to be read in a day or two. That’s the sole reason for limiting several aspects in the writing of the short story. 

Main Differences Between a Novel and Short Story 

Literature has different types of writings and all have their set structure and patterns. However, some writings can have their own new setting. The novel and short story is a type of writing in literature composed of plot and subplots sometimes. Although, a novel and a short story are very different. One of the obvious differences is word count. 

  1. The novel has 50,000 to 70,000 words, while a short story only has 1,000 to 10,000 words. 
  2. A Novel needs complex and larger ideas to maintain its length. Meanwhile, A short story can work with simple and short ideas. 
  3. A Novel usually covers a long period, while a short story generally covers a short period. 
  4. The Novel usually incorporates subplots to make it more thrilling. However, a short story generally revolves around the main plot.
  5. The Novel has lots of characters, while the short story has fewer characters. 
Difference Between a Novel and a Short Story

Conclusion 

Different sorts of writings are classified as literature, and each has its own structure and pattern. Some compositions, on the other hand, may require a different context.

A novel or short story is a sort of literary work with a plot and, sometimes, subplots. A novel, on the other hand, is not the same as a story “. The word count is one of the most noticeable differences.

The novel is a genre of literature that consists of approximately 50,000 to 70,000 words. The novel’s theme or narrative is frequently intricate and larger plot, which makes it more intriguing and engaging.

It also includes subplots to create a sense of suspense and pique the reader’s interest. Furthermore, it frequently covers a lengthy period. It also has a large number of characters.

A short story is a type of literature writing that is between 1,000 and 10,000 words long. The premise or storyline of a short narrative is typically logical and brief, and it seldom includes subplots.

Furthermore, it normally only lasts for a brief time. In the story, there are even a few characters.

References 

  1. https://www.utpjournals.press/doi/abs/10.3138/utq.68.4.878
  2. https://www.jstor.org/stable/25121469
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