Difference Between Agnostic and Atheist (With Table)

There exist different beliefs in the world regarding a certain concept or a thing. Human beings are prone to believe a certain concept or are prone to not believe a certain concept. They decide to believe or not to believe a certain thing or a concept based on the facts or the information they acquire in the course of their lifetimes. These facts and information can be gathered from different sources.

However, there are different interpretations on a specific concept of the creation of the universe. Some people believe that the universe was created by the Almighty God. Some people believe that there were certain scientific reasons and processes that took place, and then the universe was created.

However, the concept of believing in God or not believing in God or neither believing nor showing disbelief in this concept has been talked about by many intellects and scholars. The people who don’t know whether or not God exists are known as agnostics, and the people who believe that God doesn’t exist are known as atheists.

Agnostic vs Atheist

The difference between an agnostic person and an atheist person is their belief in the concept. An agnostic person doesn’t know if God exists or not. On the other hand, an atheist person doesn’t believe if God exists. The beliefs held by people from both these categories are different from one another.

A person that doesn’t know whether or not God exists is known as an agnostic person. Agnostic people are uncertain about If God exists, and they are also uncertain about if God doesn’t exist. They choose to believe in not knowing if God exists or not. They have no security if God exists are not, and they lie between theists and atheists. The term “agnostic” was tossed in the year 1869.

A person who doesn’t believe that God exists is known as an atheist. An atheist person is certain that God doesn’t exist and choose to believe in it. Atheism is exactly the opposite of theism. The term “atheism” existed even before the fifth century and is derived from a Greek word. Atheist people have their reasons as to why they don’t believe that God exists.

Comparison Table Between Agnostic and Atheist

Parameters of ComparisonAgnosticAtheist
Meaning/ DefinitionA person that doesn’t know whether or not God exists is known as an agnostic person. A person who doesn’t believe that God exists is known as an atheist.
SubtypesStrong agnosticism, weak agnosticism and apathetic agnosticism.Weak and strong atheism
BeliefThey neither believe nor disbelieve that God exists.They believe that God doesn’t exist.
SeverityNeutralMore
Antonyms ofGnosticTheist

What is Agnostic?

A person that doesn’t know whether or not God exists is known as an agnostic person. They have a neutral opinion regarding the existence of God. It is the exact opposite of gnostic. People lack surety regarding the fact of whether God exists or not. However, the choice is completely different from person to person.

Agnostic people are uncertain about If God exists, and they are also uncertain about if God doesn’t exist. They choose to believe in not knowing if God exists or not. They have no security if God exists are not, and they lie between theists and atheists. The term “agnostic” was tossed in the year 1869.

There are three main types of agnosticism, namely, strong agnosticism, weak agnosticism, apathetic agnosticism. A strong agnostic strongly believes in not knowing anything about existence. A weak agnostic believes that if there occurs any evidence regarding the existence of them, he or she will believe in the existence of God.

In apathetic agnosticism, a person doesn’t bother himself or herself regarding the evidence that might occur related to the existence of God. He or she would continue to believe in not knowing whether or not God exists irrespective of the evidence that might occur. The history of agnosticism dates back to a time when these things were completely new for people. However, today people are becoming opinionated and free to believe in whatever they think is correct.

What is Atheist?

A person who doesn’t believe that God exists is known as an atheist. They have a neutral opinion regarding the existence of God. It is the exact opposite of theist. People do not lack surety regarding the fact of whether God exists or not. However, the choice is completely different from person to person.

An atheist person is certain that God doesn’t exist and choose to believe in it. Atheism is exactly the opposite of theism. The term “atheism” existed even before the fifth century and is derived from a Greek word. Atheist people have their reasons as to why they don’t believe that God exists. 

There are two main types of atheism, namely, strong and weak atheism. They are also known as implicit atheism and explicit atheism. Atheism has not only been contrasted with agnosticism but has also been considered compatible with it. Various aspects have been considered to distinguish various types of atheism. These aspects include range, explicit and implicit factors, positivity and negativity etc.

The history of atheism dates back to a time when these things were completely new for people. However, today people are becoming opinionated and free to believe in whatever they think is correct. The initiation of the ideas that entail atheism has been found since the Vedic period. However, the usage of the very phrase “atheism” was first done in the sixteenth century.

Main Differences Between Agnostic and Atheist

  1. A person that doesn’t know whether or not God exists is known as an agnostic person. On the other hand, a person who doesn’t believe that God exists is known as an atheist.
  2. An agnostic person can be an atheist. On the other hand, an atheist can not be an agnostic person.
  3. An agnostic person doesn’t know if God exists. On the other hand, an atheist person doesn’t know to believe in the existence of God.
  4. Agnosticism is the opposite of gnostic. On the other hand, atheism is the opposite of theism.
  5. The subtypes of agnosticism include weak agnosticism, strong agnosticism and apathetic agnosticism. On the other hand, the subtypes of atheism include weak and strong atheism.

Conclusion

A person chooses to believe in God or not believe in God or simply doesn’t know if or not God exists. A person can be theist, atheist or agnostic. Depending on a person’s choice and their knowledge or experiences, a person chooses to believe in either of the concepts.

In earlier days, people used to confine themselves by believing in the concepts that were levied on them, and they were forced to believe a certain thing without actually logical reasoning. Nowadays, people take their stand and choose to believe only the things that they feel are right.

References

  1. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10503307.2011.565488
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S089040651000085X
x
2D vs 3D